Casino Royale (Climax!)
|Episode no.||Season 1|
|Directed by||William H. Brown, Jr.|
|Written by||Antony Ellis|
|Story by||Ian Fleming (novel)|
|Presented by||William Lundigan|
|Produced by||Bretaigne Windust|
|Featured music||Leith Stevens|
|Original air dates|
|Running time||50 minutes|
"Casino Royale" is a live 1954 television adaptation of the 1953 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming. An episode of the American dramatic anthology series Climax!, the show was the first screen adaptation of a James Bond novel, and stars Barry Nelson, Peter Lorre, and Linda Christian. Though this marks the first onscreen appearance of the secret agent, Nelson's Bond is played as an American spy working for the "Combined Intelligence Agency", and is referred to as "Jimmy" by several characters.
Most of the largely forgotten show was uncovered by film historian Jim Schoenberger in 1981, with the ending (including credits) found later. Both copies are black and white kinescopes, but the original live broadcast was in color. The rights to the program were acquired by MGM at the same time as the rights for the 1967 parody film version, clearing the legal pathway and enabling it to make the 2006 film of the same name.
"Combined Intelligence" agent James Bond comes under fire from an assassin. He dodges the bullets and enters Casino Royale. There he meets his British contact, Clarence Leiter, who remembers "Card Sense Jimmy Bond" from when he played the Maharajah at Deauville. While Bond explains the rules of baccarat, Leiter explains Bond's mission: to defeat Le Chiffre at baccarat and force his Soviet spymasters to "retire" him. Bond then encounters a former lover, Valerie Mathis, who is Le Chiffre's current girlfriend; he also meets Le Chiffre himself.
Bond beats Le Chiffre at baccarat, but, when he returns to his hotel room, is confronted by Le Chiffre and his bodyguards, along with Mathis, who Le Chiffre has discovered is an agent of the Deuxième Bureau, France's external military intelligence agency at the time.
Le Chiffre tortures Bond in order to find out where Bond has hidden the check for his winnings, but Bond does not reveal where it is. After a fight between Bond and Le Chiffre's guards, Bond shoots and wounds Le Chiffre, saving Valerie in the process. Exhausted, Bond sits in a chair opposite Le Chiffre to talk. Mathis gets in between them, and Le Chiffre grabs her from behind, threatening her with a concealed razor blade. As Le Chiffre moves towards the door with Mathis as a shield, she struggles, breaking free slightly, and Bond is able to shoot Le Chiffre.
- Barry Nelson as James Bond
- Peter Lorre as Le Chiffre
- Linda Christian as Valerie Mathis (a composite character of Vesper Lynd and René Mathis)
- William Lundigan as Host/Himself
- Michael Pate as Clarence Leiter
- Eugene Borden as Chef De Partie
- Jean Del Val as Croupier
- Gene Roth as Basil
- Kurt Katch as Zoltan
- Juergen Tarrach as Schultz
- Herman Belmonte as Doorman
In 1954 CBS paid the author Ian Fleming $1,000 ($9,637 in 2020 dollars) to adapt his first novel, Casino Royale, into a one-hour television adventure as part of their dramatic anthology series Climax!, which ran between October 1954 and June 1958. It was adapted for the screen by Antony Ellis and Charles Bennett; Bennett was best known for his collaborations with Alfred Hitchcock, including The 39 Steps and Sabotage. Due to the restriction of a one-hour play, the adapted version lost many of the details found in the book, although it retained its violence, particularly in Act III.
The hour-long Casino Royale episode aired on October 21, 1954, as a live production and starred Barry Nelson as secret agent James Bond, with Peter Lorre in the role of Le Chiffre, and was hosted by William Lundigan. The Bond character from Casino Royale was re-cast as an American agent, described as working for "Combined Intelligence", supported by the British agent, Clarence Leiter; "thus was the Anglo-American relationship depicted in the book reversed for American consumption".
Clarence Leiter was an agent for Station S, while being a combination of Felix Leiter and René Mathis. The name "Mathis", and his association with the Deuxième Bureau, was given to the leading lady, who is named Valérie Mathis, instead of Vesper Lynd. Reports that toward the end of the broadcast "the coast-to-coast audience saw Peter Lorre, the actor playing Le Chiffre, get up off the floor after his death and begin to walk to his dressing room", do not appear to be accurate.
In 1958, four years after the production of Casino Royale, CBS invited Fleming to write 32 episodes over a two-year period for a television show based on the Bond character. Fleming agreed and began to write outlines for this series. When nothing ever came of this, however, Fleming adapted three of the outlines into short stories and released the 1960 anthology For Your Eyes Only along with an additional two new short stories.
This was the first screen adaptation of a Bond novel and was made before the formation of Eon Productions. When MGM eventually obtained the rights to the 1967 film version of Casino Royale, it also received the rights to this television episode.
The Casino Royale episode was lost for decades after its 1954 broadcast until a black and white kinescope of the live broadcast was located by film historian Jim Schoenberger in 1981. The episode aired on TBS as part of a Bond film marathon. The original 1954 broadcast had been in color, and the VHS release and TBS presentation did not include the last two minutes, which were at that point still lost. Eventually, the missing footage (minus the last seconds of the end credits) was found and included on a Spy Guise & Cara Entertainment VHS release. MGM subsequently included the incomplete version on its first DVD release of the 1967 film Casino Royale.
David Cornelius of Efilmcritic.com remarked that "the first act freely gives in to spy pulp cliché" and noted that he believed Nelson was miscast and "trips over his lines and lacks the elegance needed for the role." He described Lorre as "the real main attraction here, the veteran villain working at full weasel mode; a grotesque weasel whose very presence makes you uncomfortable." Peter Debruge of Variety also praised Lorre, considering him the source of "whatever charm this slipshod antecedent to the Bond oeuvre has to offer", and complaining that "the whole thing seems to have been done on the cheap". Debruge still noted that while the special had very few elements in common with the Eon series, Nelson's portrayal of "Bond suggests a realistically human vulnerability that wouldn't resurface until Eon finally remade Casino Royale more than half a century later."
- Britton 2004, p. 30.
- Some sources report that the character is only named "Jimmy Bond". While he is called "Jimmy" several times in the dialogue, he is, however, listed as "James Bond" in the end credits.
- Black 2005, p. 14.
- 1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- Lindner 2009, p. 14.
- Lycett 1996, p. 264.
- "Now Pay Attention, 007: Introduction and Casino Royale '54". Efilmcritic.com. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- Benson 1988, p. 11.
- Andreychuk 2010, p. 38.
- Black, Jeremy (Winter 2002–2003). "Oh, James". National Interest (70): 106. ISSN 0884-9382.
- Benson 1988, p. 7.
- Lycett 1996, p. 265.
- Mikkelson, David (April 13, 2014). "Dead Character Walks Off Stage". Snopes Media Group Inc. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
- Pearson 1967, p. 312.
- Poliakoff, Keith (2000). "License to Copyright - The Ongoing Dispute Over the Ownership of James Bond" (PDF). Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal. Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. 18: 387–436. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 31, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Benson 1988, p. 10.
- Rubin 2002, p. 70.
- Debruge, Peter (May 11, 2012). "Revisiting 'Casino Royale'". Variety. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
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- Casino Royale (1954) at IMDb
- Casino Royale (1954) - Full episode on archive.org
- The Curious History of Casino Royale at MI6-HQ.com
- Casino Royale (1954) Coverage at MI6-HQ.com
- on YouTube