Union Council of Ministers

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Union Council of Ministers
Chair
  • Vacant, Deputy Chair
  • Child agencies
    • Cabinet
    • Ministries of the Government of India
    Websiteenglish.www.gov.in

    The Union Council of Ministers,[1] also called Union Cabinet is the principal executive organ of the Government of India, which functions as the senior decision-making body of the executive branch. It is chaired by the prime minister and consists of the heads of each of the executive government ministries. Currently, the council is headed by prime minister Narendra Modi and consists of 29 members, including the prime minister. The council is subject to the Parliament of India.

    A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India; it is a subset of the Union Council of Ministers who hold important portfolios and ministries of the government.[2]

    Regulation

    Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People).[3] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing the confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate the formation of a new government.

    A minister shall take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose a proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

    According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[3]

    Ranking

    There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of

    rank
    :

    • Prime Minister: Leader of the Union Council of Ministers.
    • Deputy Prime Minister (if any): Presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[4]
    • Cabinet Minister: A member of the Union cabinet; leads a ministry.
    • Minister of State (Independent charge): Junior minister not reporting to a Cabinet Minister.
    • Minister of State (MoS): Deputy Minister reporting to a Cabinet Minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

    Appointment

    Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of the president, is appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Since at least the turn of the millennia, evidence indicates that an MP's electoral performance enhances the likelihood of being granted a ministerial portfolio.[5]

    Removal

    • Upon death
    • Upon self resignation, or resignation or death of the prime minister
    • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2)
    • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law
    • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament
    • Under the provision of "Collective Responsibility" under Article 75, the Prime Minister and the entire Council of Ministers resign if a Vote of No Confidence is passed in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) of the Indian Parliament

    Council of Ministers in state governments

    Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to the union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c).

    In March 2020, the Supreme Court of India used its powers for the first time to do "complete justice" under Article 142 of the Indian Constitution to remove a minister functioning in the state of Manipur.

    Current Union Council of Ministers

    Council portfolios are as follows:[6]

    Cabinet Ministers [7][8]

    Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party Remarks
    Prime Minister
    Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
    Department of Atomic Energy
    Department of Space
    All important policy issues; and
    All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
    9 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Defence10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Co-operation
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Road Transport and Highways10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Jagat Prakash Nadda
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Rural Development
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Corporate Affairs
    9 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of External Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    9 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Steel
    10 June 2024Incumbent JD(S) 
    Minister of Commerce and Industry
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Education9 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
    10 June 2024Incumbent HAM(S) 
    Minister of Panchayati Raj
    10 June 2024Incumbent JD(U) 
    Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Civil Aviation10 June 2024Incumbent TDP 
    Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

    Prahlad Joshi
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Tribal Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Textiles
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Information and Broadcasting
    Minister of Railways
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
    Minister of Communications
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Culture
    Minister of Tourism
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Women and Child Development10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Mansukh L. Mandaviya
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Coal
    Minister of Mines
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Ministry of Food Processing Industries10 June 2024Incumbent LJP(RV) 
    Ministry of Jal Shakti10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 

    Ministers of State (Independent Charge)

    Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party Remarks
    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Statistics and Programme Implementation


    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Planning

    Minister of State in the Ministry of Culture
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Science and Technology


    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Earth Sciences
    Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
    Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy

    Minister of State in the Department of Space
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Law and Justice


    Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayush


    Prataprao Ganpatrao Jadhav
    10 June 2024Incumbent SHS 
    Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship


    Minister of State in the Ministry of Education
    10 June 2024Incumbent RLD 

    Ministers of State

    Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party Remarks
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Culture10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
    Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy
    Minister of State in the Department of Space
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    AD(S)
     
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Education10 June 2024Incumbent RLD 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Shripad Yesso Naik
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Co-operation10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment10 June 2024Incumbent RPI(A) 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare10 June 2024Incumbent JD(U) 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    AD(S)
     
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development10 June 2024Incumbent TDP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications10 June 2024Incumbent TDP 
    George Kurian
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Labour and Employment
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Tourism
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Civil Aviation10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs
    George Kurian
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 
    Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles
    10 June 2024Incumbent BJP 

    See also

    References

    External links