Caesareum of Alexandria
|Type||Built as a temple; converted to a Christian church (late-4th century)|
|Town or city|
Cleopatra VII (started)(finished)
The Caesareum of Alexandria is an ancient
Converted to a Christian church in the late 4th century, the Caesareum was the headquarters of Cyril of Alexandria, the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444.
Elements of the temple survived until the 19th century. Cleopatra's Needles, obelisks from the temple, now stand in Central Park in New York City and on the Thames Embankment, in London. The underwater archaeological work of Franck Goddio and the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM) in the eastern harbour of Alexandria has added to the knowledge about the Caesareum. An article "The Caesarium", published in 2021, reveals that the groundworks were started prior to the reign of Cleopatra VII. It also considers the building's relationship with the harbour based on ancient texts and the position of Cleopatra's Needles and it provides some indications about the siting of the temple itself.
Today, a large statue of the Alexandrine nationalist leader Saad Zaghloul (1859–1927) stands on the Caesareum site.
- 1st century BC in architecture
- Ancient Egyptian architecture
- History of Alexandria
- ISBN 978-0-06-058558-7.
- ^ Centre d'Études Alexandrines (2022). "Le Césaréum". Retrieved 6 November 2022.
- ^ ISBN 978-0300115550.
- ^ Staff (2012). "The Caesarium of Alexandria – Scene of the Crime". cosmographica.com. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- ^ Socrates Scholasticus. Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap. 15.
- ISBN 9780747801580.
- ^ "The sunken ancient port of Alexandria". Franck Goddio - Underwater Archaeologist. Retrieved 2022-11-02.
- ^ Franck Goddio, Catherine Grataloup (pottery): The Caesarium, edited by Damian Robinson, Franck Goddio, "Constructing, Remaking and Dismantling Sacred Landscapes in Lower Egypt from the Late Dynastic to the Early Medieval Period", Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology Monograph, volume 11. University of Oxford, Oxford 2021, ISBN 978-1-9989943-0-4.
- Buildings and structures completed in the 1st century BC
- 19th-century disestablishments in Egypt
- Monuments and memorials to Julius Caesar
- Churches in Alexandria
- Egyptian temples
- Former buildings and structures in Egypt
- Ruins in Egypt
- Conversion of non-Christian religious buildings and structures into churches
- 1st-century BC establishments in Roman Egypt
- Former churches in Egypt