Alternative for Sweden

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Alternative for Sweden
Alternativ för Sverige
0 / 1,597
Municipal councils
0 / 12,780
National Council
3 / 251
Diocese Councils
3 / 841
Website
alternativforsverige.se
Historical membership in 1-year intervals, 2018–Present
YearPop.±%
20182,057—    
20191,742−15.3%
20202,204+26.5%
20212,726+23.7%
20223,100+13.7%
source[14] —    

Alternative for Sweden (Swedish: Alternativ för Sverige, AFS) is a

Sweden Democratic Youth, who were collectively expelled from the Sweden Democrats in 2015.[17] It advocates the forced remigration of immigrants[18] and Sweden's withdrawal from the European Union.[19][20]

AfS ran in the general elections of 2018 and 2022, but failed to enter the Riksdag. With 0.26% of the vote, AfS is the second largest party without representation in the Riksdag.[21] In the 2019 European Parliament election in Sweden, the party ran on an anti-EU platform, receiving 0.46% of the vote. In November 2020, AfS announced its intention to run in the 2021 election to the Church of Sweden council.[22] It won 1.26% of the votes, giving it three seats in the Church council.[23]

History

Background

In early April 2015, the Sweden Democrats (SD) accused its youth league, the

ethnonationalist organization Nordic Youth (Swedish: Nordisk Ungdom [sv]) which had been founded by members of the National Democrats, an ethnopluralist breakaway group from the SD. The SDU had also encountered repeated controversies of its members being accused of making racist statements.[24] In response to these alleged relations, SD threatened to expel several leading members of SDU unless the league moderated itself. SDU's leader Gustav Kasselstrand, and its deputy leader William Hahne, were eventually expelled from the party on 27 April 2015. They both denied the accusations of relations with extremist groups, and claimed that SD's parliamentary group leader Mattias Karlsson wanted to get rid of them after Hahne defeated the leadership's preferred candidate for the chairmanship of SDU in Stockholm.[25]

Following the initial expulsion of the youth wing's chairman and deputy chairman, the mother party launched its own leadership candidate to compete against Jessica Ohlson, who was considered an ally of Kasselstrand and Hahne and deemed too radical by the SD for a leadership position. The SD warned that the party would break all ties with SDU if Ohlson were to be elected chairman. On 12 September 2015, Ohlson defeated the party's preferred candidate for the SDU chairmanship, and the party shut down SDU's website and broke all relations with its youth wing. It then established a new youth organization, Ungsvenskarna (Young Swedes) and produced a timetable that every SD member who remained a member of SDU should leave the league or risk expulsion from the mother party. Ohlson herself was officially expelled alongside five other SDU members on 25 October, but continued to serve as chairman of SDU, which went on to become an independent organization.

Founding and defections

In early 2017,

National Rally.[27]

Two Sweden Democrat members of the Riksdag, Olle Felten and Jeff Ahl, defected to the party later that month.[28] According to the rules of the Riksdag, Felten and Ahl are considered independent MP's, meaning that Alternative for Sweden is not officially represented in the parliament.[29] Mikael Jansson, former leader of the Sweden Democrats, also defected on 9 April, citing the mother party's recent lack of resistance to NATO as his main reason.[citation needed]

Before the 2018 elections, the party was one of the largest in terms of social media interactions and expected to enter the parliament after the elections, with leader Gustav Kasselstrand asking people on Twitter to prepare for "Sweden's biggest political earthquake in modern times". However, the party failed to enter parliament by a large margin, receiving just 0.31 out of the 4.0 percent needed to get past the

Persian restaurant it had rented to celebrate the election results.[30] According to high-level officials at Facebook, AfS social media interactions were reviewed just before the 2018 election. Accused of using bots to manipulate the algorithm and inflate the party's perceived popularity, actions were taken by Facebook to limit certain activities of AfS accounts just before the election.[31] It did not participate in the municipal elections.[32]

Since 2018

After the 2018 election, the party participated in the 2019 election for the European Parliament, but failed to gain a seat.

In March 2020, the party's deputy chairman and founding member William Hahne resigned from his position, after he had been revealed by Expressen to run a webshop selling surgical masks for a price 759% higher than other commercial sellers of surgical masks during the COVID-19 pandemic.[33]

Ideology and policies

On its website, Alternative for Sweden lists three key issues:[34]

  1. Remigration of immigrants
  2. Democracy and politicians
  3. Law and order

It is critical of the current political establishment which it accuses of being naive and overly

politically correct. Alternative for Sweden accuses the Left of hijacking societal institutions to rewrite history.[35]

Unlike the

self-sufficient and end the use of fossil fuels, citing both environmental protection and national security reasons.[34]

AfS has been described as right-wing, far-right and right-wing populist by

social conservative and far-right.[6] The ideology of the party has also been described as close to the identitarian[38] and alt-right movements.[39][40] During the 2019 European Parliament election party leader Kasselstrand was endorsed by the far-right European party Alliance for Peace and Freedom (APF) on Facebook.[41]

Economic policies

Alternative for Sweden has stated in its program that the party wants to introduce flat tax and uniform VAT.

Foreign policies

Foreign relations

During a visit to Moscow in 2018, party leader Gustav Kasselstrand attended a conference to establish connections with other nationalist parties in Europe.[42] That same year, Mikael Jansson met with close contacts to president Bashar al-Assad during a visit to Syria.[43]

In July 2022, several representatives from Alternative for Sweden, including Anders Feymark, travelled to Hungary to meet officials from the Hungarian party Our Homeland Movement, a party described as a "sister party" to Alternative for Sweden. Representatives from Alternative for Germany and Forum for Democracy were also present.[44] Our Homeland Movement party leader László Toroczkai, as well as Alternative for Germany's Stefan Korte, both held individual speeches at Alternative for Sweden's election campaign meeting held in Rålambshovsparken in Stockholm on 6 August 2022.[45]

Social policies

Immigration

In March 2018, Jeff Ahl gave a speech in the Riksdag, stating that hundreds of thousands of people would be deported out of Sweden if Alternative for Sweden gained power.[46]

LGBT issues

Alternative for Sweden is supportive of a ban on same-sex adoption as well as same-sex marriage.[47] The party has described same-sex marriage as a "modern construction intended to commit violence against multi-thousand-year-old traditions".[48] Alternative for Sweden has accused Stockholm Pride of sexualizing minors.[49]

Party Leadership

Leaders

No. Leader Portrait Entered office Left office Length of Leadership
1 Gustav Kasselstrand 5 March 2018 Incumbent 6 years, 2 months and 22 days

Deputy Leaders

No. Leader Portrait Entered office Left office Length of Leadership
1 William Hahne 5 March 2018 23 March 2020 2 years, 0 months and 18 days
2 Mikael Jansson 28 November 2020 Incumbent 3 years, 5 months and 29 days

Election results

Riksdag

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
2018 20,290 0.31 (#10)
0 / 349
New Extra-parliamentary
2022 16,646 0.26 (#10)
0 / 349
Steady 0 Extra-parliamentary

European Parliament

Year Votes % Rank Seats +/- Notes
2019[50] 19,178 0.46 #10
0 / 20
New Extra-parliamentary

Church of Sweden Council

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
2021[23] 10,358 1.26 (#12)
3 / 251
New Opposition

References

  1. ^ "Kraftig medlemstillväxt i Alternativ för Sverige – Över 3 400 medlemmar". alternativforsverige.se. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  2. ^ Från Nordiska motståndsrörelsen till alternativhögern Archived 9 September 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Rejab Karemi. "Alternativ för Sverige (AfS)" (PDF). diva-portal.org. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  4. ^ a b "Tidigare partiledare lämnar SD – värvas av Alternativ för Sverige". Dagens Nyheter. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Riksdagsledamot utesluts ur SD för "samröre med rasister"". Dagens Nyheter. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Far-right defections seen making Sweden's nationalists palatable". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. 9 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Avhoppen till Alternativ för Sverige". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Politisk vilde går till högerpopulistiskt parti". helagotland.se. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  9. ^ Colliver, Chloe; Pomerantsev, Peter; Applebaum, Anne; Birdwell, Jonathan (2018). Smearing Sweden: International Influence Campaigns in the 2018 General Election (PDF). London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue.
  10. ^
  11. ^ "AFS: "Islam hör inte hemma i Sverige!"".
  12. ^ "UTUR website". Archived from the original on 8 September 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  13. S2CID 225880285
    .
  • ^ "Historical Membership Numbers". Alternative for Sweden. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  • ^ "TV4-profilen Lennart Matikainen kandiderar för Alternativ för Sverige". nyheter24.se (in Swedish). 9 April 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  • ^ "Kasselstrand: SD slits isär av destruktiva strider". 6 March 2018.
  • ^ "Kasselstrand vill in i riksdagen" (in Swedish). 18 December 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  • ^ "Återvandringspolitik".
  • ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "# 35 Rekord i utdelade medborgarskap – därför behövs återvandring!". YouTube.
  • user-generated source
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  • ^ "Valpresentation". resultat.val.se. Swedish Election Authority. Retrieved 15 September 2022.
  • ^ "Starka reaktioner på att Alternativ för Sverige ställer upp i kyrkovalet". 4 November 2020.
  • ^ a b "Val till Kyrkomöte - valresultat".
  • ^ Nilsson, Martin (27 April 2015). "Kasselstrand och Hahne utesluts ur Sverigedemokraterna - Nyheter (Ekot)". Sveriges Radio.
  • ^ Kärman, Jens; Larsson, Mats J. (28 April 2015). "SDU-topparna ger inte upp – nu går de vidare". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). pp. 8–9.
  • ^ Radio, Sveriges (11 February 2017). "Uteslutna sverigedemokrater bildar nytt parti – Nyheter (Ekot)". Sveriges Radio.
  • ^ Kasselstrands nya parti ska ta väljare från SD (in Swedish)
  • ^ "Riksdagsledamot lämnar SD – blir politisk vilde". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 27 March 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  • ^ Så arbetar ledamöterna (in Swedish)
  • ^ Omni, Ines Micanovic / (10 September 2018). "AFS angrepp på persisk restaurang möttes av hån". Svenska Dagbladet – via www.svd.se.
  • ^ "Facebook ingrep vid svenska valet – misstänkte fusk". DN.SE (in Swedish). 5 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  • ^ "AFS beställde tio miljoner valsedlar". www.expressen.se. 18 September 2018.
  • ^ "William Hahne lämnar – efter hårda kritiken". www.expressen.se. 23 March 2020.
  • ^ a b Vår politik (political platform; in Swedish)
  • ^ https://alternativforsverige.se/om-oss/ Archived 13 November 2021 at the Wayback Machine (about us page; in Swedish)
  • ^ "Nya högerpartier utmanar – "blir en historisk kväll"". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 28 February 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  • ^ "Inget alternativ för SD – när riktigt inflytande är målet". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 18 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  • ^ "Die Situation in Schweden". 26 May 2018.
  • ^ Henrik Sundbom (2018). "Winning the Internet, Losing the Elections" (PDF). frivarld.se. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  • ^ Stern, Alexandra Minna: Proud Boys and the White Ethnostate: How the Alt-Right Is Warping the American Imagination, page 7
  • ^ "Alliance for Peace and Freedom". en-gb.facebook.com.
  • ^ "Kasselstrand i Moskva: Vill träffa nationalistpartier". Omni (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Avhoppade SD-ledamoten i möte med diktatorns män". Expressen (in Swedish). 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ @AfS_riks (28 July 2022). "Alternativ för Sveriges @feymark besöker vårt ungerska systerparti Mi Hazank tillsammans med @AfD och @fvdemocratie. Mi Hazank kom in i det ungerska parlamentet tidigare i år och ser fram emot att samarbeta med andra partier som står upp för nationernas Europa!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  • ^ "Ungersk partiledare talar på valupptakten". alternativforsverige.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Jeff Ahl i riksdagen: "Hundratusentals ska skickas hem"". www.friatider.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Familjepolitik". alternativforsverige.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Svenska kyrkan och äktenskapet". tatillbakakyrkan.nu (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Högerextremt parti håller möte intill Prideparaden". Omni (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  • ^ "Val till Europaparlamentet – Röster" [Votes – 2019 election]. data.val.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  • External links