Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Temporal range:
Lower Cretaceous[1] or Eocene-Recent[2]
A live individual of Red-rimmed melania, Melanoides tuberculata, crawling on the glass of an aquarium
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Thiaridae
Gill, 1871 (1823)
  • Melaniidae Children, 1823[5]
  • Melanoididae Ihering, 1909[6]

Thiaridae, common name thiarids or trumpet snails, is a

superfamily Cerithioidea.[7]


Many species of freshwater snails that are characterized by a turreted shell were originally placed within the genus Melania Lamarck, 1799. This genus as delimited by authors of the late 19th and early 20th century contained hundreds of species, and was successively split into different groupings.[8] Over time, infrageneric groups (subgenera) were elevated to the rank of independent genera and the genus Melania was elevated to the rank of a family, Melanidae.[9]

However, the genus name Melania Lamarck, 1799 was demonstrated to be a junior synonym of the genus name Thiara Röding, 1798. Consequently, the family had to be renamed Thiaridae. Moreover, the Melanidae as traditionally circumscribed were found to be

polyphyletic, containing species from many different groups, which were successively recognized as distinct families, such as the Pachychilidae, Semisulcospiridae, Pleuroceridae, Melanopsidae, and Paludomidae. Therefore, the Thiaridae as currently circumscribed contain fewer species than the Melaniidae.[10]


This family of snails is found worldwide, and are particularly diverse in the tropics and subtropics.[1]


These snails are freshwater inhabitants of temperate and warm zones.[1]

Thiaridae are partly

Many, but not all species are


Genera in the family Thiaridae include:

Subfamily Thiarinae Gill, 1871 (1823)
Not assigned to a subfamily


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Family summary for Thiaridae". AnimalBase, last modified 5 September 2006, accessed 14 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bandel K. & Kowalke T. (1997). "Eocene Melanotarebia n.g. and its relation among modern Thiaridae (Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea)". N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Mh., Stuttgart 11: 683-695, 10 figs. abstract Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. .
  4. .
  5. ^ Children (1823). Quarterly Journal of Science, Literature & Arts 15: 243.
  6. ^ Ihering (1909). Journal de Conchlyliologie 57(4): 296.
  7. ^ MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Thiaridae Gill, 1871 (1823). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2021-07-28
  8. ^ Brot A. (1874-79). Die Melaniaceen (Melanidae) in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Nürnberg, Bauer & Raspe.
  9. ^ Thiele J. (1929). Teil 1. Loricata; Gastropoda: Prosobranchia. Handbuch der Systematischen Weichtierkunde. Jena, Gustav Fischer Verlag. 1: 1-376.
  10. ^ a b Glaubrecht M. (1996). Evolutionsökologie und Systematik am Beispiel von Süß- und Brackwasserschnecken (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea): Ontogenese-Strategien, paläontologische Befunde und historische Zoogeographie. Leiden, Backhuys.
  11. ^
    ISSN 0076-2997
  12. ^ Bouchet, P. (2016). Plotiopsis Brot, 1874. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-11-20

Further reading

  • Glaubrecht M., Brinkmann N. & Pöppe J. (2009). "Diversity and disparity down under: Systematics, biogeography and reproductive modes of the marsupial freshwater Thiaridae (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea) in Australia".

External links

  • Media related to Thiaridae at Wikimedia Commons