US$ 16.5 billion) — FY 2019
|JP¥ 60.3 billion (US$ 543.4 million) — FY 2019|
Number of employees
|35,711 (as of March 31, 2019)|
|Footnotes / references|
Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社) (Japan Mail Shipping Line), also known as NYK Line,
The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai shipping company founded by the
The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to Seattle established in 1896 and to London in 1899.
The company's Katori Maru was used by Chinese Muslims to travel to Singapore on their way to Makkah for the hajj in 1925. From there, the company had the pilgrims travel on board other Japanese steamships to Suez and then to Makkah. The company promised to take responsibility for all the necessary formalities and helped contact other local transportation agencies that could take the pilgrims to Makkah. Chinese pilgrims were promised a 20% discount for their tickets. A third-class ticket that sold for £5/10/0 would be £4/8/0, while a second-class ticket sold for £14/0/0 would be sold for £11/5/0.
The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers, and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked
Ocean routes went east from Japan to
Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe, and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth, and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from
From 1924, all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships. NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929, but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.
In World War II, the NYK Line provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific. Before the war, NYK had 36 passenger ships; by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.
NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. Shipping Control Authority for the Japanese Merchant Marine requisitioned Hikawa Maru as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.
Fleet until 1945
The NYK tonnage expanded in bursts, responding to changes economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.
Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories. Some ships were named after Shinto shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities.
Awa Maru (1943).
Kaga Maru (19__).
Noto Maru (1934).
Tango Maru (1905).
Fleet in post-war era
The modern NYK tonnage encompasses a variety of ship names.
By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world.
As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first
NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises.
In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when
At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo.
During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier, and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several prominent awards for its cruise service quality.
In April 2014, eight container sister ships of a new series were commissioned, and two more units were inserted as options in the construction contract. Both options were converted into firm orders in July 2014. The building began in spring 2015 at the shipyard Japan Marine United in Kure, Hiroshima. The first delivered ship of the ten units to be built within end of 2018, was mv NYK Blue Jay launched in 2016. All 10 vessels received names of bird species (therefore called the NYK-bird class). The ships are used on the European Far East route and are the largest container ships built in Japan so far, having a maximum container capacity of 14,026 TEU.
In May 2021 NYK Line became the first Japanese shipping firm to join the
Merger of container operations
On Monday, 31 October 2016,
Container vessels fleet
|Ship class||Built||Capacity (TEU)||Ships in class||Notes|
|NYK Vega-class||2006–2007||9,012||4||Operated by Ocean Network Express|
|NYK Oceanus-class||2007–2008||8,628–9,040||4||Operated by Ocean Network Express|
|NYK Adonis-class||2010–2011||9,592||3||Operated by Ocean Network Express|
|NYK Bird-class||2016–2019||14,000||15||Operated by Ocean Network Express|
NYK is also the world's largest roll-on/roll-off ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America, Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers,
- Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner
- New Carissa
- Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner
- John Wilson
- ^ "New NYK boss Hitoshi Nagasawa gets tough on ethics". Trade Winds. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- ^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- ^ a b NYK: History.
- ^ Shinmasu, Ikuo (May 14, 2022), "Part 5, The Great Seattle Shipping Route", North American Post
- ^ Li, Gang (2021). The Hui Muslims' Identity Negotiations (PhD Thesis). University of Groningen. pp. 212–213.
- ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517.
- ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516.
- ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history
- ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III.
- ^ a b c ShipsList: NYK Line fleet.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370.
- ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū
- ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.
- ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan or kunikyū class
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link].
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342.
- ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431.
- ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947.
- ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196.
- ^ "Rosetta (1880)" (PDF). P&O Heritage.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179.
- ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPonsonby-Fane1931 (help)
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180.
- ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; Archived January 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj NYK: fleet list
- ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered
- ^ NYK-Nippon Oil Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572.
- ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006;
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link]
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.
- ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162.
- ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204.
- ^ McAlpine, Andrew (16 June 2016). "Introducing NYK Blue Jay". Container Shipping and Trade. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016.
- ^ Labrut, Michele (May 19, 2021). "NYK joins ship recycling transparency initiative". Seatrade Maritime News. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- ^ Wackett, Mike (3 October 2017). "Creation of Ocean Network Express will be a turning point for NYK, says president". The Loadstar.
- ^ Chambers, Sam (31 May 2017). "Japan's big three lines christen new merged container entity Ocean Network Express". Splash 247.
- ^ Ken Belson (13 July 2012). "Around the World With 5,500 Cars". New York Times.
- ^ "NYK Line Starts South America RoRo Service from Port Everglades". World Maritime News.
- Chida, Momohei; OCLC 20799046.
- Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261. ISBN 9781591149590.
- Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 16781302.
- OCLC 27933596.
- Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) . Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.
- Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping Industry. Harvard: OCLC 10825248.
- Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2.
- Company website (in English)
- Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English)
- NYK History
- NYK Group vessels at The Ships List
- Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen oceanliners
- NYK Line RORO
- Transport companies based in Tokyo
- Companies listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange
- Companies listed on the Nagoya Stock Exchange
- Mitsubishi companies
- Shipping companies of Japan
- Container shipping companies
- Empire of Japan
- Postwar Japan
- Transport companies established in 1885
- Japanese companies established in 1885
- Japanese brands
- Car carrier shipping companies
- Ro-ro shipping companies