Schoenoplectus californicus

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Schoenoplectus californicus
California bulrush

Secure  (NatureServe)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Schoenoplectus
S. californicus
Binomial name
Schoenoplectus californicus
  • Dichromena atrosanguinea
  • Elytrospermum californicum
  • Malacochaete assimilis
  • Malacochaete chilense
  • Malacochaete oligostachya
  • Malacochaete riparia
  • Malacochaete sanguinolenta
  • Malacochaete tatora
  • Schoenoplectus chamissoi
  • Schoenoplectus pseudotriqueter
  • Schoenoplectus riparius
  • Schoenoplectus tatora
  • Scirpus californicus
  • Scirpus chamissoi
  • Scirpus decipiens
  • Scirpus pseudotriqueter
  • Scirpus rigidus
  • Scirpus tereticulmis

Schoeneoplectus californicus is a species of

Schoenoplectus acutus
is the species most often referred to by that name.


Schoenoplectus californicus is a

Pacific islands including New Zealand, Hawaii and the Cook Islands.[1][3][4][5] It has tall, thin, dark green stems which are usually triangular in cross-section and woolly, bristly tan or brown flowers in panicle inflorescences.[6][7]

Caballos de Totora in Huanchaco Peru


A notable

Uros people of Lake Titicaca dwell, as well as occurring on isolated Easter Island in the Pacific.[8]

Boats have also been made from this plant by many cultures, including the Caballito de totora in Peru for over 3,000 years. The plants are still farmed in wetlands next to the sea for the boats, and there is also an ecological reserve that specifically protects these sedge farms called the Swamps of Huanchaco.[9]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Schoenoplectus californicus". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 country distribution map
  4. ^ Adams, C. D. 1994. 17. Schoenoplectus (H.G. Reichb.) Palla. 6: 449–450. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  5. ^ Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  6. ^ Jepson Interchange: Schoenoplectus californicus
  7. ^ Gonzalez. 2007. Sinopsis de Scirpus s.l. (Cyperaceae) para México. Acta Botánica Mexicana 82: 15–41.
  8. ^ Charles Heiser. 1978. The Totora (Scirpus Californicus) in Ecuador and Peru. Economic Botany July–September 1978, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 222-236
  9. ^ "(spanish) Swamps of Huanchaco" (PDF). Retrieved 2 May 2021.

External links