51st Infantry Regiment (Russian Empire)

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51st Lithuanian Infantry Regiment
51st Lithuanian Infantry Regiment
Sveaborg (1809-?)
Simferopol, Taurida Governorate
(1903 – 1913)
AnniversariesDecember 6 (Regiment holiday)

The 51st Lithuanian Infantry Regiment (

His Imperial Highness Heir to the Tsarevich (Russian: 51-й пехотный Литовский Его Императорского Высочества Наследника Цесаревича полк, romanized51-y pekhotnyy Litovskiy Yego Imperatorskogo Vysochestva Naslednika Tsesarevicha polk) from 1904, was an infantry regiment that served in the Imperial Russian Army


The regiment was formed as the

On 11 January 1811, from the 12 companies of the Sveaborg Garrison Regiment, the three-battalion Lithuanian Musketeer Regiment was formed, named on February 22, 1811 the Lithuanian Infantry Regiment.


Napoleonic Wars

On 6 November 1811, the regiment, with the Nevsky Infantry Regiment, formed the 2nd Brigade of the 21st Infantry Division.

In 1812, during the French invasion of Russia, the regiment first fought on 7 October 1812 near Polotsk. the regiment then partook in the battles at Chashniki, Borisov and Studyanka.

Having crossed the Vistula in 1813, the Lithuanian regiment was part of the corps besieging Danzig, and then were moved to Poznań. In the detachment of General Ferdinand von Wintzingerode, the regiment fought in the battle of Leipzig and on 6 January 1814 crossed the Rhine near Düsseldorf. The Lithuanian regiment fought in the battles of Craonne, Laon and Parisduring the Campaign in north-east France in 1814.

On 4 July 1817, the Lithuanian regiment was assigned to the

Separate Lithuanian Corps

November Uprising

At the beginning of November Uprising in 1830, the regiment became part of the active army and participated in the battles at Dobre [pl], Wawer and Olszynka Grochowska. On 14 February 1831, the 3rd battalion was detached to form the 58th Infantry Regiment [ru], and was replaced by the 3rd battalion of Field Marshal Count von der Saken's Infantry Regiment [ru] at the end of the war.

On 19 March 1831, the 1st and 2nd battalions, being in the vanguard of Adjutant General

Brest Litovsk, and the Lithuanians began to gradually replenish with the ranks of the 1st and 2nd corps. After its completion, the regiment fought again and pursued Girolamo Ramorino's corps in Galicia

Fighting in the Caucasus

On 28 January 1833, when the entire infantry of the Imperial Russian Army was reorganized, the regiment, with the addition of the 2nd Battalion of the 48th Jaeger Regiment [ru], was named Lithuanian Jaeger and was assigned four battalions.

In 1841, the 2nd battalion was sent to the

. On 22 January 1842, the regiment's 2nd battalion was assigned to the separate Caucasian corps, with a new battalion being formed in the regiment to replace the lost one.

On 8 January 1844, three battalions set out for the Caucasus and were assigned to guard the Georgian Military Road. In the same year, the 1st battalion took part in several expeditions in Little Chechnya to punish the rebellious Karabuzakhs and skirmished many times with the mountaineers.

On 27 February 1845, a battalion of the Uglitsky Jaeger Regiment was attached to the regiment, which made up its 5th battalion. In 1845, the 1st battalion was assigned to the Chechen detachment and, participating in the Dargin campaign, distinguished itself in the Ichkerin battle, when capturing the ruins near Gerzel-aul. For the Dargin campaign, the 1st battalion received a new banner on March 18, 1846 with the inscription "For the campaign to Andi in June and the capture of Dargo on July 6, 1845".

On 16 December 1845, the 2nd and 3rd battalions were allocated to form the Kuban Jaeger Regiment [ru], so the Lithuanian Regiment had four battalions.

Hungarian Revolution of 1848

On 10 May 1849, during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the regiment campaigned in Transylvania and participated in a battle in the Oytuz gorge on July 11.

Crimean War

In 1853, the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th reserve battalions were formed with the regiment.

Appointed to reinforce the Caucasian troops, the regiment sailed on September 17, 1853 to the shores of the Black Sea coast and, having landed in

Inguri River and near the village of Khorshi, the Lithuanians distinguished themselves especially on 4 July 1854 across the Cholokom river, and in the last battle the 3rd battalion bravely attacked the Turkish battery and captured six guns. For the distinction rendered, the 3rd battalion received on October 4, 1854 the St. George banner with the inscription "For distinction in the battle against the Turks across the river. Cholokom June 4, 1854 ". Also, the regiment was awarded on August 30, 1856 badges for headgear with the inscription "For Distinction in 1854 and 1855". From 13 September 1854 to 27 August 1855, the 5th and 6th reserve battalions partook in the Siege of Sevastopol
. On 30 August 1856, for their courage and bravery, the regiment was awarded the St. George banners with the inscription "For Sevastopol in 1854 and 1855" and signs on hats with the inscription "For Sevastopol from 13 September 1854 to 27 August 1855".

On 17 April 1856, after the abolition of the Jaeger regiments, the Lithuanian regiment was renamed an infantry regiment. The same year, the reserve battalions were also abolished and rifle companies were formed in four active battalions.

For the next three years, the regiment took part in operations against the mountaineers of the Western Caucasus and was on several expeditions beyond the Kuban and in the Labinsky District. On 22 July 1859, the Lithuanian Infantry Regiment left the Caucasus.

1860s & 1870s

On 6 April 1863, a regiment was formed from the Lithuanian Reserve Regiment's 4th battalion and reserve battalions. It was named the Putivl Infantry Regiment [ru] on 13 August 1863 . On 25 March 1864, №51 was added to the regiment's name.

In the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), the regiment guarded Crimea's coasts. On 3 March 1877, the Lithuanian Regiment, together with the 52nd Vilnius Infantry Regiment [ru], was in the Army of the South's 13th Division's 2nd Brigade.[4] The two regiments were still brigaded in the 1880s.[5]

On 14 May 1879, the 4th battalion was formed from three rifle companies and the newly formed 16th company. In the same year, the regiment was granted the military step of the Lithuanian Life Guards Regiment [ru].

The 51st Lithuanian regiment's officers building in Simferopol

20th century

On 30 July 1904, the Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia was appointed regimental chief, and the Lithuanian regiment was ordered to be called the 51st Lithuanian Infantry Regiment of His Imperial Highness the Heir to the Tsarevich.

World War I

From 1914 to 8 December 1916, The Lithuanian regiment was part of the Southwestern Front.[6] From then on, it was on the Romanian Front.[6]

Russian Civil War

After 1918, many of the Lithuanian regiment's officers and even soldiers could not come to terms with the

Communist government.[7] In Simferopol, the Lithuanian regiment was revived and it actively participated in the Russian Civil War until 1920.[7]

Regimental insignia

  • Regimental St. George's banner with the inscription "For the campaign in Andi in June and the capture of Dargo on July 6, 1845 and for the difference in the battle against the Turks across the river. Cholokom June 4, 1854" and "1809-1909" with the Alexander's anniversary ribbon.
  • Headwear insignia for lower ranks with the inscription "For Sevastopol from 13 September 1854 to 27 August 1855".

Regimental chiefs

Regiment's commanders

  • 10/15/1811 - 03/17/1818 - Major (from 01/11/1814 Lieutenant Colonel) Boris Lukich Sergeyev
  • 03/17/1818 - 02/28/1829 - lieutenant colonel (from 04/10/1820 Colonel) Mikhail Fedorovich Nikitin [ru]
  • 04/01/1829 - 04/11/1831 - Colonel Mikhail Kurosh
  • 06/12/1851 - 1855/1856 - Colonel Prince Lev Gagarin
  • 02/17/1856 - 1859/1860 - Colonel Nikolai Chikhachev
  • 1859/1860 - хх.хх. 1868/1869 - Colonel Pyotr Shafirov[8]
  • 08/02/1869 - 28/11/1874 - Colonel Pyotr Artsybashev[8]
  • 11/30/1874 - 12/17/1878 - Colonel Alexander Zashchuk [ru]
  • xx.12.1878 - xx.01.1886 - Colonel Alexander Kalinin
  • 01/19/1886 - 11/03/1887 - Colonel Konstantin Tserpitsky
  • 11.11.1887 - 29.10.1892 - Colonel Giorgi Kazbegi
  • 11/23/1892 - 07/16/1894 - Colonel Nikolai Grotenfeld
  • 08/02/1894 - 04/17/1898 - Colonel Alexander Myagkov
  • 06/02/1898 - 04/04/1901 - Colonel Ivan Kholodovsky
  • 05/22/1901 - 02/06/1905 - Colonel Mikhail Nikulin
  • 02.24.1905 - 03.24.1910 - Colonel Dmitry Cherepakhin-Ivaschenko
  • 03.24.1910 - 01.03.1915 - Colonel Gavriil Alexandrovich Likhachev [ru]
  • 01.24.1915 - 04.29.1915 - Colonel Alexey Tkachenko
  • 04/29/1915 - 07/29/1915 - Colonel Vladimir Ivanovich Vadzinsky [ru]
  • 08.24.1915 - 05.28.1916 - Colonel Ivan Tarbeev
  • 05/31/1916 - 10/23/1916 - Colonel Mikhail Stakhov
  • 12/14/1916 - 04/24/1917 - Colonel Konstantin Lisitsyn
  • 05/27/1917 - xx.xx.xxxx - Colonel Bronislav-Evgeniy Pogorzhelsky


  1. .
  2. ^ Ruzas, Vincas (13 July 2010). "VILNIAUS KARO MOKYKLOS (1864-1917) ŽENKLAI". www.museums.lt (in Lithuanian). Archived from the original on 2005-05-15. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b Pavlyuk 1909.
  4. .
  5. His Majesty's Stationery Office. p. 25.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link
  6. ^ a b antologifo 2018.
  7. ^ a b c Chennyk 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Литовский 51-й пехотный полк @ SurnameIndex.Info". www.surnameindex.info (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2019-07-24. Retrieved 2021-09-09.


See also