Transport in Sweden

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Transportation in Sweden is carried out by car, bus, train, tram, boat or aeroplane.

Railways in Sweden

Rail transport is operated by SJ, DSBFirst, Green Cargo, Vy Tåg and more. Most counties have companies that do ticketing, marketing and financing of local passenger rail, but the actual operation are done by the above-mentioned companies.

  • Total: 11,663 km (includes 3,594 km of privately (in fact county) owned
    ) or 9227 km of national railways
  • standard gauge
    : 11,568 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) gauge (7,531 km electrified and 1,152 km double track) (2008)
  • narrow gauge
    : 65 km of 891 mm (2 ft 11+332 in) gauge (2008)
  • Trains generally keep to the left, as opposed to all neighbouring countries.

Light rail and metros

Stockholm Metro (Stockholms Tunnelbana) is the only metro system in Sweden.

Cities with light rail (trams);

Stockholm previously had a large tram network, but this was discontinued in favour of bus and metro; a revival of the tram network was seen in the construction of Tvärbanan in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Railway links with adjacent countries

Road traffic

Above: Left-hand traffic in Slussen in 1963. Below: Right-hand traffic in Slussen in 2007.

Sweden has right-hand traffic today like all its neighbours.

Sweden had left-hand traffic (Vänstertrafik in

held in 1955.

Nevertheless, in 1963 the Riksdag passed legislation ordering the switch to right-hand traffic. The changeover took place on a Sunday morning at 5am on September 3, 1967, which was known in Swedish as Dagen H (H-Day), the 'H' standing for Högertrafik or right-hand traffic.

Since Swedish cars were left-hand drive, experts had suggested that changing to driving on the right would reduce accidents, because drivers would have a better view of the road ahead. Indeed, fatal car-to-car and car-to-pedestrian accidents did drop sharply as a result. This was likely due to drivers initially being more careful and because of the initially very low speed limits, since accident rates soon returned to nearly the same as earlier.

Total roadways: 572,900 km, as of 2009.


Öresund Bridge to Stockholm, Gothenburg, Uppsala and Uddevalla. The system of motorways is still being extended. The longest continuous motorways are Värnamo-Gävle (E4; 585 km) and Norwegian border - Vellinge (E6; 482 km; as the motorway between Trelleborg and Oslo in Norway
has been completed in 2015).

Ports and harbours

Merchant marine


  • 230 (2012)

Airports with paved runways

(Official figures. A great number of wartime airfields exist with various lengths, usually built into roads, and are usually less than 1000 m long)

    • total: 149
    • over 3,047 m: 3 (Arlanda, Landvetter, Luleå)
    • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
    • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 74
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 23
    • under 914 m: 37 (2012)

Airports with unpaved runways

    • total: 81
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 5
    • under 914 m: 76 (2012)
  • Heliports
    • 2 (2012) (Every hospital, airport and military base has Helipads.)

List of airports


See also


  • CIA World Factbook

External links

Media related to Transport in Sweden at Wikimedia Commons