Coat of arms of Sweden

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Greater coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
Versions
Version without the ermine mantling
Version without the ermine mantling, the compartment and the supporters
Version consisting of the crowned escutcheon only
The banner of arms, which serves as a royal military command sign. Introduced by royal regulation in 1943, it has only been created once.
Order of Seraphim
Other elementsAll surrounded by ermine mantling, crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseladorned strings Or
Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden
Versions
Version without the Order of the Seraphim
Order of Seraphim
Arms adorning the stern of HSwMS Gustaf V

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges riksvapen) is the arms of dominion of the King of Sweden. It has a greater and a lesser version. The shield displays the "Three Crowns of Sweden" quartering the "Lion of Bjelbo", with an inescutcheon overall of the House of Vasa impaling the House of Bernadotte.

Regulated usage

The usage of the coats of arms is regulated by Swedish Law, Act 1970:498 Archived 2008-05-19 at the Wayback Machine, which states (in unofficial translation) that "in commercial activities, the coats of arms, the flag or other official insignia of Sweden may not be used in a trademark or other insignias for products or services without proper authorisation. This includes any mark or text referring to the Swedish State which this can give the commercial mark a sign of official endorsement. This includes municipal coats of arms which are registered."

Any representation consisting of three crowns ordered two above one are considered to be the lesser coat of arms, and its usage is therefore restricted by law 1970:498.

Variants

The arms of Sweden were first formally codified by law in 1908.[2] This law also formally codifies the differences between the "greater" and "lesser" arms. The present law prescribing the two arms dates from 1982.

Greater version

The greater coat of arms is blazoned in Swedish law as follows:

A shield

purpure mantling doubled ermine, crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseled strings Or.[3]

The greater arms may also be displayed only with the crowned escutcheon. While the arms have undergone significant changes over the years, such as changing the inescutcheon with the ruling dynasty, they are based on arms created by King Charles VIII in 1448.[4]

The escutcheon used in the greater blazon has in total five elements: 4 quarterings on the main escutcheon (two coats of arms duplicated), and three coat of arms incorporated into an escutcheon of pretense. However, Bernadotte never used any stars in the arms of Pontecorvo (neither as Prince of Pontecorvo, nor as King of Sweden and Norway). The stars were introduced as an element in the royal coat of arms in the 19th century,[5] chosen as a symbol of Sweden's eternal existence, as in the poem by Esaias Tegnér:

As long as

Charles's Wain
still turns,
Its golden wheels around the Northern zone,
As long as the land still produces iron and heroes,
Intact shall stand the ancient Swedish throne.

This symbol became especially popular through its allusion to the name that had been borne by so many famous Swedish kings. The Big Dipper, or as it is called in Swedish, Karlavagnen (Charles' Wain), adds a Swedish accent to the Bernadotte dynastic coat of arms much in the same way as do the Vasa arms.[6]


The three crowns

House of Bjelbo

House of Bernadotte
Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte
as Prince of Ponte Corvo
and Marshal of France

(later Charles XIV of Sweden)
Ponte Corvo

The arms are supported by two lions with forked tails (queue fourchée), facing away from the shield and crowned with Royal Crowns. For centuries, the lion has been an important element in Swedish heraldry and especially for the State Coat of Arms. The shield may be surmounted by the Collar of the

Order of Seraphim, the foremost order in Sweden, and the highest honour the Swedish state can bestow on an individual.[7]

Besides being the official national coat of arms, the greater coat of arms is also the personal coat of arms of the king, and as such he can decree its use as a personal coat of arms by other members of the Royal House, with the alterations and additions decided by him.

Blazon: "The greater state arms consist of a head shield azure, quartered by a cross or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House.

In the first and fourth fields three coronets or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown or with armaments gules. The inescutcheon is party per pale the arms for the House of Vasa and the House of Bernadotte. The main shield is crowned by a royal crown and surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. Supported by two lions regardant or crowned, with parted tails and armaments gules, standing on a postament. All surrounded by hermine mantling crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseled strings or."

Lesser version

Arms of Margaret I of Denmark, which includes the three crowns and the house of Bjelbo

The lesser coat of arms is mainly used by the

Swedish police uniforms and in various coats of arms of the Swedish Armed Forces, and is displayed on Sweden's passports and embassies
.

Blazon: "Azure, with three coronets Or, ordered two above one." Crowned with a royal crown. The shield may also be surrounded by the insignias of the Order of the Seraphim."

See also

References

  1. ISSN 0440-6966
    . 0440-6966.
  2. ^ "i (Svensk rikskalender / 1909)". Runeberg.org. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ Original text of Swedish statute 1982:268, 2 §, states: Stora riksvapnet utgörs av en blå huvudsköld, kvadrerad genom ett kors av guld med utböjda armar, samt en hjärtsköld som innehåller det kungliga husets dynastivapen. Huvudsköldens första och fjärde fält innehåller tre öppna kronor av guld, ordnade två över en. Huvudsköldens andra och tredje fält innehåller tre ginbalksvis gående strömmar av silver, överlagda med ett upprest, med öppen krona krönt lejon av guld med röd tunga samt röda tänder och klor. Hjärtskölden är kluven. Första fältet innehåller Vasaättens vapen: ett i blått, silver och rött styckat fält, belagt med en vase av guld. Andra fältet innehåller ätten Bernadottes vapen: i blått fält en ur vatten uppskjutande bro med tre valv och två krenelerade torn, allt av silver, däröver en örn av guld med vänstervänt huvud och sänkta vingar gripande om en åskvigg av guld samt överst Karlavagnens stjärnbild av guld. Huvudskölden är krönt med en kunglig krona och omges av Serafimer ordens insignier. Sköldhållare är två tillbakaseende, med kunglig krona krönta lejon med kluvna svansar samt röda tungor, tänder och klor. Lejonen står på ett postament av guld. Det hela omges av en med kunglig krona krönt hermelinsfodrad vapenmantel av purpur med frans av guld och uppknuten med tofsprydda snören av guld. Stora riksvapnet får brukas även utan ordensinsignier, sköldhållare, postament eller vapenmantel. "Lag (1982:268) om Sveriges riksvapen".
    Sveriges Riksdag. 1982-04-29. Archived from the original
    on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  4. ^ "Stora riksvapnet" (in Swedish). Swedish National Archives. 2011-12-20. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
  5. ^ Berghman, Arvid (1944). Dynastien Bernadottes vapen och det svenska riksvapnet. Skrifter / utgivna av Riksheraldikerämbetet, 99-2298099-1 ; 1 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svensk litteratur.
  6. ^ "The Heraldry Society". Theheraldrysociety.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  7. ^ See sections 2 and 3, Lag No. 268 om Sveriges Riksvapen of 29 April 1982.