CERN httpd

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

CERN httpd
Original author(s)Tim Berners-Lee,
Ari Luotonen,
Henrik Frystyk Nielsen
Developer(s)CERN / World Wide Web Consortium
Initial release24 December 1990; 33 years ago (1990-12-24)
Final release
3.0A / 15 July 1996; 27 years ago (1996-07-15)[1]
TypeWeb server, proxy server
LicenseMIT Copyright Statement with acknowledgement to CERN

CERN httpd (later also known as W3C httpd) is an early, now discontinued,

C, it was the first web server


This NeXT Computer used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN became the world's first web server

CERN httpd was originally developed on a NeXT Computer running NeXTSTEP, and was later ported to other Unix-like operating systems, OpenVMS and systems with unix emulation layers, e.g. OS/2 with emx+gcc. It could also be configured as a web proxy server.[1] Version 0.1 was released in June 1991.[3] In August 1991, Berners-Lee announced in the

FTP site.[4][5]

The server was presented on the Hypertext 91 conference in San Antonio and was part of the CERN Program Library (CERNLIB).[4][7]

Later versions of the server are based on the libwww library.[2] The development of CERN httpd was later taken over by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), with the last release being version 3.0A of 15 July 1996.[1] From 1996 onwards, W3C focused on the development of the Java-based Jigsaw server.[8]

The initial version was

public domain software; the last one was under an MIT License.[9]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Official CERN httpd page
  2. ^ a b Kahan, José (5 August 1999). "Why Libwww?". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  3. ^ Change History for httpd
  4. ^ a b Stewart, Bill. "Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and the World Wide Web – Web development". Living Internet. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  5. ^ Tim Berners Lee (20 August 1991). "WorldWideWeb wide-area hypertext app available". CERN. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  6. ^ "W3C Open Source Software – CERN Server". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  7. ^ Robert Cailliau (21 July 2010). "A Short History of the Web". NetValley. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  8. ^ Baird-Smith, Anselm (April 1996). "W3C Activity: The CERN server". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  9. ^ The birth of the web Licensing the web on (2014, archived)

External links