COVID-19 vaccination in Moldova
|Date||2 March 2021 − ongoing|
|Cause||COVID-19 pandemic in Moldova|
|Organised by||Government of Moldova|
|Participants||266,238 people vaccinated with at least one dose (24 May 2021)|
40,372 people fully vaccinated (24 May 2021)
COVID-19 vaccination in Moldova started on 2 March 2021. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Moldova was very reliant on external help from other countries, having received donations of vaccines from Romania, the United Arab Emirates, Russia and China. In fact, Moldova's vaccination campaign started due to a donation from Romania on 27 February 2021 composed of 21,600 Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine doses, with the first vaccinated person in the country being Alexandru Botizatu. Romania had promised earlier, on 29 December 2020, that it would help Moldova with a collaboration project which would include 200,000 vaccine doses to help Moldova combat the pandemic, but also other matters of the country. Romania subsequently made more donations on 27 March 2021 with 50,400 vaccine units; on 17 April 2021 with 132,000 vaccine doses, fulfilling its promise to Moldova; and on 7 May 2021 with 100,800 vaccine units even though this surpassed the promised 200,000 vaccine doses.
However, Moldova also received help from other countries and organizations. On 5 March 2021, the country received 14,400 vaccine doses through COVAX, an international program with the aim of helping poor countries that could not afford many vaccines at the time. Moldova later received 2,000 vaccine units from the United Arab Emirates on 13 March 2021; 71,000 vaccine doses twice on 24 April 2021 and on 30 April 2021 from Russia, a country that promised Moldova a total of 182,000 vaccine units; and 150,000 vaccine doses on 27 April 2021 from China. Moldova also bought other 100,000 of them from the same country, which were also received on 27 April 2021, and has negotiated with several vaccine producers to be able to provide help to its population. Additionally, the World Bank approved funds for helping Moldova with its vaccination programme. The unrecognized state of Transnistria, part of Moldova by international law, has also benefited from donations made to Moldova, having received vaccine units from both Romania and Russia.
The first vaccines administered in Moldova, belonging to the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, came from a donation of 21,600 of them made on 27 February 2021 from Romania. The country had announced during a visit on 29 December 2020 by the Romanian President Klaus Iohannis with the Moldovan President Maia Sandu in Chișinău, the Moldovan capital, that it would give a total of 200,000 vaccine units to Moldova as part of a collaboration project on matters of the COVID-19 pandemic and other topics between both countries.
On the day the Romanian vaccines were received, some 750 Moldovan doctors in COVID-19 hospitals were given it. The first person in the country to receive a vaccine was Alexandru Botizatu, a member of the medical staff of the Timofei Moșneaga Republican Clinical Hospital at Chișinău, at 10:00 am. Some 240 doses were to be used in the autonomous region of Gagauzia, but this traditionally pro-Russian region rejected the vaccines, declaring that it preferred to use the Pfizer–BioNTech or the Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccines, the latter being from Russia and without authorization for its use in Moldova. This act was severely criticized by Moldovan health experts.
On 5 March 2021, Moldova received 14,400 Oxford–AstraZeneca vaccine doses through the COVAX program, which aims to equip poor countries with COVID-19 vaccine units. Moldova was the first country in Europe to receive vaccine doses through COVAX. Through this process, Moldova has already secured vaccine units for some 1.7 million people, roughly half of its population. Some of these are supposed to arrive in the second half of March, belonging to the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Moldova also donated 1,810 vaccines from the Romanian donation to the authorities of the unrecognized state of Transnistria (internationally recognized as part of Moldova) to help them in the country's vaccination process on the same day. Initially, the Transnistrian President Vadim Krasnoselsky said that the vaccines donated by Moldova "were from the humanitarian aid along the lines of the WHO (World Health Organization)" and not from Romania. However, Krasnoselsky later rectified and said that the vaccines came from Romania, thanking the Romanian state for the help.
On 13 March 2021, after a call for help to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan by the interim Prime Minister of Moldova Aureliu Ciocoi, it was announced that the UAE had donated 2,000 units of Sinopharm's COVID-19 vaccine to Moldova. Later, on 27 March 2021, Romania sent a new batch composed of 50,400 vaccine units to Moldova. The Prime Minister of Romania, Florin Cîțu, reconfirmed Romania's intentions to fulfill its promise to send Moldova 200,000 vaccine doses in total.
On 7 April 2021, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of Moldova was informed of Russia's intention of donating 182,000 Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine doses to Moldova, of which 62,000 would go to Transnistria. Two days later, on 9 April 2021, the same ministry announced negotiations were being made with a Chinese company, the only one that answered to offers of the ministry for buying vaccines, to acquire 400,000 units of the CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccine. Furthermore, on 17 April 2021, Romania sent another 132,000 vaccine units to Moldova, fulfilling the promise made to the country. This was the largest out of all these vaccine donations made by Romania to Moldova to date. On 22 April 2021, Li Zhanshu, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, sent a letter to the President of the Moldovan Parliament Zinaida Greceanîi announcing China's intention to donate 150,000 COVID-19 vaccine units to Moldova, something which had been rumoured to happen since 16 April 2021.
On 24 April 2021, the first batch of Russian vaccines arrived to Moldova. Some of them would be given to Gagauzia, which had declared it rejected all vaccines other than Pfizer–BioNTech and Sputnik V for use in the region. The former President of Moldova Igor Dodon said that 142,000 vaccine doses had been given. However, it was announced they were only 71,000, and Dodon was accused with intentionally inflating the amount of vaccines received by Moldova from Russia. Russia also delivered 31,000 of the 71,000 vaccine doses to Transnistria directly, without giving them first to the Moldovan authorities as had been made previously with Romania's and the COVAX programme's donations to the country. Russia was also accused with having gifted Moldova rejected vaccines that were supposed to be given to Slovakia. Later, China's promised Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine doses, together with other bought 100,000 doses of the same vaccine, arrived on 27 April 2021 to Moldova. There was a donation ceremony between Greceanîi, the State Secretary of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection of Moldova Igor Curov and the Chinese ambassador to Moldova Zhang Yinghong in which the good relationship between China and Moldova was reaffirmed. On the same day, the World Bank approved a total of 24.8 million euros in funds to help Moldova acquire more vaccine units and deploy them to up to 50% of its citizens. On 30 April 2021, a second batch of 71,000 Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine doses from Russia arrived to Moldova and a donation ceremony with the participation of Greceanîi and Dodon was made. The latter said that another 40,000 doses from Russia would come in the following weeks and that he would get vaccinated with the Russian vaccine.
Vaccination with Sputnik V officially started in Moldova on 4 May 2021. A day later, on 5 May 2021, Curov said negotiations were being conducted with the producers of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine to buy some 700,000 vaccine units from them. He also said that offers to other vaccine producers had been made and that another donation from the COVAX program was expected to arrive in May. On the same day, the aforementioned ministry said Moldova had received 684,970 COVID-19 vaccine units, of which 151,145 had been used by then.
On 7 May 2021, Romania decided to continue helping Moldova by sending to the country once again 100,800 Oxford–AstraZeneca vaccine units, promising that more would follow some time after. They arrived on 8 May 2021 via the European Union's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations. Sandu had previously said she would only get vaccinated when it was sure there would be enough vaccines for the Moldovan population, which she did after hearing this novelty from Romania. She also encouraged other citizens who had not yet gotten vaccinated to do so and said that Romania would offer to sell up to 200,000 vaccines a month to Moldova, something confirmed by Cîțu. Additionally, he also said Romania was preparing to donate some 100,000 vaccines to Ukraine.
On 11 June 2021, Romania donated 100,800 vaccine doses produced by AstraZeneca.
As of 17 March 2021, at 16:30 EET, 17,578 had been vaccinated in Moldova. Time later, on 26 March 2021, at 17:30 EET, 33,885 people had been vaccinated. On 23 April 2021, the milestone of 100,000 vaccinated people was achieved.
- Marina, Georgiana (27 February 2021). "România trimite Republicii Moldova primele 21.000 de doze de vaccin AstraZeneca". Digi24 (in Romanian).
- Pirv, Cosmin (29 December 2020). "Președintele Iohannis: România va furniza până la 200.000 de doze de vaccin Republicii Moldova". Mediafax (in Romanian).
- "Klaus Iohannis: România va furniza Moldovei până la 200.000 doze vaccin anti-Covid / Maia Sandu: Mă bucur foarte mult să vă găzduiesc aici, la Chișinău, după mulți ani de îngheț / Ați fost alături de noi și la bine, și la greu". HotNews (in Romanian). 29 December 2020.
- Călugăreanu, Vitalie (29 December 2020). "România anunță un nou pachet de sprijin pentru Republica Moldova". Deutsche Welle (in Romanian).
- Călugăreanu, Vitalie (3 March 2021). ""Politicienii care promovează geopolitica vaccinurilor sunt ucigași cu acte în regulă"". Deutsche Welle (in Romanian).
- "El este primul medic care s-a vaccinat în Moldova împotriva Covid-19". Pro TV (in Romanian). 2 March 2021.
- "Moldova becomes first European country to receive COVID-19 vaccines under COVAX scheme". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 5 March 2021.
- "Republic of Moldova prepares for COVID-19 vaccine deployment". World Health Organization. 4 March 2021.
- "Primele doze de vaccin Pfizer ar urma să ajungă în R. Moldova în a doua jumătate a lunii martie". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian). 3 March 2021.
- "Chișinăul a transmis la Tiraspol 1810 de doze de vaccin anti-COVID-19, oferite sub forma de donație din partea României pentru Republica Moldova" (in Romanian). Government of Moldova. 5 March 2021.
- "Biroul de Reintegrare: Cele 1810 doze de vaccin, din lotul donat de România, au fost transmise la Tiraspol". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). 5 March 2021.
- Dobrea, Vlad (6 March 2021). "Liderul separatist din Transnistria dezinformează în legătură cu vaccinurile donate de România". Pro TV (in Romanian).
- "Separatistul Krasnoselski recunoaște că primele vaccinuri ajunse în Transnistria sunt donate de România și mulțumește Bucureștiului". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). 5 March 2021.
- "Emiratele Arabe Unite au donat Republicii Moldova vaccin anti-COVID-19". Cotidianul.md (in Romanian). 13 March 2021.
- "Emiratele Arabe Unite au donat Republicii Moldova un lot de vaccin împotriva COVID-19". TV8 (in Romanian). 13 March 2021.
- Necșuțu, Mădălin (26 March 2021). "România trimite în Republica Moldova încă un lot de 50.400 de doze de vaccin". G4Media.ro (in Romanian).
- Tobias, Andreea (27 March 2021). "România a trimis în Republica Moldova încă peste 50.000 de doze de vaccin anti-Covid". Ziarul Financiar (in Romanian).
- "Federația Rusă a confirmat livrarea a 182.000 doze de vaccin Sputnik V, Republicii Moldova, cu titlu de ajutor umanitar". Unimedia (in Romanian). 8 April 2021.
- Cojan, Liviu (10 April 2021). "Republica Moldova va cumpăra 400.000 de doze de vaccin produs în China: "Este singura companie care a depus dosar la licitaţie"". Digi24 (in Romanian).
- "România ajută R. Moldova cu 132.000 de doze de vaccin AstraZeneca". Radio Europa Liberă România (in Romanian). 17 April 2021.
- "România a trimis 132.000 de doze de AstraZeneca pentru Republica Moldova". Digi24 (in Romanian). 17 April 2021.
- "132 de mii de doze de vaccin donate de România au ajuns astăzi în R. Moldova. Este cea mai mare tranșă primită până acum". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). 17 April 2021.
- Popescu, Cristina (22 April 2021). "/DOC/ China a confirmat acordarea Republicii Moldova a 150 de mii de doze de vaccin în calitate de ajutor umanitar". TV8 (in Romanian).
- "China va dona R. Moldova 150 mii doze de vaccin CoronaVac: "Ce ține de procurare, se poartă discuții între Guverne"". Unimedia (in Romanian). 16 April 2021.
- "O palmă dată de Moscova autorităților de la Chișinău: Rusia a livrat direct vaccinul Sputnik V către Tiraspol, fără implicarea Republicii Moldova / "Putin s-a implicat personal"". HotNews (in Romanian). 26 April 2021.
- Florea-Harrison, Ana Maria (6 May 2021). "Republica Moldova a primit 142 de mii de doze de Sputnik V ajutor de la Rusia". RFI România (in Romanian).
- "Dodon a umflat cifra donației de vaccinuri din Rusia. R. Moldova a primit doar 71 de mii doze de Sputnik V, nu 142 de mii". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). 26 April 2021.
- Anton, Cristian (24 April 2021). "Presă: Rusia ar fi donat Moldovei vaccinurile Sputnik V refuzate de Slovacia pentru că difereau de cele oficiale". Pro TV (in Romanian).
- Mazilu, Petru (27 April 2021). "Donație din China: Republica Moldova primește un lot de vaccin Sinopharm". Ziarul Financiar (in Romanian).
- "Republica Moldova a primit 250 de mii de doze de vaccin din China". Jurnal.md (in Romanian). 27 April 2021.
- "Moldova's vaccination system to be strengthened, with World Bank support". World Bank. 27 April 2021.
- "(video) A doua tranșă de vaccinuri Sputnik V a ajuns la Chișinău". Unimedia (in Romanian). 30 April 2021.
- "Cel de-al doilea lot de vaccin Sputnik V din Federația Rusa a ajuns la Chișinău. Zinaida Greceanii: "Săptămână viitoarea sunt gata să mă vaccinez" - VIDEO". Pro TV (in Romanian). 30 April 2021.
- "Începe vaccinarea anti Covid-19 cu Sputnik V". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian). 4 May 2021.
- Daniela, Davidov (5 May 2021). "Secretar de stat: R. Moldova ar putea achiziționa 700.000 de doze de vaccin Pfizer. Se duc negocieri directe cu producătorul". Cotidianul.md (in Romanian).
- Mudrîi, Elena (5 May 2021). "Reprezentanții Ministerului Sănătății, Muncii și Protecției Sociale susțin că dozele de vaccin CoronaVac, achiziționate de R. Moldova vor fi distribuite în această săptămână". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian).
- Marina, Georgiana (7 May 2021). "România a trimis R. Moldova încă 100.800 doze de vaccin. Maia Sandu s-a vaccinat cu serul AstraZeneca: Îi încurajez pe toți să o facă". Digi24 (in Romanian).
- Mihăescu, Alexandru (5 May 2021). "România donează vaccin anti-Covid Ucrainei și Moldovei și începe să vândă doze către Chișinău". G4Media.ro (in Romanian).
- "Moldova receives new doses of COVID-19 vaccine through EU Civil Protection Mechanism". EU Neighbours. 10 May 2021.
- Milonean, Ioana (11 June 2021). "România donează încă 100.800 doze de vaccin Republicii Moldova". G4Media (in Romanian).
- "MSMPS informează despre progresul vaccinării anti-COVID-19 în R.Moldova. Câte persoane au fost imunizate până la moment". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). 18 March 2021.
- "Campania de imunizare în Moldova: Circa 34.000 de persoane, vaccinate". Știri.md (in Romanian). 27 March 2021.
- Vitiziu, Dan (23 April 2021). "COVID-19 MOLDOVA // Circa 100 000 de moldoveni au fost vaccinați. Câți din ei au primit și a doua doză". Telegraph.md (in Romanian).