Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
|Opened||20 April 1975|
|Owner||Government of Indonesia|
|Operated by||Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, dan Ratu Boko|
|Slogan||Kunjungi Taman Mini, Cintai Indonesia (Visit Taman Mini, Love Indonesia)|
Taman Mini "Indonesia Indah" (literally "Beautiful Indonesia" Mini Park—the apostrophes are in the name—abbreviated as TMII) is a culture-based
The park is a synopsis of
Since 2007 Taman Mini Indonesia Indah launched new logo with branding slogan Pesona Indonesia (Indonesian Charm).
On December 31, 2014, World Peace Committee decided TMII as International Civilization Park and World Peace Theme Park.
The idea of presenting Indonesia on a small scale was conceived by former Indonesian first lady, Siti Hartinah, better known as Tien Suharto. It came about at a convention on 8 Cendana Street on March 13, 1970. Through this recreational site, she hoped to cultivate national pride in more Indonesian people. A project called "Indonesian Miniature Project" was started by Harapan Kita Foundation in 1972. The concept of this culture-based recreational area was inspired by Indonesia's unparalleled natural riches and local folk diversity.
TMII was originally located on a public area of 145 ha, as farms and fields. Later, the team was able to convert these fields into a suitable location for the construction. The topography of TMII is rather hilly, consistent with what the builders required. The team claimed the advantage of utilizing this uneven terrain was the ability to create interesting and diverse landscapes and enclosures, as well as reflecting the various characteristics of the Indonesian environment.
Parts of TMII
Venues of Indonesian provinces
Since each Indonesian province maintains its own unique and distinct cultures, shelters, attire and dialects, TMII built a model of each of the houses from Indonesian provinces. TMII attempted not only to reconstruct the homes of the various provinces, but also to create a realistic model of the environment and shelters of the various people of Indonesia.
It also displays various traditional costumes, wedding costumes, dance costumes, also ethnography artifacts such as weapons and daily tools, models of traditional architecture are in display to describes the way of life of its people. Each provinces pavilions also equipped with small stage, amphitheatre or auditorium for traditional dance performances, traditional music performances or traditional ceremonies that usually held in Sundays. Some of these pavilions also equipped with cafeterias featuring traditional Indonesian cuisines and also souvenir shops offering various handicrafts, T-shirts and souvenirs.
Since 1975 until the 2000s, the original design of TMII consists of a model of the traditional houses (
After the recognition of
The religious buildings of several official faiths is meant to showcase the inter-faiths tolerance and religious harmony of Indonesia. The religious buildings are:
- Pangeran Diponegoro Mosque
- Santa Catharina Catholic church
- Haleluya Protestant church
- Penataran Agung Kertabhumi Balinese Hindu temple
- Arya Dwipa Arama Buddhist temple
- Sasana Adirasa Pangeran Samber Nyawa
- Kong Miao Confucian temple
Gardens and parks
There are about ten gardens spread within TMII complex, but most are located primarily on the north and northeast side of the main lake:
- Orchid Garden
- Medicinal herbs Garden
- Cactus Garden
- Jasmine Garden
- Keong Emas (Golden Snail) Flower Garden
- Taman Ria Atmaja Park, stage and music performances
- Taman Budaya Tionghoa Indonesia, an Indonesian Chinesecultural park (under construction)
Taman Burung (Bird Park)
Taman Burung is divided into five exhibits: Kubah barat (West dome) which include birds from the Greater Sunda Islands (Except Sulawesi) and the Lesser Sunda Islands, kubah timur (East dome) which include birds from Sulawesi, the Maluku Islands, and New Guinea, a free ranging river exhibits, raptor aviaries, and other aviaries and exhibits scattered around the park. The park also own several birds from outside of Indonesia, such as birds from China, Africa, Australia, and South America.
Museum Serangga is invertebrates museum that have collections from around Southeast Asia. The Museum also have live insect exhibits, and small mammal park. The museum also have a breeding facility on certain type of butterfly.
Dunia Air Tawar
Dunia Air Tawar is the second largest freshwater and brackish themed aquarium in Asia. The aquarium has over 6000 animals from 126 species, including reptiles, amphibian, crustaceans, and fish.
A dinosaur and Indonesian folklore themed park.
Pusat peragaan Iptek or Science and Technology Display Centre is under coordination of Research and Technology Ministry. At the end of 2011 has 15 sites with about 300 science tools and visited by 341,000 visitor in a year. The sites are Robotic, Electric and Magnet, Mechanics, Mathematics, etc.
There are fourteen museums at TMII:
- Indonesia Museum
- Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum
- Soldier Museum
- Indonesian stamps Museum
- Pusaka (Heirloom) Museum
- Transportation Museum
- Museum Electricity & New Energy Museum
- Telecommunication Museum
- Penerangan Museum
- Sports Museum
- Asmat Museum
- Komodo Indonesian Fauna Museum and Reptile Park
- Insects Museum
- Research & Technology Information Centre
- Oil & Gas Museum
- East Timor Museum (former East Timor province pavilion)
- Keong Emas (Golden Snail) ImaxTheater
- Tanah Airku Theater
- 4D Theater
Monuments, halls, buildings and other exhibits
- Kala Makara main gates
- Flower clock
- Tugu Api Pancasila, the main monument, an obelisk celebrating Pancasila
- Baluwerti, a twin gate with relief of Indonesian history on its wall
- Pendopo Agung Sasono Utomo (Grand Hall), the main building in Javanese Joglo style
- Sasono Utomo, exhibition hall
- Sasono Langen Budoyo, indoor stage and theater
- Sasono Manganti
- Sasana Kriya, multi purpose function hall
- Park Management Office
- Cokot Sculpture, a display of wooden sculptures by Cokot, a famous Balinese artist
- The Miniature of Borobudur
- APECMemorial Monument and Garden
- Non Alignment Nations Friendship Monument and Garden
- The Miniature of Indonesian Archipelagoon central lake
- Indonesian Archipelago Plaza and Stage
- Jati Taminah, a remnant of a large teak tree
- Kayu Gede (large wood), the display of large tree trunk
- Skylift Indonesia cable car
- SHS-23 Aeromovel Indonesia, a wind powered people mover
- Mini train around the park (Permanently Closed)
- Boat ride on Indonesian archipelago lake
- Swan paddle boat on Indonesian archipelago lake
- Bicycle rent ride
- Car ride around the area
- Istana Anak-Anak Indonesia (Indonesian Children Castle)
- Taman Among Putro kiddy rides park
- Desa Seni dan Kerajinan handicraft center
- Rare books market
- Snowbay Waterpark swimming pool
- Telaga Mina fishing pond
- Warna Alam outbound camp
- Desa Wisata hostel
- Graha Wisata Remaja youth hostel
- Caping Gunung restaurant
- California Fried Chicken restaurants
- Pecel Madiun restaurant
- Various cafeterias and warungs available throughout the park featuring Indonesian cuisines such as soto, gado-gado, nasi goreng and satay.
As of 2011[update] the operator planned to disburse $35 million for building a new Discovery World theme park. A 2-hectare area was to be built and it was predicted to be operated before the end of 2012. It would serve 100 venues/rides and was predicted to attract 1.2 million visitors from Indonesia and Southeast Asia.
TMII area would be connected with
Tourists take a ride on this cable car to enjoy bird-eye view of this park
South Kalimantan pavilion in TMII
Bali pavilion gate
Toba Batak house at North Sumatra pavilion
Nias house at North Sumatra pavilion
Baluk house at West Kalimantan pavilion
South Sumatra pavilion
Malay house at Riau pavilion
- Torajahouse, South Sulawesi pavilion
Bugis house, South Sulawesi pavilion
A joglo at Central Java pavilion
Interior of Javanese Joglo house, Central Java pavilion
Kong Miao Confucian temple
Swan pedalo rides at archipelago lake
- ^ a b c History Archived 2006-09-01 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "TMII Ditetapkan Sebagai Wahana Perdamaian Dunia". December 31, 2014.
- ^ Anjungan
- ^ "TMII Luncurkan Wahana Robotik". February 1, 2012. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012.
- (in Indonesian) Official website