British Academy Film Awards
|British Academy Film Awards|
|Current: 74th British Academy Film Awards|
|Awarded for||The best in film|
|First awarded||29 May 1949|
The EE British Academy Film Awards or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to honour the best British and international contributions to film. The ceremonies were initially held at the flagship Odeon cinema in Leicester Square in London, before being held at the Royal Opera House from 2008 to 2016. Since 2017, the ceremony has been held at the Royal Albert Hall in London. The statue awarded to recipients depicts a theatrical mask.
The first BAFTA Awards ceremony was held in 1949, and the ceremony was first broadcast on the BBC in 1956 with Vivien Leigh as the host. The ceremony was initially held in April or May; since 2001 it typically takes place in February.
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) was founded in 1947 as The British Film Academy, by David Lean, Alexander Korda, Carol Reed, Charles Laughton, Roger Manvell, Laurence Olivier, Emeric Pressburger, Michael Powell, Michael Balcon, and other major figures of the British film industry. In 1958, the Academy merged with The Guild of Television Producers and Directors to form The Society of Film and Television, which eventually became The British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1976.
The stated charitable purpose of BAFTA is to "support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners, and benefiting the public". In addition to high-profile awards ceremonies, BAFTA runs a year-round programme of educational events, including film screenings and tribute evenings. BAFTA is supported by a membership of about 6,000 people from the film, television, and video game industries.
The ceremony previously took place in April or May, but since 2001 it has been held in February in order to precede the Academy Awards. Most of the awards are open to all nationalities, though there are awards for Outstanding British Film and Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Producer or Director. Only UK films are eligible for the categories of The British Short Film and British Short Animation awards.
The Awards ceremony is delayed broadcast on British television the same evening, and across the world. The first broadcast was on the BBC in 1956, with Vivien Leigh (who would present an award to her husband Sir Laurence Olivier) as the host. It has been broadcast in colour since 1970. In the US it is shown on BBC America.
During each annual ceremony, BAFTA pauses in memoriam to pay tribute to those in the industry who have died over the past 12 months, showcasing a montage of images accompanied by music.
The award ceremony is held in London. From 2000 to 2007, the ceremonies took place at the flagship Odeon cinema in Leicester Square. Between 2008 and 2016, the ceremonies took place at the Royal Opera House. The 70th Awards in 2017, and subsequent ceremonies, were held at the Royal Albert Hall.
- BAFTA Award for Best Film: since 1948
- BAFTA Award for Outstanding British Film: 1948-1968, 1992-present
- BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language: since 1983
- BAFTA Award for Best Documentary: 1948–1989, 2012-present
- BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film: since 2006
- BAFTA Award for Best Short Film: since 1980
- BAFTA Award for Best Short Animation: since 1990
- BAFTA Award for Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer: since 1998
- BAFTA Award for Best Direction: since 1968
- BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay: since 1984
- BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay: since 1984
- BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role: since 1968
- BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role: since 1968
- BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Editing: since 1968
- BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Production Design: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair: since 1983
- BAFTA Award for Best Original Music: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Sound: since 1969
- BAFTA Award for Best Special Visual Effects: since 1983
- BAFTA Award for Best Casting: since 2020
- BAFTA Rising Star Award: since 2006
- BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles (awarded 1952–1984)
- BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay (awarded 1955–1968)
- BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay (awarded 1969–1983)
- BAFTA Award for Best British Actor (awarded 1952–1967)
- BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor (awarded 1952–1967)
- BAFTA Award for Best British Actress (awarded 1952–1967)
- BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress (awarded 1952–1967)
- BAFTA Award for Best Original Song (awarded 1983–1985)
- BAFTA Award for Best Factual Film
- BAFTA Award for Best Fictional Film
- BAFTA Award for Best Short Factual Film
- BAFTA Award for Best Specialised Film
- BAFTA John Grierson Award
- BAFTA United Nations Award (awarded 1949–1976)
- BAFTA Fellowship (since 1971)
- Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema Award (known as the Michael Balcon Award from 1979 to 2006)
|Superlative||Male Actor||Female Actor|
|Most Nominations||Laurence Olivier
|Most Wins||Peter Finch||5||Judi Dench
|Most Nominations||Martin Scorsese||10|
|Most Wins||Woody Allen
|Most nominations in a year||Steven Soderbergh
Traffic / Erin Brockovich
- Most awards won by a single film
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), with 9 wins.
- Most nominations received by a single film
- Gandhi (1982), with 16 nominations.
- Most nominations without winning an award
- Oldest person to win an award
- Youngest person to win an award
|1st||29 May 1949|
|2nd||29 May 1949|
|3rd||29 May 1950|
|4th||22 February 1951|
|5th||8 May 1952|
|6th||5 March 1953|
|7th||25 March 1954|
|8th||10 March 1955|
|9th||1 March 1956||Vivien Leigh|
|10th||11 July 1957|
|11th||6 March 1958|
|13th||22 March 1960|
|14th||6 April 1961|
|15th||5 April 1962|
|16th||7 May 1963|
|17th||3 April 1964|
|21st||28 March 1968|
|22nd||26 March 1969|
|23rd||8 March 1970||David Frost|
|24th||4 March 1971||Richard Attenborough|
|25th||23 February 1972|
|26th||28 February 1973||Michael Parkinson|
|27th||6 March 1974|
|28th||26 February 1975||David Niven|
|29th||17 March 1976|
|30th||24 March 1977||Esther Rantzen|
|31st||16 March 1978|
|32nd||22 March 1979||Sue Lawley|
|33rd||20 March 1980|
|34th||22 March 1981||David Frost|
|35th||18 March 1982|
|36th||20 March 1983||Frank Bough|
|37th||25 March 1984||Michael Aspel|
|38th||5 March 1985||Terry Wogan|
|39th||16 March 1986||Michael Aspel|
|40th||22 March 1987||Ronnie Corbett|
|41st||March 1988||Michael Aspel|
|42nd||19 March 1989||David Dimbleby|
|43rd||11 March 1990||Magnus Magnusson|
|44th||17 March 1991||Noel Edmonds|
|45th||22 March 1992||Michael Aspel|
|46th||21 March 1993||Griff Rhys Jones|
|47th||15 April 1994||Sheena McDonald|
|48th||9 April 1995||Billy Connolly|
|49th||23 April 1996||Angus Deayton|
|50th||29 April 1997||Lenny Henry|
|51st||18 April 1998||Rory Bremner|
|52nd||11 April 1999||Jonathan Ross|
|53rd||9 April 2000||Jack Docherty|
|54th||25 February 2001||Stephen Fry|
|55th||24 February 2002||Stephen Fry|
|56th||23 February 2003|
|57th||15 February 2004|
|58th||12 February 2005|
|59th||19 February 2006|
|60th||11 February 2007||Jonathan Ross|
|61st||10 February 2008|
|62nd||8 February 2009|
|63rd||21 February 2010|
|64th||13 February 2011|
|65th||12 February 2012||Stephen Fry|
|66th||10 February 2013|
|67th||16 February 2014|
|68th||8 February 2015|
|69th||14 February 2016|
|70th||12 February 2017|
|71st||18 February 2018||Joanna Lumley|
|72nd||10 February 2019|
|73rd||2 February 2020||Graham Norton|
|74th||10-11 April 2021||Clara Amfo|
|75th||13 March 2022||Rebel Wilson|
- "David Lean's Letter to the Academy". Bafta.org. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- "BAFTA Awards: Overview". IMDb. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- "History of BAFTA". BAFTA.org. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
- Mitzi Cunliffe and the BAFTA Mask Archived 18 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine at BAFTA website.
- "Switched On: Television joins the fold". BAFTA.org. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
- Orlova-Alvarez, Tamara; Alvarez, Joe (13 February 2017). "Royal BAFTAs". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
- Orlova-Alvarez, Tamara; Alvarez, Joe (13 February 2018). "Jennifer Lawrence EE British Academy Film and Television Awards". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
- Wilkinson, Alex. "EE Announced as Title Sponsor for the British Academy Film Awards in 2013". EE Corporate Site. Saatchi&Saatchi. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
- "The Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema Award - Awards" Archived 5 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine, The BAFTA site, 6 March 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "BBC One London - 4 March 1971 - BBC Genome". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk.
- "BBC One London - 26 February 1975 - BBC Genome". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk.
- "BBC One London - 24 March 1977 - BBC Genome". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk.
- "BAFTA Sets Date for 2022 Film Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. 21 June 2021.
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