1921 Swedish general election
All 230 seats in the
Early general elections were held in
Riksdag. Party leader Hjalmar Branting formed his second government.
Before the elections in 1921, the
Lenin's April Theses. It was renamed the Communist Party of Sweden, whilst a breakaway faction of some 6,000 socialists who had been excluded by the communists as non-revolutionary elements kept the previous name.
In 1921, universal and equal
citizens who were at least 23 years old on election day. Nevertheless, it was still possible, even after 1921, to exclude certain groups from the right to vote. An example was individuals who had been declared incapable of managing their own affairs by a court of law. This limitation of the franchise disappeared only in 1989 when the Riksdag abolished incapacitation.
It signified the five first women MPs to be elected to the Swedish Parliament after the women suffrage of 1919, with Kerstin Hesselgren in the Upper chamber, and Nelly Thüring (Social Democrat), Agda Östlund (Social Democrat) Elisabeth Tamm (liberal) and Bertha Wellin (Conservative) in the Lower chamber.
Alongside the universal franchise reform, a
parliamentary system of government developed and gained acceptance, implying that the government requires the Riksdag's confidence and support for all major decisions. As of 1921, all major treaties with foreign states had to be approved by the Riksdag, and the two chambers of the Riksdag now elected their own Speakersalong with two deputy speakers each.
|Swedish Social Democratic Party||630,855||36.22||93||+18|
|General Electoral League||449,302||25.79||62||–9|
|Free-minded National Association||325,608||18.69||41||–6|
|Social Democratic Left Party||56,241||3.23||6||New|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
As a result of the election Prime Minister
Foreign Minister of Sweden. Although the non-socialist parties held a majority in the second chamber, Branting was able to hold office through being the largest party and reaching cross-ideological consensus in the chamber. The centre-right majority took over the governing in 1923 under Ernst Tryggerfollowing a parliamentary loss for the Social Democrats over unemployment protection.
- Farmers' Association
- Nordisk familjebok, (Owl edition), 2nd ed., Stockholm : Nordisk familjeboks förlags aktiebolag, 1904-1926 (in Swedish)