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MoSys, Inc.

MoSys, Inc., originally Monolithic System Technology (MoST), was a

Multibank DRAM and 1T-SRAM technologies—the latter used on Nintendo's Wii and GameCube
video game consoles.


MoSys was incorporated in San Jose, California, on September 16, 1991, as Monolithic System Technology.

vice presidents of design engineering. The initial design team staffed engineers poached from Integrated Device Technology, ISSI, Rambus, and Plus Logic. By 1994, the company had received $7.5 million in venture funding.[3]

The company's first major product was a specialized type of

graphics accelerator cards. Access time was rated at 15 ns, compared to 60 ns of contemporary chips.[5] MDRAM required a proprietary interface and could not be adapted to the SIMM card standard for desktop computer memory of its day.[3] Volume production, handled by an outside fabricator, was achieved in late 1994.[6]

MoSys 1T-SRAM chip

In July 1998, Monolithic introduced a series of

pseudo-static random-access memory technology. Unlike true static RAM, 1T-SRAM is essentially dynamic RAM, which requires each memory cell to be refreshed constantly. However, 1T-SRAM pairs each bank of cells with true SRAM cache of the same capacity; when more than one read/write operation occurs within a bank, the on-chip memory controller redirects access to the cache, allowing the cells within the bank to be refreshed. All banks not involved in a given transaction are meanwhile refreshed in the background. This effectively achieves SRAM-like performance, without the need for wait states for every recharge cycle.[8] The 1T in 1T-SRAM stands for 1 transistor; in dynamic RAM, typically only one transistor–capacitor pair is needed to build one memory cell, while static RAM commonly requires six transistors.[9] The academics Bruce Jacob, Spencer W. Ng, David T. Wang, writing in the book Memory Systems (2008), called the name a misnomer: "[1-transistor static RAM] is not really possible, but it makes for a catchy name".[10]

In 1999, Nintendo signed a contract with MoSys to use 1T-SRAM in its codenamed Dolphin video game console,[11] later unveiled as the GameCube in 2001. Over 25 million units of 1T-SRAM were produced up to October 2002.[12] A newer version of 1T-SRAM, dubbed 1T-SRAM Classic, was patented and introduced in 2006.[13] Nintendo re-entered a contract with Monolithic to use it in the Wii, in 2006.[14]

The company began narrowing its chip sales in 1998, in favor of licensing its patents to other semiconductor memory companies.[15] In September 2000, Monolithic's board members voted to reincorporate the company in Delaware.[16] The company still operated within California, relocating its research office to nearby Sunnyvale by June 2001. The same month, the company filed its initial public offering, mediated through A. G. Edwards.[17] The company's stock rose 12 percent within the first day of its launch,[15] leading to a net proceed of $51 million for Monolithic.[16] The Wall Street Journal saw this as a rekindling of interest in technology companies in the stock market, which had fallen in the twilight of the dot-com bubble.[15]

In February 2004,

US$432 million.[18] However, a month later, Synopsys terminated their agreement to buy out Monolithic and paid the company a $10 million termination fee as part of the merger contract.[19] This came after Synopsys had switched the terms of their acquisition, proposing to Monolithic a $13.50-per-share all-cash offer, incurring a very high premium. Monolithic followed with a lawsuit in Delaware courts seeking to force Synopsys to finish their acquisition. Monolithic dropped the suit in July 2004 without payment or liability. In late December 2004, following ill-health and a tough year for the company, chairman Fu-Chieh resigned from Monolithic, with chief financial officer Mark Voll taking the mantle.[2]

Monolithic had, by the end of 2005, 76 full-time employees—25 executives in Delaware and 51 engineers in the company's research and development lab in Sunnyvale. In May 2006, the company formally renamed themselves to MoSys.[13]

By the late 2010s MoSys had pivoted to designing chips for security,

mmWave semiconductor, to emerge as Peraso Inc.[20]



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