|Born||c. 101 BC|
|Died||c. 47 BC|
|Office||Tribune of the plebs (67 BC)|
Consul (58 BC)
Governor of Roman Syria
Aulus Gabinius (by 101 BC – 48 or 47 BC) was a Roman statesman and general. He was an avid supporter of Pompey who likewise supported Gabinius. He was a prominent figure in the latter days of the Roman Republic.
In 67 BC, when
During the Third Mithridatic War Gabinius served Pompey as a legate. In 65 BC he marched with two legions into Northern Mesopotamia to pressure the Parthian king, Phraates III into a treaty with Pompey. 
In 61 BC, Gabinius, then a
In 57 BC Gabinius started his term as proconsular governor of Syria. Shortly after his arrival he reinstated Hyrcanus II in the high-priesthood of Jerusalem, suppressed revolts, introduced important changes in the government of Judaea and rebuilt several towns. He also supported Mithridates IV in his struggle against his brother Orodes but abandoned Mithridates when the more lucrative offer of restoring Ptolemy XII Auletes to the Egyptian throne reached him.
In 55 BC Pompey convinced Gabinius to march to Egypt to restore Ptolemy XII to his throne. Gabinius did so without the consent of the Senate. He succeeded after a short successful campaign, in which he was supported by the young cavalry officer Mark Antony. He left some of his troops, the so-called Gabiniani, in Egypt to protect Ptolemy XII. These Gabiniani fought against rebellious subjects of the king and later, after the king's death, against Gaius Julius Caesar.
During Gabinius's time in Egypt,
On the charge of maiestas (
After the outbreak of
Marriage and children
Gabinius married a Roman noblewoman called
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gabinius, Aulus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- John Leach, Pompey the Great.
- Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum, Caesar, 50.
- Aulus Gabinius Sisenna article at ancient library Archived September 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Cassius Dio xxxvi. 23–36, xxxviii. 13. 30, xxxix. 55-63
- Plutarch, Pompey, 25. 48
- Josephus, Antiq. xiv. 4-6
- Appian, Illyrica, 12, Bell. Civ. ii. 24. 59
- Cicero, ad Atti. vi. 2, ad Q. Fratrem, ii. 13, Post reditum in senatu, 4–8, Pro lege Manilia, 17, 18, 19
- exhaustive article by Bähr in Ersch and Gruber's Allgemeine Encyclopädie
- Giuseppe Stocchi, Aulo Gabinio e i suoi processi (1892)