COVID-19 pandemic death rates by country

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article contains the current number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per population by country. It also has cumulative death totals by country. For these numbers over time see the tables, graphs, and maps at COVID-19 pandemic deaths and COVID-19 pandemic by country and territory.

This data is for entire populations, and does not reflect the differences in rates relative to different age groups. For example, in the United States as of 27 April 2021, the reported case fatality ratios are 0.015%, 0.15%, 2.3%, and 17% for the age groups 0–17, 18–49, 50–74, and 75 or over, respectively.[1]

Data reliability

Variation between testing programmes worldwide results in different ascertainment rates per country: not every SARS-CoV-2 infection, nor every COVID-19-related death, will be identified, while on the other hand some deaths may be wrongly attributed to COVID (for example if all suspected COVID deaths are counted as Covid deaths, as Belgium was doing in September 2020, or when for several months after April 2020, England reported all deaths after a positive COVID-19 test "in order to be sure not to underestimate the number of COVID-19 related deaths", while Scotland reported all deaths within 28 days of such a positive test).[2][3] Therefore, the true numbers of infections and deaths[clarification needed] will exceed the observed (confirmed) numbers everywhere, though the extent will vary by country.[4] These statistics are therefore less suitable for between-country comparisons. As deaths are easier to identify than infections (which are regularly asymptomatic), the true case fatality rate (CFR) is likely lower than the observed CFR.

Causes of variation in true CFRs between countries, include variations in age and overall health of the population, medical care, and classification of deaths.[5]

Excess mortality statistics provide a more reliable estimate of all COVID-19-related mortality during the pandemic, though they include both "direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths".[6] They compare overall mortality with that of previous years, and as such also include the potentially vast number of deaths among people with unconfirmed COVID-19. Data from Russia illustrates how the true death rates from COVID-19 can be far higher than visible from confirmed COVID-19 deaths: in December 2020, based on overall excess mortality during the year, total COVID-19 deaths in Russia were estimated to be over 186,000,[7] while confirmed COVID-19 deaths were at 56,271.[8] For the Netherlands, based on overall excess mortality, an estimated 20,000 people died from COVID-19 in 2020,[9] while only the death of 11,525 identified COVID-19 cases was registered.[8] The official count of COVID-19 deaths as of December 2021 is slightly more than 5.4 million, according to World Health Organization's report in May 2022. WHO also said that the real numbers are far higher than the official tally because of unregistered deaths in countries without adequate reporting.[10]

Table of total cases, deaths, and death rates by country

Note: Table is automatically updated daily.[note 1] Data source is Our World in Data.[note 2][note 3]

Updated June 27, 2022.
COVID-19 pandemic cases and mortality by country[11]
Country Deaths / million Deaths Cases
World[a] 803 6,329,049 543,602,146
Peru 6,398 213,447 3,613,464
Bulgaria 5,400 37,246 1,170,091
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,841 15,799 378,413
Hungary 4,839 46,626 1,925,083
North Macedonia 4,476 9,322 313,360
Montenegro 4,337 2,724 239,458
Georgia 4,231 16,839 1,659,371
Croatia 3,932 16,050 1,145,490
Czech Republic 3,758 40,313 3,929,153
Slovakia 3,696 20,142 2,548,819
Romania 3,436 65,726 2,915,487
Lithuania 3,406 9,163 1,159,506
San Marino 3,381 115 17,719
Slovenia 3,198 6,648 1,034,172
Latvia 3,136 5,855 832,884
Brazil 3,132 670,229 32,023,166
Gibraltar 3,086 104 19,306
Poland 3,080 116,417 6,013,076
United States 3,051 1,015,938 86,967,639
Chile 3,040 58,416 3,959,325
Greece 2,909 30,178 3,616,874
Armenia 2,907 8,629 423,104
Moldova 2,873 11,563 519,741
Trinidad and Tobago 2,851 4,002 166,712
Argentina 2,830 129,070 9,367,172
Italy 2,784 168,102 18,234,242
Belgium 2,740 31,883 4,211,511
Colombia 2,730 139,970 6,151,354
United Kingdom 2,640 180,105 22,671,160
Paraguay 2,626 18,963 655,532
Ukraine 2,587 112,459 5,040,518
Russia 2,557 373,189 18,150,010
Mexico 2,499 325,580 5,962,615
European Union[b] 2,464 1,102,056 147,290,542
Tunisia 2,402 28,670 1,046,703
Portugal 2,361 24,013 5,120,970
Serbia 2,346 16,121 2,026,045
Spain 2,306 107,799 12,681,820
French Polynesia 2,297 649 73,234
Suriname 2,296 1,359 80,817
Bermuda 2,222 138 15,957
Liechtenstein 2,221 85 17,814
France 2,215 149,386 30,574,230
Austria 2,213 20,015 4,400,566
Uruguay 2,098 7,312 951,948
British Virgin Islands 2,070 63 6,941
Aruba 2,061 221 40,595
Saint Lucia 2,060 380 26,937
Bahamas 2,058 817 35,835
Grenada 2,052 232 18,270
Ecuador 1,995 35,705 901,739
Andorra 1,977 153 43,774
Estonia 1,952 2,588 579,316
Panama 1,905 8,347 915,057
Sweden 1,879 19,093 2,515,769
Bolivia 1,855 21,953 921,104
Kosovo 1,761 3,140 228,673
Luxembourg 1,713 1,088 258,467
South Africa 1,694 101,731 3,992,449
Seychelles 1,688 167 44,669
Curaçao 1,686 278 44,440
Germany 1,677 140,734 27,771,911
Belize 1,676 679 63,037
Iran 1,662 141,385 7,236,361
Costa Rica 1,658 8,525 904,934
Barbados 1,644 473 83,776
Montserrat 1,606 8 1,016
Switzerland 1,585 13,822 3,726,615
Guyana 1,582 1,251 67,099
Namibia 1,569 4,061 169,076
Lebanon 1,545 10,461 1,108,213
Republic of Ireland 1,498 7,469 1,587,385
Monaco 1,442 57 12,808
Malta 1,433 740 101,036
Antigua and Barbuda 1,428 141 8,625
Caribbean Netherlands 1,399 37 10,320
Jordan 1,369 14,068 1,698,316
Netherlands 1,306 22,440 8,163,222
Isle of Man 1,264 108 33,821
Hong Kong 1,244 9,398 1,237,877
Albania 1,217 3,497 279,077
Eswatini 1,206 1,415 73,073
Cyprus 1,196 1,072 504,717
Israel 1,177 10,940 4,301,600
Turkey 1,164 98,996 15,085,742
Botswana 1,134 2,719 318,528
Denmark 1,107 6,438 3,161,148
Canada 1,100 41,878 3,941,185
Malaysia 1,090 35,746 4,556,664
New Caledonia 1,085 313 63,515
Palestine 1,083 5,660 658,503
Honduras 1,083 10,904 426,490
Jamaica 1,048 3,119 142,440
Guatemala 1,013 18,497 896,850
Kazakhstan 1,001 19,018 1,395,466
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 997 111 9,026
Fiji 958 865 65,465
Azerbaijan 950 9,717 793,164
Dominica 928 67 14,821
Libya 924 6,430 502,110
Turks and Caicos Islands 917 36 6,211
Oman 886 4,628 390,244
Finland 870 4,832 1,133,597
Bahrain 853 1,492 618,498
Saint Kitts and Nevis 803 43 5,941
Mauritius 786 1,002 229,479
Sri Lanka 768 16,521 664,080
Cuba 753 8,529 1,105,924
Belarus 738 6,978 982,867
Cabo Verde 717 403 59,416
Mongolia 654 2,179 926,282
El Salvador 634 4,139 169,646
Wallis and Futuna 630 7 454
Iraq 612 25,231 2,339,148
Norway 600 3,280 1,444,193
Anguilla 595 9 3,411
Kuwait 590 2,555 641,985
Faroe Islands 570 28 34,658
Indonesia 567 156,717 6,080,451
Maldives 551 300 180,384
Philippines 544 60,518 3,700,876
Brunei 509 225 159,591
South Korea 478 24,525 18,329,448
Kyrgyzstan 451 2,991 201,024
Vietnam 438 43,084 10,743,448
Thailand 437 30,592 4,514,155
Morocco 431 16,101 1,204,578
Cayman Islands 421 28 27,171
Iceland 414 153 192,991
Nepal 402 11,952 979,533
Dominican Republic 400 4,383 603,256
India 376 525,020 43,407,046
Australia 376 9,705 8,026,309
Greenland 369 21 11,971
Zimbabwe 367 5,549 255,355
Myanmar 354 19,434 613,556
Palau 330 6 5,201
Sao Tome and Principe 326 73 6,023
Lesotho 323 699 33,938
New Zealand 277 1,421 1,314,145
Taiwan 262 6,254 3,613,345
Saudi Arabia 260 9,201 791,784
Singapore 258 1,408 1,408,358
Japan 246 31,125 9,241,386
Egypt 237 24,722 515,645
Qatar 231 679 379,862
United Arab Emirates 231 2,311 938,759
Solomon Islands 217 153 21,544
Zambia 211 4,003 325,110
Mauritania 205 982 59,451
Venezuela 199 5,729 525,782
Afghanistan 193 7,717 182,149
Djibouti 188 189 15,690
Cambodia 180 3,056 136,262
Comoros 180 160 8,136
Bangladesh 175 29,140 1,965,173
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 173 1 2,767
Syria 172 3,150 55,920
Algeria 154 6,875 266,038
Gambia 146 365 12,002
Samoa 144 29 14,812
Pakistan 134 30,390 1,534,270
Malawi 134 2,645 86,348
Gabon 133 305 47,824
Equatorial Guinea 126 183 15,995
Senegal 114 1,968 86,280
Tonga 112 12 12,079
Sudan 110 4,951 62,551
Rwanda 109 1,459 130,819
Kiribati 107 13 3,236
Kenya 102 5,652 332,227
Laos 102 757 210,247
Timor-Leste 98 133 22,950
Guinea-Bissau 84 171 8,348
Somalia 83 1,361 26,748
Uganda 76 3,621 167,452
Papua New Guinea 72 662 44,702
Haiti 72 837 31,301
Cameroon 70 1,930 120,002
Yemen 70 2,149 11,824
Mozambique 68 2,212 227,644
Republic of the Congo 68 385 24,128
Ethiopia 63 7,530 487,430
Cook Islands 56 1 5,768
Liberia 56 294 7,493
Angola 55 1,900 99,761
Madagascar 49 1,398 65,381
Uzbekistan 48 1,637 240,345
Ghana 45 1,448 164,843
Vanuatu 44 14 11,173
Nicaragua 35 241 14,619
Mali 35 737 31,156
Guinea 32 442 36,817
Togo 32 275 37,348
Ivory Coast 29 805 83,049
Eritrea 28 103 9,788
Bhutan 26 21 59,674
Central African Republic 22 113 14,649
Burkina Faso 18 387 21,044
Sierra Leone 15 125 7,694
Nigeria 14 3,144 256,958
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 1,371 91,082
Tanzania 13 841 35,366
Benin 13 163 27,122
Tajikistan 12 125 17,786
Niger 12 310 9,031
South Sudan 12 138 17,697
Chad 11 193 7,424
China[c] 3 5,226 888,227
Burundi 3 38 42,542
North Korea 0 6 1
Falkland Islands 1,807
Vatican City 0 29
Federated States of Micronesia 0 38
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 4
Macau 129
Marshall Islands 18
  1. ^ Countries which do not report data for a column are not included in that column's world total.
  2. ^ Data on member states of the European Union are individually listed, but are also summed here for convenience. They are not double-counted in world totals.
  3. ^ Does not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau) or Taiwan.


Map of death rates

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people by country:[12][note 3][note 4]

See date of latest upload at Commons source
.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The table this note applies to is updated daily by a bot. For more info see Template:COVID-19 data/Cite.
  2. ^ Our World in Data (OWID). See Coronavirus Source Data for OWID sourcing info. Excerpt: "Deaths and cases: our data source. Our World in Data relies on data from Johns Hopkins University. ... JHU updates its data multiple times each day. This data is sourced from governments, national and subnational agencies across the world — a full list of data sources for each country is published on Johns Hopkins GitHub site. It also makes its data publicly available there."
  3. ^ a b "CSSEGISandData/COVID-19". GitHub. COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The CSV files are downloaded via the "Raw" links. The "Raw" link doesn't show up until you click the csv file link. This opens into a GitHub page with the data and the "Raw" link. See How to Use our Data for more info and links. See: Pandemic Data Initiative. See more sourcing history and info.
  4. ^ Our World in Data (OWID) maps and graphs on cases and deaths. Click on the download tab to download the image. The table tab has a table of the exact data by country. The source tab says the data is from the COVID-19 Data Repository by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University. The image at the source is interactive and provides more detail. For example, for maps run your cursor over the color bar legend to see the countries that apply to that point in the legend. For graphs run your cursor over the graph for more info. See Coronavirus Source Data for more OWID sourcing info.

References

  1. ^ "Demographic Trends of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the US reported to CDC". 2021-04-27.
  2. ^ John Newton (12 August 2020). "Behind the headlines: Counting COVID-19 deaths". UK Health Security Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Russia's case definition for a COVID-19 death, for example, relies solely on results from autopsy, unlike most European countries.6 Death must have been due directly to COVID-19, so it is not counted if a patient was found to have COVID-19 but it did not cause their death.6,7 This will lead to significant underreporting, especially as Russia has one of the highest numbers of COVID-19 cases worldwide and yet has a case fatality rate of only 1.7% as of 31 July 2020.3 Spain's definition requires a positive polymerase chain reaction or antibody test for COVID-19, with only hospital deaths included in the death count despite a significant number of deaths from COVID-19 in the community and care homes.8,9 Belgium, by contrast, has one of the broadest definitions for a COVID-19 death, including all suspected cases. Care home deaths in Belgium account for around half of all excess deaths, but only 26% of care home deaths were confirmed (rather than suspected) COVID-19,10 leading to possible overcounting relative to other countries.11
  4. ^ Verity, Robert (March 30, 2020). "Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis". The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. 20 (6): 669–677. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30243-7. PMC 7158570. PMID 32240634.
  5. ^ Aravindan, John Geddie (18 September 2020). "Why is Singapore's COVID-19 death rate the world's lowest". Reuters.
  6. ^ Beaney, Thomas; Clarke, Jonathan M; Jain, Vageesh; Golestaneh, Amelia Kataria; Lyons, Gemma; Salman, David; Majeed, Azeem (2020). "Excess mortality: the gold standard in measuring the impact of COVID-19 worldwide?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 113 (9): 329–334. doi:10.1177/0141076820956802. ISSN 0141-0768. PMC 7488823. PMID 32910871. Under the assumption that the incidence of other diseases remains steady over time, then excess deaths can be viewed as those caused both directly and indirectly by COVID-19 and gives a summary measure of the 'whole system' impact. ... Despite this, when seeking to understand the full impact of deaths due to COVID-19 and explain why excess deaths vary, there is a need to distinguish the component parts – of direct COVID-19 and indirect, non-COVID-19 deaths.
  7. ^ Agence France-Presse (December 28, 2020). "Russia admits to world's third-worst Covid-19 death toll". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "COVID-19 Data Explorer". Our World in Data.
  9. ^ "CBS: afgelopen jaar ruim 20.000 coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch).
  10. ^ Rigby, Jennifer (2022-05-05). "Almost three times as many died as a result of COVID than officially reported - WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  11. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2021). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-06-27.
  12. ^ World map of cumulative confirmed COVID-19 deaths per million people. From Our World in Data.

External links