The Plot Against America (miniseries)
|The Plot Against America|
|Created by||David Simon|
|Based on||The Plot Against America|
by Philip Roth
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||6 (list of episodes)|
|Producer||Claire M. Shanley|
|Running time||60 minutes|
|Original release||March 16 –|
April 20, 2020
The Plot Against America is an American alternate history drama television miniseries created and written by David Simon and Ed Burns, based on the 2004 novel of the same name by Philip Roth, that aired on HBO from March 16, 2020, to April 20, 2020.
The Plot Against America imagines an alternate American history told through the eyes of a working-class Jewish family in Newark, New Jersey, as they watch the political rise of Charles Lindbergh, an aviator-hero and xenophobic populist, who becomes president and turns the nation toward fascism."
HBO announced on November 8, 2018, that it had ordered a six-episode miniseries based on Philip Roth's novel The Plot Against America to be written by David Simon and Ed Burns and executive produced by Simon, Burns, and Roth, alongside Joe Roth, Jeffrey Kirschenbaum, Nina Noble, Megan Ellison, Sue Naegle, Susan Goldberg, and Dennis Stratton. Production companies involved with the series include Annapurna Pictures and Blown Deadline Productions. In April 2019, Winona Ryder, Zoe Kazan, Morgan Spector, John Turturro, Anthony Boyle, Azhy Robertson, and Caleb Malis joined the cast of the series.
Simon had read the novel in 2004, but thought it politically irrelevant; though approached by Tom Rothman in 2013 to adapt it for television, he declined. He decided to take on the project in the aftermath of the 2016 US election, in which Donald Trump was elected US President, saying that Roth's novel had proven "perversely...allegorical," and approaching his longtime collaborator Ed Burns, with whom he had worked on The Wire and Generation Kill, to co-write. Events such as the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville influenced the adaptation.
A point of concern was the show's ending, about which Simon approached Roth, and to which Roth provided no solution. Simon and Burns chose a more ambiguous conclusion than the novel's, though one more directly involving characters in ending the Lindbergh administration, and expanded the perspective beyond just the novel's narrator, Philip. Roth himself expressed potential concerns, suggesting that the family name be changed to Weiss (Simon chose Levin), that the family be assimilated Americans, and for the production team to not "confuse" Lindbergh for Trump.
Filming took place in 2019 at a number of locations, including:
- Jersey City at Temple Beth-El and in the Greenville shopping district in May
- Downtown Paterson in May
- Newark in June
- Cranford, New Jersey on August 29–30
- New York City in May and June
- Baltimore, on June 13–14, including on the deck of the SS John W. Brown, a WWII Liberty ship docked at the Canton Dock
- Washington, D.C. on June 14–16
Cast and characters
- Morgan Spector as Herman Levin, an insurance agent with a promising career, and an opinionated New Deal socialist
- Zoe Kazan as Elizabeth "Bess" Levin, Herman's wife and stay-at-home mother
- Winona Ryder as Evelyn Finkel, Bess's older, unmarried, independently minded sister
- John Turturro as Rabbi Lionel Bengelsdorf, a charismatic leader and supporter of Charles Lindbergh, and Evelyn's lover
- Anthony Boyle as Alvin Levin, Herman's orphaned, young-adult nephew, who lives with him
- Michael Kostroff as Shepsie Tirchwell, Herman's friend, who manages a newsreel theater and discusses politics with Herman
- David Krumholtz as Monty Levin, Herman's older brother, a successful grocery supplier
- Azhy Robertson as Philip Levin, the Levins' 10-year-old son
- Caleb Malis as Sanford "Sandy" Levin, their rebellious teenaged son, who is a talented artist
- Jacob Laval as Seldon Wishnow, a shy and awkward boy who lives in the downstairs section of the house, who is eventually fostered by the Levins
- Ben Cole as Brigadier General Charles Lindbergh, a fictionalized portrayal of Lindbergh, as a xenophobic populist who runs for President on a ticket of opposition to US involvement in the war
- Caroline Kaplan as Anne Morrow Lindbergh
- Billy Carter as Walter Winchell
- Ed Moran as Henry Ford
- Daniel O'Shea as Burton K. Wheeler
- Orest Ludwig as Joachim von Ribbentrop
- Kristen Sieh as Selma Wishnow
- Lee Tergesen as Agent Don McCorkle
- Graydon Yosowitz as Earl Axman, Philip's delinquent school friend
- Steven Maier as Shushy Margulis
- Zach McNally as Billy Murphy
|No.||Title ||Directed by ||Teleplay by ||Original air date ||U.S. viewers|
|1||"Part 1"||Minkie Spiro||Ed Burns & David Simon||March 16, 2020||0.407|
|June 1940. Herman is riled by the anti-war rhetoric of populist aviator hero Charles Lindbergh with its anti-Semitic overtones, but does not take the possibility of his running for the Presidency seriously. Herman is offered a promotion, but this would require them to live in Union where they would likely be the only Jews in the neighborhood. Disgusted by the patrons at a German-themed bar in Union, he decides to decline the offer. Alvin is fired from his job at a local Esso service station for stealing; he tells Sandy he took the blame for a friend. He moves out of the house after an argument with Herman. Bess's older sister Evelyn, who looks after their mother, is having an affair with a married man in New York; it soon becomes clear that he has no intention of divorcing his wife. Philip's friend Earl, whose mother has a scandalous reputation, is a corrupting influence on him. Evelyn and Bess meet Rabbi Bengelsdorf, who is sympathetic to Lindbergh's anti-war message; Evelyn is charmed. Alvin secretly stays with a friend whose father runs a candy store. At night, he and two friends wait outside the German bar in Union and beat up two drunk patrons on their way home, calling them fascists.|
|2||"Part 2"||Minkie Spiro||David Simon & Ed Burns||March 23, 2020||0.395|
|October 1940. Sandy eagerly attends a speech by Lindbergh, with Evelyn and Bengelsdorf present. Evelyn and Bengelsdorf later enter into a relationship, and Evelyn introduces him to her mother. Bengelsdorf assures Evelyn he will attempt to sway her family to his side politically. With Herman's assistance, Alvin takes a job as a driver for a wealthy man named Abe Steinheim, but quickly grows to find him crass and corrupt. To aid her family financially, Bess takes a retail job at an expensive department store, but soon becomes unnerved by the Lindbergh-supporting customers. Philip continues to learn delinquent behavior from Earl, including theft and following strangers around the city. Speaking at a Lindbergh rally, Bengelsdorf lavishly endorses Lindbergh, with Evelyn by his side. Disgusted by Bengelsdorf and the direction of the country, Alvin quits his job and enlists in the Canadian Army. Lindbergh later wins the election and becomes President.|
|3||"Part 3"||Minkie Spiro||Ed Burns||March 30, 2020||0.357|
|May 1941. A few months after Lindbergh's inauguration, anti-Semitic incidents have been rising in the United States. Lindbergh signs a neutrality agreement with Adolf Hitler. He also places Bengelsdorf in charge of a program called "Just Folks," as part of the Office of American Absorption, which temporarily places Jewish boys into rural families to make them "more American"; Evelyn signs up Sandy to participate. Philip begins to have nightmares about Nazis. Meanwhile, Evelyn and Bess's mother's dementia has been worsening. As Bess's concern for her family's safety grows, she places them on a waiting list to potentially emigrate to Canada. The Levins take a trip to Washington, D.C., where they experience anti-Semitism among both citizens and the police. Herman ultimately gives his permission for Sandy to travel to Kentucky as part of Just Folks. Alvin flourishes in Canada's military program, and is recruited by British intelligence to help steal a German radar device. However, he loses his leg in combat.|
|4||"Part 4"||Thomas Schlamme||David Simon & Reena Rexrode||April 6, 2020||0.420|
|September 1941. Bess and Evelyn's mother dies. Herman visits Alvin in the hospital and offers his support, but Alvin has grown aloof and disillusioned. Alvin is questioned by the FBI, after which he is discharged and returns to New Jersey. In a synagogue, Sandy gives a presentation espousing Just Folks, after being designated a 'Recruitment Officer' by Evelyn. When Evelyn and Bengelsdorf join the Levins for Shabbat, Herman clashes with Bengelsdorf's views and upbringing, including his father fighting for the Confederacy. After Bengelsdorf proposes an expansion of Just Folks, Anne Morrow Lindbergh invites him and Evelyn to a state dinner with German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop (as all other Jewish representatives refused). Evelyn also secures an invitation for Sandy, which enrages Herman and Bess, who refuse to let Sandy attend. He responds by calling his parents "ghetto Jews" and "worse than Hitler". Evelyn dances with the German official at the dinner, which appears later on the newsreels. The FBI, meanwhile, has been tracking Alvin after marking him a potential Communist. Earl leaves town to live with his grandmother after his mother is committed to a psychiatric hospital. Seldon's father dies. Philip, overwhelmed by everything happening around him, happily watches a Lindbergh newsreel, much to Herman's exasperation.|
|5||"Part 5"||Thomas Schlamme||Ed Burns||April 13, 2020||0.433|
|April 1942. The Levins are forcibly signed up, by Evelyn, to participate in Homestead 42, Bengelsdorf's Just Folks expansion that relocates entire Jewish families. Bengelsdorf informs Bess that their participation will convince the FBI to take some heat off of Alvin. Philip expresses curiosity and concern about a Ku Klux Klan presence in Kentucky, and angrily asks Evelyn why his neighbor Seldon Wishnow, and Seldon's widowed mother Selma, weren't relocated instead. Misinterpreting this as a desire to be with his friend, Evelyn signs them up as well. Despite FBI threats, Herman intends to sue the OAA, but learns the legal process will take at least a year; instead, he quits his job to avoid the Homestead 42 obligation. Philip is overwhelmed with guilt when he realizes that he was the cause of Seldon's relocation to Kentucky, where he will almost certainly be unhappy. The FBI resumes tailing Alvin. Evelyn and Bengelsdorf marry in an extravagant ceremony unattended by the Levins. Outspoken radio host Walter Winchell escalates his anti-Lindbergh rhetoric; Bengelsdorf quickly gets him fired. Winchell announces a presidential run and Herman attends his rally, but violent Lindbergh supporters attack the attendees as the police stand aside. When Herman returns home bloodied, Bess threatens to leave him and take the children to Canada if he continues his resistance.|
|6||"Part 6"||Thomas Schlamme||David Simon||April 20, 2020||0.392|
|September 1942. Violent anti-Semitic incidents escalate and spread throughout the country. Winchell is assassinated in Louisville. At his funeral, New York Mayor Fiorello la Guardia eulogizes him and denounces Lindbergh. In response, Bengelsdorf urges the First Lady to convince Lindbergh to issue a statement, but Lindbergh's speech is short and lacking substance. Billy Murphy, a fellow veteran from the Canadian Army, visits Alvin and introduces him to a British agent who persuades Alvin to join a secretive anti-fascist group that wants to assassinate Lindbergh; Alvin's radar expertise is needed to track Lindbergh's plane, which vanishes soon after. German radio spreads propaganda of a Jewish conspiracy, claims that are taken up by Acting President Wheeler who declares martial law and orders the arrests of prominent Jews including Bengelsdorf. Concerned by reports from Kentucky, Bess attempts to contact Selma but is only able to reach a distraught Seldon, whose mother hasn't returned home. Herman and Sandy drive to Kentucky to pick up Seldon, where they learn Selma has been murdered by the Ku Klux Klan. They encounter more Klan members on the way back to New Jersey. A terrified Evelyn asks Bess for sanctuary, but Bess tells her to leave and never return. The First Lady issues a statement calling for civic peace, the release of the Jewish detainees, and urges Congress to replace Wheeler and call an emergency Presidential election. Bengelsdorf returns to his synagogue, finding his congregation all but gone. His claims that Lindbergh's presidency and subsequent disappearance were the result of a German blackmail operation are met with skepticism from his colleagues. Alvin visits the Levins with his fiancee, but gets into a fistfight with Herman over Alvin's apparent indifference to national events. In November, the emergency election is marred by government disenfranchisement of Roosevelt voters, and the series ends without the results being revealed.|
Broadcasting and streaming
The miniseries has received critical acclaim. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has an approval rating of 87% with an average rating of 8.26/10, based on 75 reviews. The website's critical consensus reads, "A cautionary tale that hits close to home, The Plot Against America's handsomely realized revisionist history is disturbingly relevant, making it difficult, but essential viewing." On Metacritic, it has a weighted average score of 82 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
Meghan O'Keefe of Decider wrote that it "is a bleak watch, but full of spectacular performances and masterful craftsmanship." Darren Franich of Entertainment Weekly stated that "Simon and Burns craft their story with remarkable texture" and that "the final hour is one of the most breathtakingly tense episodes of television I've ever seen, carrying you on a dark journey through a country on fire."
James Poniewozik wrote in The New York Times that the show was "more than a thought exercise in 'Here’s what might have happened then, and thank God it didn’t.' Instead, it’s: 'Here’s what could happen at any time. Here’s what does happen, all the time. Why should we think we’re so special?'," adding that the novel was "too feel-good" in comparison.
|2020||Primetime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Cinematography for a Limited Series or Movie||Martin Ahlgren (for "Part 1")||Nominated|||
|TCA Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Movies, Miniseries and Specials||The Plot Against America||Nominated|||
|2021||American Society of Cinematographers Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Motion Picture, Miniseries or Pilot Made for Television||Martin Ahlgren (for "Part 6")||Nominated|||
|Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Limited Series||The Plot Against America||Nominated|||
|Best Actor in a Limited Series or TV Movie||Morgan Spector||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or TV Movie||John Turturro||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or TV Movie||Winona Ryder||Nominated|
- Lawrence, Derek (December 19, 2019). "See Winona Ryder, John Turturro in first look at David Simon's The Plot Against America". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
- Andreeva, Nellie (November 8, 2018). "HBO Orders 'The Plot Against America' Miniseries From David Simon & Ed Burns". Deadline Hollywood. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Otterson, Joe (November 8, 2018). "David Simon's 'Plot Against America' Miniseries Lands at HBO With Production Commitment". Variety. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Goldberg, Lesley (November 8, 2018). "David Simon Fascism Drama 'The Plot Against America' a Go at HBO". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Petski, Denise (April 10, 2019). "'The Plot Against America': Winona Ryder, Zoe Kazan, Morgan Spector Among 7 Cast In HBO Miniseries". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- Dessem, Matthew (March 29, 2020). "What's the Deal With the Theme Song for The Plot Against America?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Peter Sagal, David Simon (March 24, 2020). "The Plot Against America Podcast: Part 1 | Episode 1 | HBO" (Podcast). HBO. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Bilmes, Alex (July 11, 2020). "David Simon On Trump, TV And Twitter: "There's Nothing To Do But Have The Fight"". Esquire. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- "David Simon didn't like 'The Plot Against America' when he first read it. Trump's election changed his mind". Haaretz. March 19, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Greene, David; Rezvani, Arezou (March 13, 2020). "In 'Plot Against America,' David Simon Finds Present Day In An Imagined Past". NPR. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Lewis, Hilary (October 12, 2019). "David Simon on Philip Roth "Caution" for 'Plot Against America' Adaptation: "Never Confuse Trump for Lindbergh"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- VanArendonk, Kathryn (April 20, 2020). "David Simon on the End of Plot Against America (and Democracy)". Vulture. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Peter Sagal, David Simon (April 20, 2020). "The Plot Against America Podcast: Part 6 | Episode 6 | HBO" (Podcast). HBO. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- Ebler, Lynn (March 13, 2020). "Author Roth weighed in on 'Plot Against America' TV series". AP News. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- McDonald, Terrence T. (March 8, 2019). "HBO series based on Philip Roth's 'The Plot Against America' to film in Jersey City". NJ.com. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- Kofsky, Jared (April 16, 2019). "HBO Prepares to Film 'The Plot Against America' on Jersey City's MLK Drive". Jersey Digs. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Beckerman, Jim (May 22, 2019). "'The Plot Against America,' filming in Paterson, was a forecast of our future". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
- Kuperinsky, Amy (April 16, 2019). "See Newark go back to the 1940s for 'The Plot Against America' HBO series based on the Philip Roth novel". NJ.com. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- DiBella, Dan (September 12, 2019). "Cranford Chosen for HBO Series - The Plot Against America". Renna Media. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Steves, Ashley (May 23, 2019). "NYC What's Filming: HBO Miniseries 'The Plot Against America,' Starring Winona Ryder". Backstage. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- Davis, Phil (June 13, 2019). "David Simon, creator of 'The Wire,' is filming his next project in Baltimore's Canton neighborhood". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Vitka, Will (June 14, 2019). "HBO's 'Plot Against America' to shut down DC streets this weekend for filming". WTOP. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- Delgadillo, Natalie (June 13, 2019). "An HBO Miniseries Is Filming In D.C. Right Now". DCist. Archived from the original on June 14, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "The Plot Against America – Listings". The Futon Critic. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- "Limited series THE PLOT AGAINST AMERICA debuts March 16". WarnerMedia. January 15, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- "The Plot Against America". Writers Guild of America West. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (March 17, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 3.16.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (March 24, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 3.23.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (March 31, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 3.30.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on April 1, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (April 7, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 4.6.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (April 13, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 4.13.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- Metcalf, Mitch (April 21, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Monday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 4.20.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on April 21, 2020. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- Croot, James (March 15, 2020). "The Plot Against America: The Wire's David Simon's latest slice of television". Stuff. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- "The Plot Against America: Season 1 (2020)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
- "The Plot Against America: Season 1 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
- O'Keefe, Meghan (March 11, 2020). "'The Plot Against America' on HBO Review: Another Bleak, Beautiful Masterpiece from David Simon". Decider. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Franich, Darren (February 18, 2020). "The Plot Against America is a moving, terrifying saga of alt-reality fascism: Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Poniewozik, James (September 1, 2020). "When Democracy Dies in Daylight". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
- "The Plot Against America". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Mitovich, Matt Webb (July 9, 2020). "TCA Awards: Watchmen, Unbelievable and Schitt's Creek Lead Nominations". TVLine. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
- Tapp, Tom (April 18, 2021). "ASC Awards: 'Mank,' 'The Crown,' 'The Mandalorian' Take Top Honors – Full Winners List". Deadline. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
- Schneider, Michael (January 18, 2021). "'Ozark,' 'The Crown' and Netflix Lead 26th Annual Critics' Choice Awards TV Nominations". Variety. Retrieved January 18, 2021.