Waco, Texas

Coordinates: 31°33′5″N 97°9′21″W / 31.55139°N 97.15583°W / 31.55139; -97.15583
Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Waco
Flag of Waco
Official seal of Waco
Coat of arms of Waco
Nickname(s): 
"Heart of Texas"
"Buckle of the Bible Belt"[1]
Location within McLennan County and Texas
Location within McLennan County and Texas
Waco is located in Texas
Waco
Waco
Location of Waco in the state of Texas
Waco is located in the United States
Waco
Waco
Location of Waco in the United States
Waco is located in North America
Waco
Waco
Location of Waco in North America
Coordinates: 31°33′5″N 97°9′21″W / 31.55139°N 97.15583°W / 31.55139; -97.15583
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyMcLennan
Named forThe Waco people
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorDillon Meek
 • City council
Council members
  • Andrea J. Barefield
  • Alice Rodriguez
  • Josh Borderud
  • Kelly Palmer
  • Jim Holmes
 • City managerBradley Ford
Area
UTC−5 (Central)
ZIP Codes
76701-76708, 76710-76712, 76714-76716, 76797-76799
Area code254
FIPS code48-76000[5]
GNIS feature ID1370701[6]
WebsiteWaco-Texas.com

Waco (

24th-most populous city in the state.[8][9] The Waco metropolitan statistical area consists of McLennan, Falls and Bosque counties, which had a 2020 population of 295,782.[10] Bosque County was added to the Waco MSA in 2023. The 2023 U.S. census population estimate for the Waco metropolitan area was 304,865 residents.[11]

History

1824–1865

Waco
" (Spanish: Hueco or Huaco).

In 1824, Thomas M. Duke was sent to explore the area after violence erupted between the Waco people and the European settlers. His report to Stephen F. Austin, described the Waco village:[12]

This town is situated on the West Bank of the river. They have a spring almost as cold as ice itself. All we want is some Brandy and Sugar to have Ice Toddy. They have about 400 acres (1.6 km2) planted in corn, beans, pumpkins, and melons and that tended in good order. I think they cannot raise more than One Hundred Warriors.

— Thomas M. Duke, Stephen F. Austin Papers

After further violence, Austin halted an attempt to destroy their village in retaliation. In 1825, he made a treaty with them. The Waco were eventually pushed out of the region, settling north near present-day Fort Worth. In 1872, they were moved onto a reservation in Oklahoma with other Wichita tribes. In 1902, the Waco received allotments of land and became official US citizens.

George B. Erath to inspect the area.[15] In 1849, Erath designed the first block of the city. Property owners wanted to name the city Lamartine, but Erath convinced them to name the area Waco Village, after the Indians who had lived there.[16] In March 1849, Shapley Prince Ross, the father of future Governor Lawrence Sullivan Ross, built the first house in Waco, a double-log cabin, on a bluff overlooking the springs. His daughter Kate was the first settler child born in Waco. Because of this, Ross is considered to have been the founder of Waco, Texas.[17]

1866–1900

Waco in 1886
Suspension Bridge, Waco, Texas

In 1866, Waco's leading citizens embarked on an ambitious project to build the first bridge to span the wide

John Augustus Roebling in Trenton, New Jersey, to supply the bridge's cables and steelwork and contracted with Mr. Thomas M. Griffith, a civil engineer based in New York, for the supervisory engineering work.[18] The economic effects of the Waco bridge were immediate and large. The cowboys and cattle-herds following the Chisholm Trail north, crossed the Brazos River at Waco. Some chose to pay the Suspension Bridge toll, while others floated their herds down the river. The population of Waco grew rapidly, as immigrants now had a safe crossing for their horse-drawn carriages and wagons. Since 1971, the bridge has been open only to pedestrian traffic and is in the National Register of Historic Places
.

Waco was the original intended western terminus of the

St. Louis Southwestern Railway Company, commonly known as the Cotton Belt.[22]

In the late 19th century, a red-light district called the "Reservation" grew up in Waco, and prostitution was regulated by the city. The Reservation was suppressed in the early 20th century. In 1885, the soft drink Dr Pepper was invented in Waco at Morrison's Old Corner Drug Store.[23]

In 1845, Baylor University was founded in Independence, Texas. It moved to Waco in 1886 and merged with Waco University, becoming an integral part of the city. The university's Strecker Museum was also the oldest continuously operating museum in the state until it closed in 2003, and the collections moved to the new Mayborn Museum Complex. In 1873, AddRan College was founded by brothers Addison and Randolph Clark in Fort Worth. The school moved to Waco in 1895, changing its name to Add-Ran Christian University and taking up residence in the empty buildings of Waco Female College. Add-Ran changed its name to Texas Christian University in 1902 and left Waco after the school's main building burned down in 1910.[24] TCU was offered a 50-acre (200,000 m2) campus and $200,000 by the city of Fort Worth to relocate there.[24]

Racial segregation was common in Waco. For example, Greenwood Cemetery was established in the 1870s as a segregated burial place. Black graves were divided from white ones by a fence which remained standing until 2016.[25]

Dr Pepper Museum
is one of Waco's tourist attractions.

In the 1890s, William Cowper Brann published the highly successful Iconoclast newspaper in Waco. One of his targets was Baylor University. Brann revealed Baylor officials had been importing South American children recruited by missionaries and making house-servants out of them. Brann was shot in the back by Tom Davis, a Baylor supporter. Brann then wheeled, drew his pistol, and killed Davis. Brann was helped home by his friends, and died there of his wounds.

In 1894, the first Cotton Palace fair and exhibition center was built to reflect the dominant contribution of the agricultural cotton industry in the region. Since the end of the Civil War, cotton had been cultivated in the Brazos and Bosque valleys, and Waco had become known nationwide as a top producer. Over the next 23 years, the annual exposition would welcome over eight million attendees. The opulent building which housed the month-long exhibition was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1910. In 1931, the exposition fell prey to the Great Depression, and the building was torn down. However, the annual Cotton Palace Pageant continues, hosted in late April in conjunction with the Brazos River Festival.

On September 15, 1896, "The Crash" took place about 15 miles (24 km) north of Waco. "The Crash at Crush" was a publicity stunt done by the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad company (known as M-K-T or "Katy"), featuring two locomotives intentionally set to a head-on collision. Meant to be a family fun event with food, games, and entertainment, the Crash turned deadly when both boilers exploded simultaneously, sending metal flying in the air. Three people died and dozens were injured.[26]

20th century

Washington Avenue Bridge (postcard, c. 1908), built in 1902, it was the longest single-span steel bridge in the world.

An

African American man named Sank Majors was hanged from the Washington Avenue Bridge by a white mob in 1905. Another man, Jim Lawyer, was attacked with a whip because he objected to the lynching. In both cases the mob was assisted by Texas Rangers.[27]

Lynching of Jesse Washington in Waco on May 15, 1916. He was repeatedly lowered and raised onto a fire for about two hours.

In 1916, a Black teenager named

Waco Horror drew international condemnation and became the cause célèbre of the nascent NAACP's anti-lynching campaign. In 2006, the Waco City Council officially condemned the lynching, which took place without opposition from local political or judicial leaders; the mayor and chief of police were spectators. On the centenary of the lynching, May 15, 2016, the mayor apologized in a ceremony to some of Washington's descendants. A historical marker is being erected.[28]

In the 1920s, despite the popularity of the Ku Klux Klan and high numbers of lynchings throughout Texas, Waco's authorities attempted to respond to the NAACP's campaign and institute more protections for African Americans or others threatened with mob violence and lynching.[29] On May 26, 1922, Jesse Thomas was shot, his body dragged down Franklin street by a crowd some 6,000 strong and the corpse then burned in the public square behind city hall.[30] In 1923, Waco's sheriff Leslie Stegall protected Roy Mitchell, an African American coerced into confessing to multiple murders, from mob lynching. Mitchell was the last Texan to be publicly executed in Texas, and also the last to be hanged before the introduction of the electric chair.[29] In the same year, the Texas Legislature created the Tenth Civil Court of Appeals and placed it in Waco; it is now known as the 10th Court of Appeals.

In 1937, Grover C. Thomsen and R. H. Roark created a soft-drink called "Sun Tang Red Cream Soda". This would become known as the soft drink

Big Red
.

On May 5, 1942, Waco Army Air Field opened as a basic pilot training school, and on June 10, 1949, the name was changed to

Western White House, in Crawford
, Texas.

In 1951, Harold Goodman founded the American Income Life Insurance Company.

Alamo Plaza Courts, tourist apartments, Waco c. 1939

On May 11, 1953, a violent F5 tornado hit downtown Waco, killing 114.[31] As of 2011, it remains the 11th-deadliest tornado in U.S. history and tied for the deadliest in Texas state history.[32] It was the first tornado tracked by radar and helped spur the creation of a nationwide storm surveillance system. A granite monument featuring the names of those killed was placed downtown in 2004.[33]

In 1964, the Texas Department of Public Safety designated Waco as the site for the state-designated official museum of the legendary Texas Rangers law enforcement agency founded in 1823. In 1976, it was further designated the official Hall of Fame for the Rangers and renamed the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum. Renovations by the Waco government earned this building green status, the first Waco government-led project of its nature. The construction project has fallen under scrutiny for expanding the building over unmarked human graves.

In 1978, bones were discovered emerging from the mud at the confluence of the Brazos and Bosque Rivers. Excavations revealed the bones were 68,000 years old and belonged to a species of mammoth. Eventually, the remains of at least 24 mammoths, one camel, and one large cat were found at the site, making it one of the largest findings of its kind. Scholars have puzzled over why such a large herd had been killed at once. The bones are on display at the Waco Mammoth National Monument, part of the National Park Service.

The Mount Carmel Center burning on April 19, 1993

Waco siege

On February 28, 1993, a

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms died. After 51 days, on April 19, 1993, the standoff ended when the Branch Davidians' facility, referred to as Mt. Carmel, was set ablaze, thirteen miles from Waco.[34] 74 people, including leader David Koresh
, died in the blaze.

21st century

During the presidency of

, about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Waco.

On May 17, 2015, a violent dispute among rival biker gangs broke out at Twin Peaks restaurant. The Waco police intervened, with nine dead and 18 injured in the incident. More than 170 were arrested.[35] No bystanders, Twin Peak employees, or officers were killed. This was the most high-profile criminal incident since the Waco siege, and the deadliest shootout in the city's history.

Geography

Lake Waco – southern half of the lake with State Highway 6 Twin Bridges in view

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 95.5 square miles (247 km2), of which 84.2 square miles (218 km2) is land and 11.3 square miles (29 km2) is covered by water. The total area is 11.85% water.

Cityscape

Downtown Waco is relatively small when compared to other larger Texas cities, such as Houston, Dallas, San Antonio, or even Fort Worth, El Paso, or Austin. The 22-story ALICO Building, completed in 1910, is the tallest building in Waco.[36]

Climate

Waco experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), characterized by hot summers and generally mild winters. Some 90 °F (32 °C) temperatures have been observed in every month of the year. The record low temperature is −5 °F (−21 °C), set on January 31, 1949; the record high temperature is 114 °F (46 °C), set on July 23, 2018.[37]

Climate data for Waco Regional Airport, Texas, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1901–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
96
(36)
100
(38)
101
(38)
102
(39)
109
(43)
114
(46)
112
(44)
111
(44)
101
(38)
92
(33)
91
(33)
114
(46)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 78.3
(25.7)
81.5
(27.5)
85.7
(29.8)
89.9
(32.2)
94.5
(34.7)
99.1
(37.3)
103.0
(39.4)
103.8
(39.9)
99.9
(37.7)
93.6
(34.2)
84.3
(29.1)
79.0
(26.1)
105.1
(40.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 59.1
(15.1)
63.1
(17.3)
70.2
(21.2)
77.9
(25.5)
85.3
(29.6)
92.7
(33.7)
96.7
(35.9)
97.1
(36.2)
90.8
(32.7)
80.7
(27.1)
68.8
(20.4)
60.4
(15.8)
78.6
(25.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 47.4
(8.6)
51.6
(10.9)
58.8
(14.9)
66.2
(19.0)
74.3
(23.5)
81.9
(27.7)
85.6
(29.8)
85.5
(29.7)
78.7
(25.9)
68.4
(20.2)
57.2
(14.0)
49.2
(9.6)
67.1
(19.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 35.8
(2.1)
40.1
(4.5)
47.4
(8.6)
54.6
(12.6)
63.3
(17.4)
71.1
(21.7)
74.4
(23.6)
73.9
(23.3)
66.7
(19.3)
56.2
(13.4)
45.6
(7.6)
37.9
(3.3)
55.6
(13.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 20.6
(−6.3)
24.6
(−4.1)
28.4
(−2.0)
37.2
(2.9)
47.5
(8.6)
61.2
(16.2)
68.1
(20.1)
66.5
(19.2)
52.6
(11.4)
38.2
(3.4)
27.6
(−2.4)
22.9
(−5.1)
18.2
(−7.7)
Record low °F (°C) −5
(−21)
−1
(−18)
15
(−9)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
52
(11)
58
(14)
53
(12)
39
(4)
25
(−4)
17
(−8)
−4
(−20)
−5
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
(66)
2.68
(68)
3.31
(84)
3.30
(84)
4.44
(113)
3.35
(85)
1.82
(46)
2.05
(52)
2.87
(73)
4.41
(112)
2.71
(69)
2.87
(73)
36.40
(925)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.7
(1.75)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.2 6.9 8.1 7.1 8.3 6.5 4.7 4.9 5.8 6.7 6.9 7.1 80.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.6
Source 1: NOAA[38]
Source 2: National Weather Service[39]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18703,008
18807,295142.5%
189014,44598.0%
190020,68643.2%
191026,42527.7%
192038,50045.7%
193052,84837.3%
194055,9825.9%
195084,70651.3%
196097,80815.5%
197095,326−2.5%
1980101,2616.2%
1990103,5902.3%
2000113,7269.8%
2010124,8059.7%
2020138,48611.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[40]
Waco racial composition as of 2020[41]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 58,644 42.3%
Hispanic or Latino 43,857 31.7%
Black or African American
(NH)
26,844 19.4%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 4,420 3.2%
Asian (NH) 3,525 2.5%
Some Other Race (NH) 704 0.5%
Alaska Native
(NH)
408 0.3%
Pacific Islander (NH) 84 0.1%
Total 138,486 100%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 138,486 people, 50,108 households, and 29,014 families residing in the city.

At the

racial makeup of the city was 60.8% White, 22.7% African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.4% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. About 23.6% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Non-Hispanic Whites were 45.8% of the population in 2010,[44] down from 66.6% in 1980.[45]

In 2000, the census recorded 42,279 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were not families. Around 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone at 65 years of age or older. The average household size was calculated as 2.49 and the average family size 3.19.

In 2000, 25.4% of the population was under the age of 18, 20.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 16.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,264, and for a family was $33,919. Males had a median income of $26,902 versus $21,159 for females. The

poverty line
. Of the total population, 30.9% of those under the age of 18 and 13.0% of those 65 and older lived below the poverty line.

Economy

Aerial view of downtown Waco in 2009; Brazos River to the left and campus of Baylor University in the upper right

According to the Greater Waco Chamber of Commerce, the top employers in

McLennan County are:[46][47]

# Employer Employees 2015 Employees 2023
1 Baylor University 2,675 3,253
2 Ascension Providence 2,397 3,075
3 Waco Independent School District 2,500 2,373
4 H-E-B 1,500 2,000
5 Baylor Scott & White Health (Hillcrest) 1,800 1,736
6 Texas State Technical College 1,706
7 Veterans Affairs 1,682
8 City of Waco 1,506 1,518
9 Sanderson Farms, Inc. 1,041 1,200
10 Walmart 1,656 1,174
11
McLennan County
1,157
12 Midway Independent School District 1,067 1,081
13 AbbVie 785
14 L3 Technologies 2,300 774
14 McLennan Community College 719
15 Mars Wrigley 700
16 Aramark 696
17 American Income Life 693
18 Magnolia Network 675
19 Texas Materials 672
20 Cargill Value Added Meats 646
21
Tractor Supply
640
22 SpaceX 590

Arts and culture

Libraries and museums

Waco's 22-story ALICO building
The Waco Suspension Bridge

Waco is served by the Waco-McLennan County Library system.

Rite of Freemasonry.[51] The Waco Mammoth National Monument is a paleontological site and museum managed by the National Park Service in conjunction with the City of Waco and Baylor University.[52]

Other museums in Waco include the Dr Pepper Museum, Texas Sports Hall of Fame, Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum, and the Mayborn Museum Complex.

Attractions

The Magnolia Market in Waco

Notable attractions in Waco include the Hawaiian Falls water park and the Grand Lodge of Texas, one of the largest Grand Lodges in the world.[53] The Waco Suspension Bridge is a single-span suspension bridge built in 1870, crossing the Brazos River.[54] Indian Spring Park marks the location of the origin of the town of Waco, where the Huaco Indians had settled on the bank of the river, at the location of an icy cold spring.[55] The Doris Miller Memorial is a public art installation along the banks of the Brazos River.[56] A nine-foot bronze statue of Miller was unveiled on December 7, 2017, temporarily located at nearby Bledsoe-Miller Park.[57]

Waco Mammoth National Monument is a partnership between the City of Waco, Baylor University, the Waco Mammoth Foundation and the National Park Service. The site contains the fossils of 24 Columbian mammoths and other animals, including a tortoise, a camel and a sabretooth tiger.

Downtown Waco is home to

grain silos originally built in 1950 for the Brazos Valley Cotton Oil Company.[58] The Magnolia Market, operated by Chip and Joanna Gaines of the HGTV TV series Fixer Upper, saw 1.2 million visitors in 2016.[59]

Sports

Heart O' Texas Coliseum
)

The

.

The Waco BlueCats, an independent minor league baseball team, planned to play in the inaugural season of the Southwest League of Professional Baseball in 2019. A new ballpark was planned for the suburb of Bellmead.[60]

The

Reicher Catholic High School
and practiced at Texas State Technical College.

Previous professional sports franchises in Waco have proven unsuccessful. The

Heart O' Texas Coliseum
, one of Waco's largest entertainment and sports venues.

The Southern Indoor Football League announced that Waco was an expansion market for the 2010 season. It was rumored they would play in the Heart O' Texas Coliseum. However, the league broke up into three separate leagues, and subsequently, a team did not come to Waco in any of the new leagues.

Professional

Class D level Texas Association. In 1925, Waco rejoined the Texas League with the formation of the Waco Cubs
.

On June 20, 1930, the first night game in Texas League history was played at Katy Park in Waco. The lights were donated by Waco resident Charles Redding Turner, who owned a local farm team for recruits to the Chicago Cubs.

On the night of August 6, 1930, baseball history was made at Katy Park: in the eighth inning of a night game against Beaumont, Waco left fielder Gene Rye became the only player in the history of professional baseball to hit three home runs in one inning.

The last year Waco had a team in the Texas League was 1930, but fielded some strong semipro teams in the 1930s and early 1940s. During the World War II years of 1943–1945, the powerful Waco Army Air Field team was probably the best in the state; many major leaguers played for the team, and it was managed by big-league catcher Birdie Tebbetts.

In 1947, the

Waco Dons
.

In 1948, A.H. Kirksey, owner of Katy Park, persuaded the Pittsburgh Pirates club to take over the Waco operation, and the nickname was changed to Pirates. The Pirates vaulted into third place in 1948. They dropped a notch to fourth in 1949, but prevailed in the playoffs to win the league championship. The Pirates then tumbled into the second division, bottoming out with a dreadful 29–118, 0.197 club in 1952. This mark ranks as one of the 10 worst marks of any 20th-century full-season team. When the tornado struck in 1953, it destroyed the park. The team relocated to Longview to finish the season and finished a respectable third with a 77–68 record.

Waco has many golf clubs and courses, including Cottonwood Creek Golf Course.[61]

In 2018, Bicycle World Texas IronMan 70.3 Waco held its inaugural event in the city on October 26.[62]

Parks and recreation

A seven-mile scenic riverwalk along the east and west banks of the Brazos River stretches from the Baylor campus to Cameron Park Zoo. This multiuse walking and jogging trail passes underneath the Waco Suspension Bridge and captures the peaceful charm of the river.[63] Lake Waco is a reservoir along the western border of the city.

National Recreation Trail.[65] The park also contains Waco's 52-acre (21 ha) zoo, the Cameron Park Zoo.[65]

Government

McLennan County Courthouse

Waco has a

Waco Transit buses
, electric utilities, water and wastewater, solid waste, and the Waco Convention and Visitors Bureau.

The Heart of Texas Council of Governments is headquartered in Waco on South New Road. This regional agency is a voluntary association of cities, counties, and special districts in the Central Texas area.

The Texas Tenth Court of Appeals is in the McLennan County Courthouse in Waco.[67]

The Waco Fire Department operates 13 fire stations throughout the city.[68]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Waco Parole Office in Waco.[69]

The United States Postal Service operates the Waco Main Post Office along Texas State Highway 6.[70] In addition, it operates other post offices throughout Waco.

Politics

Though the rest of McLennan County is deeply Republican, in statewide elections, Waco is a swing city. It voted for Republican Donald Trump in 2016, but flipped to Joe Biden in 2020.

Statewide election results[71]
Election Republican Democratic
2022 Governor 53.0% 45.5%
2020 President 48.0% 50.0%
2020 Senator 50.2% 46.4%
2018 Governor 52.7% 45.7%
2018 Senator 47.5% 51.7%
2016 President 47.6% 46.6%

Education

Pat Neff Hall Administration Building, Baylor University
Rufus Columbus Burleson statue in front of Burleson Quadrangle at Baylor University

University High School (Waco ISD), and Midway High School (Midway ISD). The schools are all rivals in sports, academics, and pride. Former high schools in Waco ISD were A.J. Moore High School, G.W. Carver High School, Richfield High School, Jefferson-Moore High School, and a magnet school known as A.J. Moore Academy
.

Charter high schools in Waco include

.

The three institutions of higher learning in Waco are:

In the past, several other higher education institutions were in Waco:[72]

  • A&M College
  • AddRan Male & Female College (relocated to Fort Worth, now Texas Christian University)
  • The Catholic College
  • Central Texas College (
    HBCU
    )
  • The Gurley School
  • The Independent Biblical and Industrial School
  • HBCU
    ) (relocated to Dallas)
  • Provident Sanatarium
  • Toby's Practical Business College
  • The Training School
  • Waco Business College

Media

The major daily newspaper is the

Waco Today Magazine
.

The Waco television market (shared with the

Bryan/College Station areas) is the 89th-largest television market in the US and includes these stations:[73]

The Waco radio market is the 190th-largest radio market in the US and includes:

  • KRMX-FM 92.9 (Country)
  • KWBT
    -FM 94.5 (Urban adult contemporary)
  • KBGO-FM 95.7 (Classic Hits)
    • KBGO-FM 95.7 HD-2 (Rhythmic Top-40) (Z-95.1)
  • KWRA
    -FM 96.7 (Spanish Religious)
  • KWTX-FM 97.5 (Pop)
  • WACO-FM 99.9 (Country)
  • KXZY
    -FM 100.7 (Spanish religious)
  • KBRQ-FM 102.5 (Rock)
  • KWBU-FM 103.3 (NPR)
  • KWOW-FM 104.1 (Spanish)
  • KBHT-FM 104.9 (Variety Hits)
  • KIXT-FM 106.7 (Classic Rock)
  • KWPW-FM 107.9 (Pop)
  • KBBW-AM 1010 / FM 105.9 (Religious/Talk Radio)
  • KWTX-AM 1230 (News talk)
  • KRZI-AM 1660 / FM 92.3 (ESPN)

Infrastructure

Transportation

Interstate 35 is the major north–south highway serving Waco. It directly connects the city with Dallas (I-35E), Fort Worth (I-35W), Austin, and San Antonio. Texas State Highway 6 runs northwest–southeast and connects Waco to Bryan/College Station and Houston. US Highway 84 is the major east–west thoroughfare in the area. It is also known as Waco Drive, Bellmead Drive (as it passes through the city of Bellmead), Woodway Drive or the George W. Bush Parkway. Loop 340 bypasses the city to the east and south. State Highway 31 splits off US 84 just east of Waco and connects the city to Tyler, Longview, and Shreveport, Louisiana.

The first

traffic circle in Texas was constructed in Waco in 1933 at the intersections of US 81 and US 77.[74] It was later expanded to include intersections with Valley Mills Dr. and La Salle Ave. Drivers were confused and upset by the circle when it was first constructed, which even led to lawsuits. In 2013 a lone star was added to the center of the circle. Lane markings and new signage were added in 2018 to improve traffic flow and to help guide drivers.[75]

The Waco area is home to three airports.

Dallas/Fort Worth International via American Eagle. TSTC Waco Airport (CNW) is the site of the former James Connally AFB and was the primary fly-in point for former President George W. Bush
when he was visiting his ranch in Crawford. It also serves as a hub airport for L3 and several other aviation companies. McGregor Executive Airport (PWG) is a general-aviation facility west of Waco.

Local transportation is provided by the Waco Transit System, which offers bus service Monday–Saturday to most of the city. Nearby passenger train service is offered via

McGregor
, 20 miles west of the city.

Notable people

Sports

Former pro baseball players from Waco

Movies and television

Music

Politics

Other

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[42][43]

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Bibliography

External links