Alliance (Sweden)

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The Alliance
Alliansen
143 / 349
Website
www.alliansen.se

The Alliance (

opposition, and later achieved a majority government in the 2006 general election and a minority government in the 2010 general election, governing Sweden from 2006 to 2014 with Fredrik Reinfeldt of the Moderate Party serving as Prime Minister of Sweden
until 2014. The Alliance was co-chaired by every component party's individual leaders.

After defeat in the

political alliance "would operate in opposition". On 11 January 2019, during the 2018–2019 Swedish government formation, the Centre Party and Liberals agreed to tolerate the re-election as Prime Minister of Social Democratic incumbent Stefan Löfven.[4] Moderate Party leader Ulf Kristersson and Christian Democrat leader Ebba Busch denounced the agreement, with Busch calling the Alliance "a closed chapter".[5]

Members

The Alliance consisted of the four centre-right (

bourgeois") parties in the Riksdag (Sweden's parliament
). The members were:

History

Swedish politics had been dominated by the Social Democratic Party for over 70 years. They had been in government for all but nine years since 1932 (summer of 1936, 1976–1982, 1991–1994). The opposition parties decided that this was partly because they did not present a clear and viable alternative government.[when?] At a 2004 meeting held in the Centre Party leader Maud Olofsson's home in the village of Högfors, the four centre-right leaders at the time; Göran Hägglund (KD), Lars Leijonborg (L), Maud Olofsson (C) and Fredrik Reinfeldt (M) decided to form the political cooperation that would become The Alliance. The meeting ended on 31 August 2004 with the presentation of a joint declaration outlining the principles under which the four parties intended to fight the election.[6] A year later a similar meeting was held at Christian Democrat leader Göran Hägglund's home in Bankeryd, resulting in the affirmation of the alliance and another declaration.[7]

Aims and policies

The centre-right Alliance for Sweden aimed to win a majority of seats in the 2006 Riksdag elections and to form a coalition government.

In order to do this, the member parties decided to issue common

policing. These were not set according to party size, but with one senior politician (often an MP) and one staff per party, and following the idea that "everybody contributes and everybody gains".[8]

An example of this policy cooperation was the

GDP and 3.3% of the total income of the public sector in 2005.[9]
Each individual party also proposed its own policies in addition. For example, the Liberals waned to spend 1bn kronor extra on tertiary education and the Christian Democrats want to have more benefits and tax deductions for families.

On 14 June 2006 Alliance for Sweden agreed on a common energy policy which would apply over the next parliamentary term (2006–2010), and included a promise not to shut down any more

Barsebäck 2 was shut down in 2005). The proposal was that no more reactors were to be built, that the nuclear phase-out law would be repealed and that all forms of energy research would be legal and able to receive state grants (research on nuclear power is currently forbidden in Sweden). An Alliance government would also grant any applications to increase the output of the existing plants, provided that it would be safe to do so.[10]
This has been hailed as a historic step, as disagreement over nuclear power has long plagued the centre-right in Sweden: the Centre Party opposes nuclear power, the Moderates and Christian Democrats support its continuing operation while the Liberals want to build more reactors. Some doubts were raised about the long-term survival of this compromise, as neither the Centre Party nor the Liberals have changed their fundamental positions on nuclear power.

On 5 July 2006, during the politics week at

kronor would also be imposed on the taxation of the value of a house's plot. The parties also agreed on the abolition of the tax and its replacement with a municipal charge independent of the value of the property; this reform was planned to be carried out in 2008. Property tax is estimated to bring in 28.1 billion kronor in 2006, rising to 30.2bn in 2007 and 32.2bn in 2008 (as taxable values rise). The first stage of the Alliance's plan (freezing property values, capping the tax on land value and reducing the rate for apartments) is estimated to cost around 4-5 billion kronor. The financing of this was to be revealed in the Alliance's manifesto
in August 2006.

Alliance for Sweden released its election manifesto,[12] entitled More people in work - more to share (Swedish: Fler i arbete - mer att dela på), on 23 August 2006.

The result of the election was clear enough on election night for

Riksdag
on 6 October.

In government (2006–2014)

Swedish kronor,[14] of which the income tax deduction is 38.7 billion. Other changes include the ending of employers' co-financing of sickness benefit after the second week, reduction of unemployment benefits and considerably raised fees to unemployment funds, resulting in a substantial decline in union density and density of unemployment funds.[15][16]
Unemployment benefit would remain 80% of previous pay for 200 days then drop to 70%. Benefit would be payable for a maximum of 300 days, or 450 if the recipient has children.

List of party leaders

Year Moderate Party Centre Party Liberals Christian Democrats
2004 Fredrik Reinfeldt
Leader 2003–2015
Prime Minister 2006–2014
Minister for Enterprise
2006–2011
Lars Leijonborg
Leader 1997–2007
Minister for Education 2006–2007
Minister for Health and Social Affairs
2006–2014
2005
2006
2007
Minister for School 2006–2007
Minister for Education 2007–2014
Deputy Prime Minister
2010–2014
2008
2009
2010
2011
Minister for Enterprise and Regional Affairs
2011–2014
2012
2013
2014
2015
Anna Kinberg Batra
Leader 10 January 2015 – 1 October 2017
Ebba Busch
Leader 25 April 2015 – present
2016
2017
Ulf Kristersson
Leader 1 October 2017 – present
2018

Electoral history

The parties had previously formed a centre-right minority coalition government in 1991 with the support of the right-wing populist party New Democracy. After the coalition was defeated in the 1994 election, the Centre-Right Parties coalition was dissolved but the centre-right opposition parties continued to work together. In 2004, the four parties which formed the Centre-Right Parties in 1991, the Moderate Party, Centre Party, Liberal People's Party and Christian Democrats wanted to collaborate again, so they founded The Alliance as a new coalition of the centre-right parties.

Parliament (Riksdag)

Election # of
overall seats won
+/- Party Government Party leaders
2006
178 / 349
Increase 20 Alliance in majority government coalition N/A
97 / 349
Increase 42 Moderate Fredrik Reinfeldt
29 / 349
Increase 7 Centre Maud Olofsson
28 / 349
Decrease 20 Liberal Lars Leijonborg
24 / 349
Decrease 9 Christian Democrats Göran Hägglund
2010
173 / 349
Decrease 5 Alliance in minority government coalition N/A
107 / 349
Increase 10 Moderate Fredrik Reinfeldt
24 / 349
Decrease 4 Liberal Jan Björklund
23 / 349
Decrease 6 Centre Maud Olofsson
19 / 349
Decrease 5 Christian Democrats Göran Hägglund
2014
141 / 349
Decrease 32 Alliance in opposition N/A
84 / 349
Decrease 23 Moderate Fredrik Reinfeldt
22 / 349
Decrease 1 Centre Annie Lööf
19 / 349
Decrease 5 Liberal Jan Björklund
16 / 349
Decrease 3 Christian Democrats Göran Hägglund
2018
143 / 349
Increase 2 Alliance Dissolved on 11 January 2019 N/A
70 / 349
Decrease 14 Moderate in opposition Ulf Kristersson
31 / 349
Increase 9 Centre Supporting minority government Annie Lööf
22 / 349
Increase 6 Christian Democrats in opposition Ebba Busch
20 / 349
Increase 1 Liberal Supporting minority government Jan Björklund

European Parliament

Election # of
overall seats won
+/- Party
2009 [17]
9 / 18
Increase 1 Alliance
9 / 20
2014
7 / 20
Decrease 2 Alliance

See also

References

  1. ^ . Swedan saw a change in government from the traditionally dominant Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterna) to the Conservative/Liberal Alliance (Alliansen) of four center-right parties (Aylott and Bolin 2007: 621).
  2. . Gunvald Larsson now dominates the scene, which is fitting for a time when the Liberal–Conservative Alliansen coalition won the 2006 election in Sweden.
  3. ^ a b "Swedish Center-Right Alliance Leader Abandons Attempt to Form Government for Now". U.S. News & World Report. Reuters. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Swedish parties strike deal to end political deadlock". www.thelocal.se. 2019-01-11. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  5. ^ Kudo, Per; Svensson, Frida (11 January 2019). "Busch Thor: Alliansen är ett avslutat kapitel | SvD". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  6. ^ "Allians för Sverige" (PDF) (in Swedish). Allians för Sverige. 31 August 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  7. ^ "Program för arbete" (PDF) (in Swedish). Allians för Sverige. 31 August 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Ännu fler ministrar". Aftonbladet. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  9. ^ "En tunn agenda för reformer". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 4 October 2005. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  10. ^ Ewing, Adam (14 June 2006). "Alliance agrees to keep nuclear". The Local. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  11. ^ Ewing, Adam (4 July 2006). "Alliance to abolish property tax". The Local. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  12. ^ "Fler i arbete – mer att dela på" (PDF) (in Swedish). Allians för Sverige. 23 August 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  13. ^ "Autumn Budget Bill: Putting Sweden to work - a good deal for all". Ministry of Finance. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  14. Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå. Archived from the original
    on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  15. ^ Anders Kjellberg (2011) "The Decline in Swedish Union Density since 2007" Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies (NJWLS) Vol. 1. No 1 (August 2011), pp. 67-93
  16. ^ Anders Kjellberg and Christian Lyhne Ibsen (2016) "Attacks on union organizing: Reversible and irreversible changes to the Ghent-systems in Sweden and Denmark" in Trine Pernille Larsen and Anna Ilsøe (eds.)(2016) Den Danske Model set udefra (The Danish Model Inside Out) - komparative perspektiver på dansk arbejdsmarkedsregulering, Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag (pp.279-302)
  17. ^ From December 2011 Sweden was allocated 2 more seats

External links