Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

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Taman Mini "Indonesia Indah"
6°18′6″S 106°53′48″E / 6.30167°S 106.89667°E / -6.30167; 106.89667Coordinates: 6°18′6″S 106°53′48″E / 6.30167°S 106.89667°E / -6.30167; 106.89667
Opened20 April 1975
OwnerGovernment of Indonesia
Operated byTaman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, dan Ratu Boko
SloganKunjungi Taman Mini, Cintai Indonesia (Visit Taman Mini, Love Indonesia)
Roller coasters1
Water rides2
The iconic golden snail IMAX special-built cinema at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. It was the only IMAX cinema in Indonesia until the opening of an IMAX screen in Gandaria City
in the 2010s.

Taman Mini "Indonesia Indah" (literally "Beautiful Indonesia" Mini Park—the apostrophes are in the name—abbreviated as TMII) is a culture-based

recreational area located in East Jakarta, Indonesia. Since July 2021, it is operated by PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, dan Ratu Boko, a subsidiary of the state-owned tourism holding company InJourney. It was operated by Yayasan Harapan Kita, a foundation established by Siti Hartinah, the first lady during most of the New Order and wife of Suharto
, and run by Suharto's descendants since his death until 2021. It has an area of about 100 hectares (250 acres).

The park is a synopsis of

Since 2007 Taman Mini Indonesia Indah launched new logo with branding slogan Pesona Indonesia (Indonesian Charm).

On December 31, 2014, World Peace Committee decided TMII as International Civilization Park and World Peace Theme Park.[2]


The idea of presenting Indonesia on a small scale was conceived by former Indonesian first lady, Siti Hartinah, better known as Tien Suharto. It came about at a convention on 8 Cendana Street on March 13, 1970. Through this recreational site, she hoped to cultivate national pride in more Indonesian people.[1] A project called "Indonesian Miniature Project" was started by Harapan Kita Foundation in 1972. The concept of this culture-based recreational area was inspired by Indonesia's unparalleled natural riches and local folk diversity.


TMII was originally located on a public area of 145 ha, as farms and fields. Later, the team was able to convert these fields into a suitable location for the construction. The topography of TMII is rather hilly, consistent with what the builders required. The team claimed the advantage of utilizing this uneven terrain was the ability to create interesting and diverse landscapes and enclosures, as well as reflecting the various characteristics of the Indonesian environment.[1]

Parts of TMII

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah Map en.svg

Venues of Indonesian provinces

Indonesian Archipelago
in the center lake viewed from the cable car.

Since each Indonesian province maintains its own unique and distinct cultures, shelters, attire and dialects, TMII built a model of each of the houses from Indonesian provinces. TMII attempted not only to reconstruct the homes of the various provinces, but also to create a realistic model of the environment and shelters of the various people of Indonesia.

Torajan Tongkonan and Bugis house of South Sulawesi pavilion; and Balinese house compound with intricately carved candi bentar split gate and kori agung

It also displays various traditional costumes, wedding costumes, dance costumes, also ethnography artifacts such as weapons and daily tools, models of traditional architecture are in display to describes the way of life of its people. Each provinces pavilions also equipped with small stage, amphitheatre or auditorium for traditional dance performances, traditional music performances or traditional ceremonies that usually held in Sundays. Some of these pavilions also equipped with cafeterias featuring traditional Indonesian cuisines and also souvenir shops offering various handicrafts, T-shirts and souvenirs.

Since 1975 until the 2000s, the original design of TMII consists of a model of the traditional houses (

Gorontalo, Riau Islands, and West Papua
has been built in northeast part of the park, although the size and area of the newly built pavilions is much smaller than the previously built pavilions.

After the recognition of

Confucian temple
was built within the park.

Religious buildings

The religious buildings of several official faiths is meant to showcase the inter-faiths tolerance and religious harmony of Indonesia. The religious buildings are:

Gardens and parks

Spherical cage Bird Park

There are about ten gardens spread within TMII complex, but most are located primarily on the north and northeast side of the main lake:

  • Orchid Garden
  • Medicinal herbs Garden
  • Cactus Garden
  • Jasmine Garden
  • Keong Emas (Golden Snail) Flower Garden
  • Taman Ria Atmaja Park, stage and music performances
  • Taman Budaya Tionghoa Indonesia, an
    Indonesian Chinese
    cultural park (under construction)

Taman Burung (Bird Park)

Taman Burung is divided into five exhibits: Kubah barat (West dome) which include birds from the Greater Sunda Islands (Except Sulawesi) and the Lesser Sunda Islands, kubah timur (East dome) which include birds from Sulawesi, the Maluku Islands, and New Guinea, a free ranging river exhibits, raptor aviaries, and other aviaries and exhibits scattered around the park. The park also own several birds from outside of Indonesia, such as birds from China, Africa, Australia, and South America.

Museum Serangga

Museum Serangga is invertebrates museum that have collections from around Southeast Asia. The Museum also have live insect exhibits, and small mammal park. The museum also have a breeding facility on certain type of butterfly.

Dunia Air Tawar

Dunia Air Tawar is the second largest freshwater and brackish themed aquarium in Asia. The aquarium has over 6000 animals from 126 species, including reptiles, amphibian, crustaceans, and fish.

Taman Legenda

A dinosaur and Indonesian folklore themed park.

Technological Centre

Pusat peragaan Iptek or Science and Technology Display Centre is under coordination of Research and Technology Ministry. At the end of 2011 has 15 sites with about 300 science tools and visited by 341,000 visitor in a year. The sites are Robotic, Electric and Magnet, Mechanics, Mathematics, etc.[4]


The Tumpeng style Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum displaying artworks and souvenirs collections of Suharto

There are fourteen museums at TMII:


  • Keong Emas (Golden Snail)
  • Tanah Airku Theater
  • 4D Theater

Monuments, halls, buildings and other exhibits

  • Kala Makara main gates
  • Flower clock
  • Tugu Api Pancasila, the main monument, an obelisk celebrating Pancasila
  • Baluwerti, a twin gate with relief of Indonesian history on its wall
  • Pendopo Agung Sasono Utomo (Grand Hall), the main building in Javanese Joglo style
  • Sasono Utomo, exhibition hall
  • Sasono Langen Budoyo, indoor stage and theater
  • Sasono Manganti
  • Sasana Kriya, multi purpose function hall
  • Park Management Office
  • Cokot Sculpture, a display of wooden sculptures by Cokot, a famous Balinese artist
  • The Miniature of Borobudur
  • APEC
    Memorial Monument and Garden
  • Non Alignment Nations Friendship Monument and Garden
  • The Miniature of
    Indonesian Archipelago
    on central lake
  • Indonesian Archipelago Plaza and Stage
  • Jati Taminah, a remnant of a large teak tree
  • Kayu Gede (large wood), the display of large
    tree trunk


people mover ride around the park.

Recreation facilities

  • Istana Anak-Anak Indonesia (Indonesian Children Castle)
  • Taman Among Putro kiddy rides park
  • Desa Seni dan Kerajinan handicraft center
  • Rare books market
  • Snowbay Waterpark swimming pool
  • Telaga Mina fishing pond
  • Warna Alam outbound camp


  • Desa Wisata hostel
  • Graha Wisata Remaja youth hostel



As of 2011 the operator planned to disburse $35 million for building a new Discovery World theme park. A 2-hectare area was to be built and it was predicted to be operated before the end of 2012. It would serve 100 venues/rides and was predicted to attract 1.2 million visitors from Indonesia and Southeast Asia.

TMII area would be connected with

Line 1
, which is currently under construction.


  • Tourists take a ride on this cable car to enjoy bird-eye view of this park

    Tourists take a ride on this cable car to enjoy bird-eye view of this park

  • Riau dancers

    Riau dancers

  • South Kalimantan pavilion in TMII

    South Kalimantan pavilion in TMII

  • Bali pavilion gate

    Bali pavilion gate

  • Toba Batak house at North Sumatra pavilion

    Toba Batak house at North Sumatra pavilion

  • Nias house at North Sumatra pavilion

    Nias house at North Sumatra pavilion

  • Baluk house at West Kalimantan pavilion

    Baluk house at West Kalimantan pavilion

  • Jambi pavilion

    Jambi pavilion

  • South Sumatra pavilion

    South Sumatra pavilion

  • Riau pavilion

    Riau pavilion

  • Malay house at Riau pavilion

    Malay house at Riau pavilion

  • Aceh pavilion

    Aceh pavilion

  • Toraja house, South Sulawesi pavilion

    house, South Sulawesi pavilion

  • Bugis house, South Sulawesi pavilion

    Bugis house, South Sulawesi pavilion

  • A joglo at Central Java pavilion

    A joglo at Central Java pavilion

  • Interior of Javanese Joglo house, Central Java pavilion

    Interior of Javanese Joglo house, Central Java pavilion

  • Kong Miao Confucian temple

    Kong Miao Confucian temple

  • Swan pedalo rides at archipelago lake

    Swan pedalo rides at archipelago lake


  1. ^ a b c History Archived 2006-09-01 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "TMII Ditetapkan Sebagai Wahana Perdamaian Dunia". December 31, 2014.
  3. ^ Anjungan
  4. ^ "TMII Luncurkan Wahana Robotik". February 1, 2012. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.

External links