|A male village weaver (Ploceus cucullatus bohndorffi), building his nest|
Ploceidae is a family of small
Taxonomy and systematics
The family Ploceidae was introduced (as Ploceïdes) by the Swedish zoologist
The family includes 15 genera with a total of 118 species.
|Bubalornis A. Smith, 1836|
|Dinemellia Reichenbach, 1863||
PlocepasserA. Smith, 1836
|Histurgops Reichenow, 1887||
|Pseudonigrita Reichenow, 1903|
|Philetairus A. Smith, 1837||
|Sporopipes Cabanis, 1847|
|Amblyospiza Sundevall, 1850||
|Ploceus Cuvier, 1816||
|Malimbus Vieillot, 1805||
|Quelea Reichenbach, 1850|
|Anaplectes Reichenbach, 1863||
|Brachycope Reichenow, 1900||
|Euplectes Swainson, 1829||
The males of many species in this family are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black. Some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. These are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills.
Distribution and habitat
The weaverbird colonies may be found close to bodies of water.
Behaviour and ecology
Weavers are named for their elaborately woven nests. The nests vary in size, shape, material used, and construction techniques from species to species. Materials used for building nests include fine leaf fibers, grass, and twigs. Many species weave very fine nests using thin strands of leaf fiber, though some, like the buffalo-weavers, form massive untidy stick nests in their colonies, which may have spherical woven nests within. The
Many weaver species are gregarious and breed colonially. The birds build their nests together for protection, often several to a branch. Usually the male birds weave the nests and use them as a form of display to lure prospective females.
Relationship to humans
A nest in the early stages of construction
Weaverbirds at West Bengal
AdultSporopipesat its spherical grass nest, placed in a shrub
CommunalPhiletairusnests in central Namibia
- Pseudonigritanest in Kenya, with entrance below
Black-breasted weaver nest suspended from grass, India
A baya weaver on his unfinished nest, northern India
Nests of a baya weaver colony suspended from a palm tree, India
MaleQuelea at nest concealed in thorny Senegaliashrub
Red bishop constructing a nest in reeds, South Africa
Nests of a colony of Sakalava weavers, Madagascar
Spherical village weaver nests suspended from a palm tree, West Africa
A southern masked weaver building his nest, Namibia
Hanging nest,Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 2019.
- Sundevall, Carl Jakob (1836). "Ornithologiskt system". Kongliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. 23: 43–130 .
- Fry, C.H. & Keith, S. (2004) The birds of Africa vol. VII. Christopher Helm, London
- . Retrieved 12 November 2021.
- De Silva, T.N.; Peterson, A.T.; Perktas, U. (2019). "An extensive molecular phylogeny of weaverbirds (Aves: Ploceidae) unveils broad nonmonophyly of traditional genera and new relationships". The Auk. 20 (3): 1–21.