Raymond James Stadium

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Raymond James Stadium
"Ray Jay" "The New Sombrero"
Raymond James Stadium logo.svg
Raymond James Stadium Aerial.jpg
Raymond James Stadium, 2021
Raymond James Stadium is located in Florida
Raymond James Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
Location in Florida
Raymond James Stadium is located in the United States
Raymond James Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
Location in the United States
Address4201 North Dale Mabry Highway
LocationTampa, Florida
Coordinates27°58′33″N 82°30′12″W / 27.97583°N 82.50333°W / 27.97583; -82.50333Coordinates: 27°58′33″N 82°30′12″W / 27.97583°N 82.50333°W / 27.97583; -82.50333
OwnerHillsborough County
OperatorTampa Sports Authority
Executive suites195
Capacity
  • 65,618 (2016–present) (expandable to 75,000)
  • 65,890 (2013–2015)
  • 65,856 (2008–2012)
  • 65,657 (2001–2007)
  • 66,321 (1998–2000)
Record attendance
  • 74,512 (2017 CFP National Championship Game)
SurfaceTifway 419 Bermuda
Construction
Broke groundOctober 15, 1996
OpenedSeptember 20, 1998
Construction costUS$168.5 million
($268 million in 2020 dollars)[1]
ArchitectWagner Murray Architects
Populous (then HOK Sport)
Structural engineerWalter P Moore
Bliss and Nyitray, Inc.
Services engineerME Engineers
FSC-Inc.[2]
General contractorManhattan Construction, Hunt/Metric Joint Venture[3]
Tenants
Tampa Bay Buccaneers (NFL) (1998–present)
South Florida Bulls (NCAA) (1998–present)
Tampa Bay Mutiny (MLS) (1999–2001)
Outback Bowl (NCAA) (1999–present)
Gasparilla Bowl (NCAA) (2018–present)
Tampa Bay Vipers (XFL) (2020)
Website
raymondjamesstadium.com Edit this at Wikidata

Raymond James Stadium, also known by the nicknames "Ray Jay" and "The New Sombrero", is a multi-purpose stadium located in Tampa, Florida. It is home to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL) as well as the NCAA's South Florida Bulls football team. The stadium seats 65,618, which can be expanded to about 75,000 for special events with the addition of temporary seating. It was built at public expense as a replacement for Tampa Stadium and opened in 1998, and it is known for the replica pirate ship located behind the stands in the north end zone.[4] Raymond James Financial, a financial service firm headquartered in the Tampa Bay area, holds the naming rights for the stadium.

Besides serving as the home field for the Buccaneers and the Bulls, the facility has been the site of three Super Bowls: Super Bowl XXXV in 2001, Super Bowl XLIII in 2009, and Super Bowl LV in 2021, in which the Buccaneers became the first team in NFL history to play and win a Super Bowl on their home field. In college football, Raymond James Stadium is the home of the annual Outback Bowl (since 1999) and Gasparilla Bowl (since 2018), hosted the ACC Championship Game in 2008 and 2009, and was the site of the College Football Playoff National Championship in 2017. Additionally, the stadium has hosted a wide variety of non-football events, including soccer matches, equestrian sports competitions, monster truck shows, and large concerts. Raymond James Stadium was also the site of WrestleMania 37 in April 2021.

History

Financing and construction

Immediately upon purchasing the Buccaneers in 1995, new owner Malcolm Glazer declared that twenty-eight year old Tampa Stadium was inadequate to justify the record $192 million he paid for the NFL franchise and began lobbying local government for a replacement.[5] A few months later, the city of Tampa and Hillsborough County unveiled plans for a $168 million stadium that was to be paid for with a rental car surtax along with fees on items relating to stadium events, such as ticket surcharges and parking fees. However, the Glazer family rejected the plan within hours because it would reduce their revenue, and when local and state government officials did not agree on an alternative taxpayer-financed plan quickly enough for their liking, they threatened to move the Buccaneers elsewhere and were soon meeting with officials from several other cities to explore possible relocation sites.[6][7][8]

In early 1996, the city of Tampa and Hillsborough County proposed the establishment of a "Community Investment Tax", a 30-year half-cent sales tax increase that would pay for various public improvements along with a new stadium for the Bucs. The tax increase would have to be approved in a public referendum, which was scheduled for September.[4] The "Community Investment Tax Stadium" (CITS) proposal was heavily promoted by the team along with several prominent local officials, and as part of intensive public relation campaign, Malcolm Glazer repeatedly promised to pay half the cost of the new stadium if fans put down 50,000 deposits on 10–year season ticket commitments priced at $190 to $2500 per seat.[9][10] Former Tampa mayor Bill Poe sued to halt the referendum, as he claimed that the tax violated the Florida state constitution's ban on public support for private companies. Poe's objections were rejected, and plans for the vote were allowed to proceed.[11]

Public opinion polls indicated that support for the CITS proposal was still limited as election day neared, with the main reasons being a "negative reaction" to the Glazers' tactics and unwillingness to raise taxes to "help" owners who "overpaid" for an NFL team.[12] In response, stadium proponents launched a "media blitz" of television and radio advertisements emphasizing the tax's potential impact on local schools and roads in an attempt to persuade residents who did not want to pay for a football stadium to "hold their nose" and vote yes anyway.[4] On September 3, 1996, the ballot measure passed by a margin of 53% to 47%.[13] After the vote, the season ticket deposit drive fell 17,000 short of its 50,000 goal at the team-imposed deadline, the Buccaneers' offer to pay half of stadium construction costs was withdrawn, and the facility was designed and built entirely at public expense.[10][14][9][15]

Before construction began on the stadium, the Buccaneers and the Tampa Sports Authority signed a lease in which local government paid the vast majority of operating and maintenance expenses while the franchise kept almost all of the proceeds from all events held there.[15][16] Former Tampa mayor Bill Poe went back to court to challenge the legality of the lease, again citing the state's constitutional ban on using tax dollars to enrich a private business in claiming that the "sweetheart deal" should be voided.[9] A local court ruled in Poe's favor, but upon appeal, the Supreme Court of Florida ruled that the lease was constitutional because the stadium provided a "public benefit", and construction continued as planned.[17][9][10][18]

In 1998 a 13-year deal was agreed with Raymond James Financial for naming rights to the stadium.[19] The deal was extended in 2006 and 2016.[20][21]

Opening, further developments

The stadium officially opened on September 20, 1998,[22] when the Buccaneers defeated the Bears, 27–15. The stadium hosted its first Major League Soccer match on March 20, 1999, when the Tampa Bay Mutiny lost to D.C. United 5–2. The Mutiny folded after the 2001 season after facing declining revenue due to declining attendance and the Bucs' lease at Raymond James Stadium. They played their last home match on September 9, 2001—a 2–1 loss to the Columbus Crew.

In April 2003, the Tampa Sports Authority proposed passing ownership of the stadium to Hillsborough County to avoid having to pay millions of dollars in property taxes (the Bucs' lease agreement dictated that they not have to pay property taxes). However, Bucs had a right of refusal and refused to sign off on the plan unless the local government paid more of the cost for gameday security and increased the amount of (county-purchased) insurance coverage for the stadium.[23] The dispute continued for months until December 2003, when the county legally declared the stadium a condominium and took ownership. As part of the change, the Bucs were given ownership of portions of the structure. To win the Bucs' approval, the county agreed to refund the team's resultant property tax payments annually.[24][25]

After a nearly two-year legal battle, the Tampa Sports Authority came to a settlement with popular sports-seating and telescopic platform/bleacher company Hussey Seating of North Berwick, Maine. Following the stadium's opening in 1998, roughly 50,000 Hussey-manufactured seats at Raymond James Stadium began to fade from their original color – a bright, vibrant shade of red – to a shade of washed-out pink. Spotting this obvious defect, the Buccaneers organization pleaded to the TSA to sue the seating manufacturing company for the cost to replace the affected chairs in 2003. Initially, in May 2004, after testing samples of the seats, Hussey Seating did not find any cause for the fading, and thus, found no reason to replace the seats at the company's cost under the current 10–year warranty. After the TSA cited a portion of the warranty which did, in fact, state that Hussey would replace seats if any fading were to occur, Hussey president Tim Hussey admitted an error in the research and eventually would come to a $1.5 million agreement with the TSA to replace the problem seats. Reportedly, the seat-fading occurred due to a manufacturing error by Hussey, as a UV inhibitor – a sunscreen-like component for the plastic – was forgotten in the mixture used to create the seats. All of the problem seats were replaced by new, non–pink seats in the spring of 2006.[citation needed]

In December 2015, the Buccaneers and the Tampa Sports Authority reached an agreement to complete over $100 million in improvements and renovations to the stadium. The negotiations took months, and were extended by Bucs' lawyers demanding additional concessions after an agreement was near in September 2015.[26] In the end, the upgrades were paid with at least $29 million of public money, with the remainder paid for by the Bucs in exchange for the right to play a home game at another site beginning in the 2018 season and other concessions. Renovations began in January 2016, and the first phase was complete in time for the 2016 football season.[27]

Features

The pirate ship at Raymond James Stadium

One of the most recognizable features of the stadium is a 103-foot (31 m), 43-ton steel-and-concrete replica pirate ship in the north end zone, making it stand out from other NFL stadiums.[28] Each time the Buccaneers score points, enter the other team's red zone, or win a home game, the replica cannons on the ship are fired off. The cannons fire once for each point scored. In addition, when the Buccaneers enter their opponent's red zone, stadium hosts hoist team flags around the perimeter of the upper deck. During various times throughout the game, the song "Yo Ho (A Pirate's Life for Me)" is played on the stadium public address system (taken from Pirates of the Caribbean), which signals patrons on board the ship to throw beads, T-shirts, and other free prizes to the people below. The segment is also known as a "Mini Gasparilla" to most fans. An animated parrot sits on the stern of the pirate ship. Controlled by radio and remote control, the parrot picks fans out of the crowd and talks to those passing by.[29] The pirate ship's sails, which for NFL games usually shows Buccaneers logos and sponsors, are often changed to suit the event that it hosts.[28]

The two "Buc Vision" 2,200-square-foot (200 m2) Daktronics video displays were among the largest in the league when they were built. In 2016 they were replaced with 9,600-square-foot (890 m2), HD video boards in both end zones. 'Buccaneer Cove' in the north end zone features a weathered, two–story fishing village facade, housing stadium concessions and restrooms. All areas of the stadium are ADA compliant.

Temporary bleachers were erected in the end zones for Super Bowl XXXV, which set a then-record stadium attendance of 71,921. The stadium attendance record has since been surpassed by the 2017 College Football Playoff National Championship, which also made use of temporary seating.[30] Super Bowl XLIII and Super Bowl LV used temporary seating as well.

In 2003, the corner billboards in the stadium were replaced with rotating trilon billboards and these were replaced in 2016 with new high visibility displays.

Raymond James Stadium boasts the second-best turf in the NFL, according to a 2009 biannual players' survey.[31]

In early 2016, the stadium was given an extensive facelift. The most notable improvement was the replacement of the 2,200-square-foot (200 m2) video displays with state of the art, high visibility 9,600-square-foot (890 m2) video displays in both the north and south end zones along with the addition of a new 2,300-square-foot (210 m2) video tower in each corner. All together, the video displays cover more than 28,000-square-foot (2,600 m2), the third-largest video displays in the NFL. The original sound system and the stadium's luxury boxes were also upgraded.[32]

Panoramic view of Raymond James Stadium from the pirate ship (2009).
Panoramic view of Raymond James Stadium from the pirate ship (2009).

Naming

During construction, the facility was known as Tampa Community Stadium. In June 1998, prior to its opening, the naming rights were bought by St. Petersburg-based Raymond James Financial for $32.5 million in a 13–year agreement.[33] Contract extensions signed in 2006 and 2016 have extended the naming rights deal through 2028.[34]

The stadium is referred to as "Ray Jay" or "The New Sombrero", a spinoff from "The Big Sombrero", the nickname of Tampa Stadium. Somewhat derisively, it has been occasionally referred to as "the CITS", a name coined by long-time local sportscaster Chris Thomas which stands for "Community Investment Tax Stadium", referring to the fact that the stadium was entirely financed by local taxpayers.[35]

Notable events

Overhead view of Raymond James Stadium during the lead-up to Super Bowl LV.

Football

Super Bowl

Raymond James Stadium has hosted the Super Bowl three times: Super Bowl XXXV in 2001, Super Bowl XLIII in 2009, and Super Bowl LV in 2021. In Super Bowl LV, the Buccaneers became the first team in NFL history to play a Super Bowl in their home stadium, which they won 31–9.[36] Like previous Super Bowls, the league treated Super Bowl LV as a neutral site game, with the pirate ship's Buccaneer-logo sails replaced with Super Bowl sails.[28] The league also did not allow the Buccaneers to fire the ship's cannons during the game. The cannons are normally fired after every score by the Bucs and when their offense enters the red zone. The cannons were only fired during player introductions and after the end of the game.[37] The Buccaneers were coincidentally the designated home team for Super Bowl LV, as the home team alternates between the two conferences annually.[38]

Season Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
2000 Super Bowl XXXV January 28, 2001 Baltimore Ravens 34 New York Giants 7 71,921
2008 Super Bowl XLIII February 1, 2009 Pittsburgh Steelers 27 Arizona Cardinals 23 70,774
2020 Super Bowl LV February 7, 2021 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 31 Kansas City Chiefs 9 24,835[a]
  1. ^ Played with limited capacity due to COVID-19

NFL playoffs

The Buccaneers have hosted four playoff games at Raymond James Stadium.

Season Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
1999 NFC Divisional January 15, 2000 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 14 Washington Redskins 13 65,835
2002 NFC Divisional January 12, 2003 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 31 San Francisco 49ers 6 65,599
2005 NFC Wild Card January 7, 2006 Washington Redskins 17 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 10 65,514
2007 NFC Wild Card January 6, 2008 New York Giants 24 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 14 65,621

Tampa Bay Buccaneers regular season games

The three highest-attended Buccaneers regular season home games at Raymond James Stadium are as follows:[39]

Rank Season Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
1 2006 Week 7 October 22, 2006 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 23 Philadelphia Eagles 21 65,808
2 1999 Week 13 (MNF) December 6, 1999 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 24 Minnesota Vikings 17 65,741
3 2006 Week 6 October 15, 2006 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 14 Cincinnati Bengals 13 65,732

USF games

The three highest-attended South Florida Bulls home games at Raymond James Stadium are as follows:[40]

Rank Season Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
1 2012 September 29, 2012 4 Florida State Seminoles 30 South Florida Bulls 17 69,383
2 2007 September 28, 2007 18 South Florida Bulls 21 5 West Virginia Mountaineers 13 67,012
3 2009 November 28, 2009 19 Miami Hurricanes 31 South Florida Bulls 10 66,469

College Football Playoff

In 2017, Raymond James Stadium hosted the College Football Playoff National Championship, where the Clemson Tigers defeated the Alabama Crimson Tide in a rematch of the 2016 championship. With an attendance of 74,512, it was the largest crowd for a football game in stadium history.[41][42]

Season Game Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
2016 College Football Playoff National Championship January 9, 2017 2 Clemson Tigers 35 1 Alabama Crimson Tide 31 74,512

Outback Bowl

The three highest-attended Outback Bowl games that took place at Raymond James Stadium are as follows:

Rank Season Date Winning team Score Losing team Score Attendance
1 2001 January 1, 2002 14 South Carolina Gamecocks 31 22 Ohio State Buckeyes 28 66,249
2 1998 January 1, 1999 22 Penn State Nittany Lions 26 Kentucky Wildcats 14 66,005
3 2005 January 2, 2006 16 Florida Gators 31 25 Iowa Hawkeyes 24 65,881

Soccer

The stadium was home to the former Tampa Bay Mutiny of Major League Soccer and continues to periodically host other soccer matches due to its accommodating field dimensions.

On June 8, 2012, it hosted the United States men's national soccer team's opening qualifying match against Antigua and Barbuda for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, which the United States won 3–1.[43] On October 11, 2018, the Colombia men's national soccer team played against the United States men's national soccer team and won 4–2 to set the current attendance record of 38,361 for a soccer match at this stadium.[44]

The stadium hosted a 2021 CONCACAF Champions League match between Toronto FC and Cruz Azul.[45]

Men's international matches

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
March 25, 2007  United States 3–1  Ecuador Friendly 31,547
February 24, 2010  United States 2–1  El Salvador Friendly 21,737
June 11, 2011  Canada 1–0  Guadeloupe 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup 27,731
 Panama 2–1  United States
June 8, 2012  United States 3–1  Antigua and Barbuda 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification 23,971
June 2, 2014  Japan 3–1  Costa Rica Friendly 7,106
June 6, 2014  Japan 4–3  Zambia Friendly 7,275
July 12, 2017  Panama 2–1  Nicaragua 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup 23,368
 United States 3–2  Martinique
October 11, 2018  Colombia 4–2  United States Friendly 38,631
September 10, 2019  Colombia 0–0  Venezuela Friendly 16,590

Women's international matches

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
March 3, 2016  United States 1–0  England 2016 SheBelieves Cup 13,027
March 5, 2019  United States 1–0  Brazil 2019 SheBelieves Cup 14,009

Professional wrestling

WWE planned to host WrestleMania 36—the 2020 edition of its flagship professional wrestling pay-per-view—at Raymond James Stadium on April 5. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, WWE subsequently filmed it at its training facility in Orlando instead, behind closed doors with no audience and only essential staff present.[46][47] In January 2021, WWE announced that WrestleMania 37 (which was originally announced as being hosted by SoFi Stadium in Inglewood, California) would be hosted by Raymond James Stadium on April 10 and 11, 2021. The event had a reported attendance of 25,675 each night, a combined total of 51,350 spectators on both nights, a sellout reported by the company. The show marked the first time in over a year where the company last hosted a show with fans since March 11, 2020.[48]

Concerts

Raymond James Stadium has hosted several large scale concerts, with the largest attendance (72,000) coming at a show by U2 in 2009.[49]

See also

References

  1. ^ 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Sports Facilities - FSC-Inc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 4, 2012.
  3. ^ "Raymond James Stadium". Ballparks.com.
  4. ^ a b c Corder, David (September 7, 1998). "Political plays scored a new stadium". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  5. ^ "Bucs Stay in Tampa With a Big Price Tag". Milwaukee Journal. January 17, 1995. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  6. ^ Williams, Chareen (December 7, 1995). "Tampa Still Hopeful Bucs Will Stay Put". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  7. ^ "Buccaneers reportedly discuss move to Cleveland". UPI. January 17, 1996. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  8. ^ "Professional sports franchise relocation : Antitrust implications". United States Congress Committee of the Judiciary, House of Representatives. United States General Printing Office. One Hundredth Fourth Congress. 1996.
  9. ^ a b c d Testerman, Jeff (August 31, 2005). "Stadium tax helped pay for Bucs' success". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c Harry, Chris (July 24, 2005). "Fantastic Voyage". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  11. ^ Martin, John (August 31, 2005). "The Bucs, the stadium and the tax". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  12. ^ Williams, Charean (September 3, 1996). "TAX VOTE COULD SEND BUCS PACKING". Orlando Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  13. ^ Washington, Wayne (September 18, 1998). "Stadium Rose Despite Challenges". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  14. ^ Henderson, Joe (September 28, 1995). "Chipping In: Malcolm Glazer Says He'll Pay "About Half" the Cost of a New Stadium As a Seat-Deposit Plan Is Unveiled". The Tampa Tribune. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Testerman, Jeff (January 25, 2001). "Super Bowl 2001: We Paid for It; It Paid Off". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  16. ^ "In Pictures: The Most Valuable NFL Teams". Forbes.com. September 12, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  17. ^ Canning, Michael (September 29, 2001). "Former Mayor's Opinion of Stadium Hasn't Changed". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  18. ^ "WILLIAM F. POE, SR. v. HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, CITY OF TAMPA, FLORIDA, and TAMPA SPORTS AUTHORITY" (PDF). Thirteenth Judicial Circuit, Hillsborough County, Florida. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  19. ^ "Bucs' New Stadium Gets A Name". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  20. ^ "The Name Remains: It's Raymond James Stadium". www.buccaneers.com. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  21. ^ "Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Raymond James extend stadium naming-rights agreement to 2027". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ Varian, Bill (April 18, 2003). "Tampabay: Tax Bill Swells as Bucs Stall". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  24. ^ Varian, Bill (March 6, 2003). "Hillsborough: Hillsborough Votes Yes on Plan to Own Stadium". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  25. ^ Varian, Bill (December 18, 2003). "Hillsborough: County Act Ends Tax on Stadium". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  26. ^ Contorno, Steve (October 1, 2015). "How the Raymond James Stadium negotiations between the Buccaneers and the Tampa Sports Authority broke down". Tampa Tribune / tbo.com. Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  27. ^ Pransky, Noah (December 3, 2015). "Bucs strike deal with county on stadium renovations". USA Today / WTSP. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  28. ^ a b c "The Star of Super Bowl LV Will be the Buccaneers' Massive Pirate Ship". February 4, 2021.
  29. ^ "Raymond James Stadium | Stadium Facts". Raymondjames.com. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  30. ^ "College Football National Championship Seating Chart 2017". Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  31. ^ "Top Turf in the NFL? Cards Best, Steelers Worst". ESPN.com. January 29, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2012.
  32. ^ "Raymond James Stadium gets $140M Makeover". ESPN.com. August 28, 2016.
  33. ^ "Bucs' New Stadium Gets A Name, New name is 'The Raymond James Stadium'". CBS News. December 13, 1999. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  34. ^ "Raymond James Stadium Naming Rights Through 2028". buccaneers.com. August 28, 2016.
  35. ^ Deggans, Eric (February 20, 2004). "Chris Thomas Touched Us All". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  36. ^ "Buccaneers became the first team to play in Super Bowl at home stadium". NFL.com. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  37. ^ Werner, Barry (February 2, 2021). "Super Bowl 55 will not feature the Tampa Bay Buccaneers' signature cannons at Raymond James Stadium". USA Today. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  38. ^ Warner, Ralph (January 16, 2018). "Vikings would be the "away" team in Super Bowl LII". National Football League. Retrieved January 24, 2018. The AFC and NFC alternate between who is the home team and away team each year, regardless of the stadium they play in.
  39. ^ "Tampa Bay Buccaneers 2021 Media Guide". p. 412. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  40. ^ "2020 USF FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE (PDF)" (PDF). USF Athletics. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  41. ^ "College Football Playoff: Deshaun Watson, Clemson get revenge in rematch with Alabama". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  42. ^ Johnson, Richard (January 1, 2017). "Bama-Clemson is college football's first-ever true title rematch". SBNation.com. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  43. ^ Godfrey, John (June 9, 2012). "A World Cup Qualifying Victory Lacks Quality for the U.S". The New York Times.
  44. ^ Carnevale, Scott (October 11, 2018). "USMNT Shows Fight But Falls 4-2 to Colombia". The Mane Land. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  45. ^ "Toronto FC vs Cruz Azul - CONCACAF Champions League - Quarter-Final stats, H2H, lineups". FotMob. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
  46. ^ "How WWE Pulled Off WrestleMania 36 Without Fans and What It Means for Its Business and Future". The Hollywood Reporter. April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  47. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (March 16, 2020). "WrestleMania To Stream Live Without Audience Due To Coronavirus Outbreak". Deadline. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  48. ^ Otterson, Joe (January 16, 2021). "WWE Moves WrestleMania 37 to Tampa Bay, Sets Dallas and LA for 38, 39". Variety. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  49. ^ O'Reilly, Sean (January 9, 2017). "U2 to play Tampa's Raymond James Stadium on June 14th on 'The Joshua Tree 2017' summer tour".

External links

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Home of the
Tampa Bay Buccaneers

1998 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Home of the
College Football Playoff National Championship

2017
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Host of the
ACC Championship Game

2008–2009
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Home of the
Tampa Bay Mutiny

1999 – 2001
Succeeded by
last stadium
Preceded by
Host of the Super Bowl
XXXV 2001
XLIII 2009
LV 2021
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Host of WrestleMania
2021 (37)
Succeeded by