Page semi-protected

Baykar Bayraktar TB2

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Bayraktar TB2
Bayraktar TB2 Runway.jpg
Bayraktar TB2 of the Turkish Air Force
Role Unmanned combat aerial vehicle
National origin Turkey
Manufacturer Baykar
First flight August 2014; 7 years ago (2014-08)
Status In service
Primary users Turkey
See Operators
Number built >300[1][2]
Developed from Bayraktar TB1
Developed into Bayraktar TB3

The Bayraktar TB2 is a medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations. It is manufactured by the Turkish company Baykar Makina Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., primarily for the Turkish Armed Forces.[3] The aircraft are monitored and controlled by an aircrew in a ground control station, including weapons employment. The development of the UAV has been largely credited to Selçuk Bayraktar, a former MIT graduate student.[4]

As of 26 November 2021, the TB2 drone had completed 400,000 flight-hours globally.[5][2] The largest operator of TB2 drones is the Turkish military but an export model has been sold to the militaries of a number of other countries.[6][7] Turkey has used the drone extensively in strikes on Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and People's Protection Units (YPG) targets in Iraq and Syria.[8][9][10][11] In the subsequent years, Bayraktar drones were deployed by a number of other nations around the world in various wars, such as by Azerbaijan in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war and by Ukrainian forces during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[12][13]

Development

The development of the Bayraktar TB2 had been spurred by a U.S. ban on exports of armed unmanned aircraft to Turkey due to concerns they would be used against PKK groups inside and outside Turkey.[11]

Baykar started developing a new combat tactical aerial vehicle system at the request of the Presidency of Defense Industries, after the experiences of its first tactical UAV, the Bayraktar Çaldıran or Bayraktar TB1, delivered to the Turkish army in 2011.[14] The Bayraktar TB2 made its maiden flight in August 2014.[15] On 18 December 2015, a video was published of a test firing of a missile from the Bayraktar TB2, a result of a collaboration with Roketsan. Roketsan's MAM and TUBITAK-SAGE's BOZOK laser-guided bombs were tested for the first time.[16][17][18][19][excessive citations]

Components and technologies

The aircraft previously relied on imported and regulated components and technologies such as Rotax 912 engines[20] (manufactured in Austria) and optoelectronics (FLIR sensors imported from Wescam in Canada or Hensoldt from Germany). Bombardier Recreational Products, owner of Rotax, suspended delivery of their engines to certain countries in October 2020, after becoming aware of their military use despite being certified for civil use only.[20][21]

According to British newspaper The Guardian, the arming of the Bayraktar TB2 would not have been possible without the help of the UK Hornet micro-munitions bomb rack by EDO MBM Technology Ltd. The bomb rack was provided to Turkey in 2015, and a variant of it was integrated into the aircraft by EDO MBM and Roketsan.[22] In response to The Guardian newspaper article, Baykar Chief Technical Officer Selçuk Bayraktar denied that the bomb rack came from the UK. "We are not buying it from you, we never did. It not only does not work under any circumstances but is also very expensive", Bayraktar said on Twitter. "We have designed and manufactured a more advanced and cost-effective one ourselves."[23]

On 19 August 2020 the UK Department for International Trade (DIT) disclosed details of a six-year history of exports of the Hornet bomb rack to Turkey between 2014 and 2020 suggesting that supply of the critical technology to Turkey had continued well beyond the development stage of the Bayraktar TB2 and right up to the publication of the Guardian story in November 2019. "There were 18 Standard Individual Export Licence (SIEL) applications submitted by EDO MBM Technology between 2014–2020 for exports of goods 'related to Hornet Bomb Racks / Hornet Missile Launchers' to Turkey where the proposed exports were for end-users in Turkey. Of these, 16 licences were granted, and 2 applications were stopped."[24]

In October 2020 the use of the Canadian Wescam MX-15D system in the drone was disclosed after Armenian officials claimed that remains of a MX-15D system had been recovered from a downed TB2 drone during the nation's conflict with Azerbaijan. That triggered the stopping of MX-15D exports to Turkey while an investigation by Global Affairs Canada evaluates the use of Canadian technology in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.[25][26][27] Turkish industry responded to foreign sales boycotts by announcing provision of domestically manufactured alternatives including TEI PD170 engine (manufactured by TEI),[28][29] fuel valves and the CATS FLIR system (manufactured by Aselsan).[30] Integration tests with that system started on 6 November 2020.[31] Turkish defense industry researcher Kadir Doğan tweeted that cancellation of sales of components to Baykar by foreign companies did not pose a major problem, and that as of January 2021, all of those components have been replaced by locally manufactured alternatives.[32]

However, the majority of Baykar’s customers, including Ukraine, Poland, Morocco, and Kuwait, declined to purchase the Aselsan CATS electro-optical turret and opted to order the Wescam MX-15D through an authorized distributor.[33] Reasons include a weight increase from 45 to 61 kg (99 to 134 lb), general performance, and compatibility with existing fleet.[33]

Characteristics

Design

The Bayraktar TB2 platform has a blended wing body design with an inverted V-tail structure. Thrust is generated by a variable pitch two-blade propeller in pusher configuration. The propeller is mounted between the tail booms and driven by an internal combustion engine located in the body. The monocoque platform is modular with detachable main items such as wing, tail boom, and V-tails. Fuselage pieces are made mostly of carbon fiber composite with machined aluminum parts at joints. Fuel is stored within bladder tanks and fuel consumption is balanced with solenoid valves.

The ground control station (GCS) is based on a NATO spec shelter unit which is equipped with cross redundant command and control systems. The mobile unit supports three personnel: pilot, payload operator and mission commander. The GCS is equipped with redundant air conditioners and nuclear, biological and chemical filtration (NBC) filtering unit. All hardware inside the shelter is placed inside racked cabinets. Each operator has dual screens in front along with the operator interface software used for real-time command, control and monitoring.[34]

While the Turkish Armed Forces describes Bayraktar TB2 as "Tactical UAV Class" to prevent it from being a competitor to the TAI Anka UAV, international standards would classify it as a medium-altitude long-endurance UAV.[35][36]

Configuration

Each TB2 is configured with six aerial vehicle platforms,[clarification needed] two ground control stations, three ground data terminals (GDT), two remote video terminals (RVT) and ground support equipment.[citation needed] Each aerial platform is equipped with a triply redundant avionics system. Its ground control system's cross redundant architecture allows for pilot, payload operator and mission commander to command, control and monitor the platform.[37]

Digital flight control system

The TB2 has a triple-redundant flight control system with autonomous taxi, takeoff, cruise, landing and parking capability. The computerized flight control system is the primary component, conducting sensor fusion algorithms with the real-time sensor data. Mission-specific controls are handled through the mission control computer system. The aerial platform is guided through various redundant rotary and linear servo actuators. All of the main airborne avionics equipment, software and hardware are under constant development.[38]

The electronic power supply that powers the onboard systems is supported with triple alternators and balanced, smart lithium-ion battery units. A ruggedized heated camera unit is placed in the tail section of the platform to monitor flight and all payload and telemetry data are recorded to the airborne data recorder. The redundancy architecture of the avionics supports autonomous emergency landings on different airfields if necessary. Sensor fusion algorithms, including an inertial navigation system, allow navigation and auto landing even with loss of global positioning signals.[38]

Operational history

Turkey's counterterrorism operations

Bayraktar TB2 loaded with MAM-L

The Turkish military's use of the TB2 gained prominence in counterinsurgency operations against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and People's Protection Units (YPG) militants positions across the border in Iraq and Syria.[8][9][10][11]

On 30 June 2018, one Turkish Air Force Bayraktar TB2 crashed due to technical problems in Hatay province, Turkey.[39][40]

On 15 August 2018, Turkish Land Forces successfully used Bayraktar TB2 in a joint cross-border operation of the Turkish Armed Forces and the National Intelligence Organization of Turkey to kill the senior (PKK) leader and board member of the Kurdistan Communities Union İsmail Özden in Sinjar District, northwestern Iraq.[41]

Turkish military used combined UAV and artillery tactics in Syria against the PKK-linked YPG. According to Turkey the number of militant killed or wounded rose to 449 by use of armed TB2 and 680 were indirectly in operations assisted by air support from the UAV.[8]

On 16 May 2021, one Bayraktar TB2 crashed in Zebari, Northern Iraq, Kurdish militants claimed they shot down the drone.[42]

Libya

In June 2019, international news media reported that Libya's UN-recognized[43] Government of National Accord (GNA) used Bayraktar TB2s to strike an airbase held by General Haftar's Libyan National Army (LNA). Despite the UN embargo on Libya's ongoing civil war, it is suspected that at least 3 Bayraktar TB2 UCAV were being used over Tripoli by the GNA government forces. On 6 June 2019, two GNA TB2 drones are destroyed along an operation room by LNA attacks on Mitiga Airport.[44][45] Video evidence showed at least one TB2 flying over Tripoli[46] about to land at Mitiga's Military section, under control of GNA-allied forces.

  • On 14 May 2019, a GNA TB2 is destroyed by LNA defenses in Al -Jufra area.[47][48]
  • On 6 June 2019, two GNA TB2s are destroyed along an operation room by LNA attacks on Mitiga Airport.[44][45]
  • On 30 June 2019, a TB2 is destroyed by LNA defenses.[49][44]
  • On 25 July 2019, two LNA Ilyushin Il-76TD cargo planes are destroyed on the ground in al-Jufra Air base by an attack made by TB2 drones.[50] A GNA TB2 is shot down near al-Jufra airbase during the same attack.[51]
  • On 14 December 2019, a GNA TB2 is shot down in Ain Zara, Tripoli.[52][53]
  • On 2 January 2020, a GNA TB2 is shot down south of Mitiga Airport, Tripoli.[54][53]
  • On 22 January 2020, a TB2 drone with GNA markings is shot down by LNA forces after taking off from Mitiga International Airport.[55][53]
  • On 25 February 2020, the LNA shoot down a GNA TB2, providing a video of the wreck.[56][57]
  • On 26 February 2020, the LNA shoot down another GNA TB2, providing video of the wreck.[57][58]
  • On 31 March 2020, the LNA shot down two GNA TB2 drones near Tripoli;[59] one in Misrata Air College and another in Al-Tawaisha.[60]
  • On 5 April 2020, a GNA TB2 is shot down by LNA forces in Alwashka, Libya.[53]
  • On 11 April 2020, a GNA TB2 is shot down in Tarhuna.[61][53]
  • On 16 April 2020, a GNA TB2 was shot down near Tarhuna.[62]
  • On 17 April 2020, two GNA TB2 drones are shot down; one near Bani Walid[63] and another in the South near Wadi dinar.[64]
  • On 18 April 2020, a GNA TB2 is shot down by LNA forces south of Tripoli.[65][66]
  • On 2 May 2020, a GNA TB2 is destroyed at Arada, near Mitiga Airport, downed by LNA forces.[67][53]
  • On 12 May 2020, a GNA TB2 is shot down near Ash Shwayrif, Tripoli.[68][53]
  • On 21 May 2020, Libyan National Army's Pantsir missile system shot down two GNA drones; one TAI Anka drone near Tarhuna city[69] and one TB2 near Jebel Sherif.[70]
  • On 7 June 2020, a GNA TB2 was shot down by LNA forces near Sirte.[53]
  • 8 June 2020, a GNA TB2 was shot down by LNA forces as it attempted to bomb LNA forces in Sirte.[71][53]
  • By 1 July 2020, at least 16 TB2 drones were reported shot down or lost on Libya during six months of fighting[72] and 23 were reported lost since LNA offensive in Western Libya that began in April 2019.[59]

Syria

In March 2020 Bayraktar TB2s, Anka-S UAVs, and an array of Koral electronic jammers were deployed and extensively used in coordinated action to strike Syrian Army targets on the ground during the Operation Spring Shield launched by Turkey following losses the Turkish forces incurred at the hands of the Russian forces in northwestern Syria at the end of February 2020.[73][74][75] The deployment was assessed by experts to be a success and a tactical game-changer.[76][77][78]

During the week of fighting, Turkish drones took out 73 Syrian armed vehicles.[79] Russian sources said that the Russian-backed Syrian air defences claimed the destruction of seven Bayraktar TB2 UAVs by 5 March 2020.[80] However, there is only visual evidence for three Bayraktar drones being shot down.[81][82][83][84]

On 23 August 2020, another Bayraktar TB2 drone was shot down by Syrian Air Defenses near Kafr Nabl, Idlib after being detected spotting targets for Syrian rebels.[85][86]

On 22 October 2021, Turkey launched a surprise attack using Bayraktar TB2s on the Syrian town of Ayn al-Arab, destroying several vehicles and killing a passenger of a car, a suspected member of a Kurdish rebel group.[87]

Azerbaijan and 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war

Bayraktar TB2 at 2020 Victory Parade in Baku
, Azerbaijan

In June 2020, the Defence Minister of Azerbaijan, Zakir Hasanov, announced that Azerbaijan had decided to purchase Bayraktar drones from Turkey.[88] During the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, Bayraktar TB2s were used against Armed Forces of Armenia with great success.[89] Azerbaijan used TB2s to destroy Armenian artillery, infantry positions and military vehicles, including BM-30 Smerch MLRS, T-72 tanks, BMP-1 and BMP-2 IFVs.[90][91] Nine Osa and Strela-10 air defense systems were also destroyed by Azerbaijani drones, likely TB2s.[90] On 19 October 2020, a Turkish-made Bayraktar TB-2 was shot down by air defenses of the Armenian Army over Nagorno-Karabakh.[92][93] On 8 November 2020, another Azerbaijani Bayraktar TB2 was shot down by air defense, in southeastern Nagorno-Karabakh.[94]

Ukraine and 2022 Russian invasion

As a part of its military modernization program the Armed Forces of Ukraine purchased 12 Bayraktar TB2s in 2019.[95][96] In January 2019, Baykar signed an agreement with Ukrspetsproject, part of Ukroboronprom, on the purchase of 12 TB2 and 3 ground control stations worth US$69 million for the Ukrainian army.[97][98] Ukraine received the first batch of the UAVs in March 2019[99] at a cost of one to two million dollars.[100] After successful testing of the aircraft, the Ukrainian Navy placed a separate order for six TB2s, to be delivered in 2021, according to navy officials.[101] Meanwhile, Turkish and Ukrainian officials announced the establishment of a joint venture to produce 48 additional Bayraktar TB2s in Ukraine.[102] The first batch of the Bayraktar TB2 complex was delivered to the Navy in July 2021.[103]

During a Russian military buildup in Crimea and near Ukraine's borders, a TB2 conducted a reconnaissance flight over the Donbas region on 9 April 2021. This was the first operational use of the aircraft by Ukrainian forces within an active conflict zone.[104][105] In October 2021, a TB2 drone was used for the first time in combat during the war, targeting a Russian separatist artillery position, destroying a D-30 howitzer, and halting the bombardment of Ukrainian troops near Hranitne.[106]

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, TB2 drones have been used by Ukraine’s armed forces against Russian forces and equipment.[107] In January prior to the invasion, the spokesperson for the air force command Lt. Col. Yuri Ignat confirmed that "Ukraine has approximately 20 Bayraktar drones, but we will not stop there".[108] On 2 March, Ukrainian defense minister Oleksii Reznikov announced the arrival of additional TB2 drones.[109]

On 24 February, the day of invasion, the People's Militia of the Luhansk People’s Republic claimed it shot down two TB2 drones near the city of Luhansk.[110] On 27 February, Ukraine’s air force confirmed two strikes by TB2 on Russian convoys in the Kherson and Zhytomyr regions.[111] According to video footage released by the armed forces, TB2 drones have successfully destroyed on different occasions a Russian command post, military vehicles including a tank; different types of trucks, surface-to-air missile systems including Buk, multiple rocket launcher (MLRS), and an electronic warfare system.[107][111][112] The drone also reportedly destroyed two Russian fuel trains.[113]

The chief of Ukraine’s air force Lt. Gen. Mykola Oleshchuk called the UAV system "life-giving".[114] The popularity of the drone in Ukraine led to a song, "Bayraktar" being written about the drone while throwing insults at the Russian army and the invasion.[115]

On 26 February 2022, two TB2 drones were claimed to have been shot down near Schastia.[116] On 17 March 2022, a Bayraktar TB2 was shot down over Kyiv; Russia published images of the drone wreckage.[117] A second TB2 drone was shot down on 29 March 2022, in eastern Ukraine[118][119] On 2 April a third TB-2 drone was shot down.[120][121]

On 12 April 2022, one Bayraktar TB2 was claimed to be shot down by Russian frigate Admiral Essen off the coast of Crimea.[122][123]

On 13 April 2022, Ukrainian sources claimed at least two R-360 Neptune missiles were responsible for the sinking of the Russian cruiser Moskva – causing a explosion on one of the ship's exposed deckside missile tubes. Drones, likely TB2s, were alleged to have helped decoy the cruiser’s defences.[124][125]

On 26 and 27 April, Russian media claimed that three additional TB2 drones were destroyed, two in Kursk Oblast[126][127] and the third in Belgorod Oblast, Russia by a Pantsir-S1.[128][129]

On 1 May, a TB2 drone with registration S51T was shot down in Kursk region, Russia.[130] TB2 losses amounted to seven units confirmed visually.[131]

On 2 May, Bayraktar drones operated by Ukraine attacked and destroyed two Russian Raptor-class patrol boats near Snake Island.[132]

On 7 May, a TB2 drone attacked and destroyed a Russian Mil Mi-8 transport helicopter as it was unloading passengers on Snake Island.[133] In the same deployment, a TB2 drone destroyed a Tor missile launcher on the island, while a second launcher was destroyed as it was being unloaded from a landing craft. This cleared the way for a bombing run by Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 'Flanker' aircraft against buildings on the island.[134]

On 23 May 2022, the remains of a Ukrainian Bayraktar TB2, tail number 75 is found in Romanian territorial waters by Romanian authorities. The drone was likely shot down during the Snake Island attacks made by Ukraine in May 2022.[135][136]

Ethiopia and Tigray

Ethiopian forces have reportedly been using the TB2 against the TPLF in the Tigray War. Satellite images have shown TB2 drones in Harar Meda airbase, and debris of MAM-L guided munition have been found in Tigray.[137][138][139] On 7 January 2022, a drone strike killed nearly 60 civilians and injured dozens more in a camp of internally displaced people in Dedebit in Tigray; the missile used was a MAM-L exclusively used with the Turkish-made TB2 drone.[140]

Variants

A Bayraktar TB2 (far right) alongside other drones manufactured by Baykar, including the Bayraktar Mini, Bayraktar TB1, Bayraktar Akinci, Bayraktar Cezeri and the Bayraktar Kızılelma

Bayraktar TB2S

In October 2020, Baykar CTO Selçuk Bayraktar showed the new, improved version of TB2, named TB2S. In Selçuk Bayraktar's Twitter post, the TB2S has a protrusion on its body and an antenna on its nose for satellite communication (SATCOM).[141][142] In the basic model of TB2, communication between the aircraft and the control station was via ground-based antenna. Communication via the TÜRKSAT satellite provides a much bigger control range than the 150–300 km range of the basic model. The satellite communication will also make the TB2S more resistant to the jamming of communication by the enemy.[143] The SATCOM-integrated TB2S made its maiden flight on 4 December 2020.[144]

Popular culture

War in Ukraine

The drone has become popular in Ukraine, being used for naming pets and in song lyrics.[145] A song titled "Bayraktar" was named after the drone.[146]

Operators

On order

Possible sales

Specifications (TB2)

UMTAS missile used with TB2[209]

Specifications for the Bayraktar TB2 (not TB2S) from Baykar Defence.[210]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 0 onboard, 3 per ground control station
  • Length: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
  • Wing span: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
  • Max. take-off mass: 700 kg (1,500 lb)
  • Payload: 150 kg (330 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × 100 hp (75 kW) Rotax 912-iS internal combustion engine with injection
  • Propeller: 2-bladed variable-pitch
  • Fuel capacity: 300 litres (79 US gal)
  • Fuel type: gasoline (petrol)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 knots (220 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 70 knots (130 km/h)
  • Range: up to 4,000 km (2,200 nmi)[211]
  • Communication range: line-of-sight propagation, < 300 kilometres (190 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,600 m)
  • Operational altitude: 18,000 ft (5,500 m)
  • Endurance: 27 hours[211]

Armaments

Avionics

  • Interchangeable EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor systems or Multi Mode AESA Radar:
    • Aselsan CATS EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor (current production)[222][223][224][225]
    • WESCAM MX-15D EO/IR/LD imaging and targeting sensor (production till October 2020)[26]
  • Garmin GNC 255A navigation/communication transceiver[226]

See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References

  1. ^ "300'üncü Bayraktar TB2 göklerde". Savunma Sanayi (Turkish Defence Industry) (in Turkish). 5 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Bayraktar TB2 SİHA'dan 400 bin uçuş saati". TRT Haber (in Turkish). 26 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Bayraktar TB2". Military Factory. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Baykar İnsansız Hava Aracı Sistemleri | Selçuk Bayraktar". Baykarsavunma.com.
  5. ^ BAYKAR [@BaykarTech] (26 November 2021). "#BayraktarTB2 UAV has successfully completed 400,000 flight hours!" (Tweet). Retrieved 26 November 2021 – via Twitter.
  6. ^ "How drones are changing the game". Israel National News. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Droning On in the Middle East". American Purpose. 5 April 2021. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Turkey's Bayraktar TB2 drones enable swift, precise victory against YPG/PKK in Syria's Afrin". Daily Sabah. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Battle for Idlib: Turkey's drones and a new way of war". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Turkey's Drone War in Syria – A Red Team View". Small Wars Journal. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  11. ^ a b c "Revealed: how UK technology fuelled Turkey's rise to global drone power". The Guardian. 27 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Ukraine credits Turkish drones with eviscerating Russian tanks and armor in their first use in a major conflict". Business Insider. 28 February 2022.
  13. ^ Gatopoulos, Alex. "The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is ushering in a new age of warfare". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  14. ^ "Bayraktar Caldiran UAV" (PDF). E-dergi.tubitak.gov.tr. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Milli İHA'ya yerli füze takıldı!". Haber7. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018.
  16. ^ Youtube Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine May I present to you eventually, 100% Turkish manufactured armed UAV: Bayraktar TB2
  17. ^ "Official video footage of Turkish UCAV tests". YouTube. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  18. ^ "Yerli IHA ilk harekatinda 5 teroristi vurdu". 8 September 2016. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016.
  19. ^ "Bayraktar ilk silahlı operasyonunu PKK'ya yaptı". Kokpit.Aero. 12 September 2016. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016.
  20. ^ a b Albert L (28 October 2020). "Bombardier Recreational Products suspends aircraft engine exports over UCAV use concerns". OVD. Overt Defense. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  21. ^ Levon Sevunts (25 October 2020). "Bombardier Recreational Products suspends delivery of aircraft engines used on military drones". CBC.
  22. ^ Sabbagh, Dan; McKernan, Bethan (27 November 2019). "Revealed: how UK technology fuelled Turkey's rise to global drone power". Theguardian.com.
  23. ^ "Turkish drone maker slams Guardian report it used British technology". Ahval. 28 November 2019.
  24. ^ "EDO MBM Technology Ltd Export licence end users – a Freedom of Information request to Department for International Trade". WhatDoTheyKnow. 29 June 2020.
  25. ^ Sevunts, Levon (20 October 2020). "Armenia claims it found Canadian tech on downed Turkish drone". cbc.ca.
  26. ^ a b Levon Sevunts (5 October 2020). "Canada suspends exports of military drone technology to Turkey". CBC News.
  27. ^ Cevheri Güven (17 October 2020). "Canadian decision to halt tech exports exposes key weakness in Turkish drone industry". Turkish Minute.
  28. ^ "British Andair company stopped supplying parts to Bayraktar TB2 UAVs". defenceturk.net (in Turkish). 16 January 2021. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  29. ^ Aksan, Sertaç (30 October 2020). "The new actor of the skies will come with a domestic engine". TRT Haber (in Turkish). Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  30. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 completed shooting tests with ASELSAN CATS domestic optical camera component". defenceturk.net (in Turkish). 6 November 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  31. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 test-fires local ammo using Turkey-made electro-optical system". Daily Sabah. 6 November 2020.
  32. ^ "Replacements for Bayraktar TB2's halted components can be 'easily produced'". defenceturk.net (in Turkish). 15 January 2021. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  33. ^ a b "CANADA/POLAND/TURKEY : Aselsan's new sensor ball fails to convince the foreign market - 23/02/2022". Intelligence Online. 23 February 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  34. ^ "Bayraktar's Tactical UAV Demonstrates Outstanding Performance Beyond Its Class". Military Science Intelligence Magazine Turkey. 1 June 2014.[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "Turkey Steadily Builds UAV Capabilities". 13 May 2014. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014.
  36. ^ "Turkey's unmanned ambitions shift up gear". 6 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014.
  37. ^ "Turkey's unmanned ambitions shift up gear". 6 March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014.
  38. ^ a b "Bayraktar Taktik İHA". 8 June 2014. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014.
  39. ^ "Turkish Air Force Bayraktar TB-2S armed drone crashed in Hatay province". 2 July 2018.
  40. ^ "Hatay'da Bayraktar İHA'sı düştü" (in Turkish). 30 June 2018.
  41. ^ "3 gün adım adım izlendi, son darbeyi SİHA indirdi!". Gazetevatan (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  42. ^ "Guerrillas shoot down Turkish killer drone Bayraktar TB2". ANFNews.
  43. ^ "As Libya marks 64th independence anniversary, UN envoy urges unity behind new Government". United Nations. 24 December 2015. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016.
  44. ^ a b c "Letter dated 29 November 2019 from the Panel of Experts on Libya established pursuant to resolution 1973 (2011) addressed to the President of the Security Council" (PDF). United Nations Security Council. 9 December 2019. p.32 The Panel is aware that two Bayraktar TB2 UCAVs were destroyed by HAF air strikes against the Misrata air academy on 6 and 7 June 2019, with a third shot down by HAF on 30 June 2019, but combat losses have reportedly been much higher
  45. ^ a b "Libya:Drone test laboratory for a new type of air warfare". Air & Cosmos International. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  46. ^ "Libya: Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 UAV seen at the GNA-held airbase". Military Africa. Military Africa. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  47. ^ "Letter dated 29 November 2019 from the Panel of Experts onLibya established pursuant to resolution 1973 (2011) addressed to the President of the Security Council" (PDF). United Nations Security Council. 9 December 2019. p.297 Summary of HAF Bayraktar TB2 UCAV destroyed (14 May 2019 to date) 14 May 2019 Confirmed by Imagery
  48. ^ "(VIDEO) LNA shoots down a drone of GNA's militias". 14 May 2019. Archived from the original on 16 May 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  49. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 226717 (The military drone was apparently shot down by LNA.)". aviation-safety.net. 1 July 2019.
  50. ^ "Libya's deadly game of drones". Arabian Aerospace. 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 August 2021. On July 25, several Bayraktars were used to attack and subsequently destroy two Ilyushin Il-76 military transport aircraft operated by Ukraine's Air Europe airfreight company, at Al Jufra Air Base. A hangar was also destroyed at the base, which was being used as a key staging post for supporters of General Haftar's LNA.
  51. ^ "Letter dated 29 November 2019 from the Panel of Experts onLibya established pursuant to resolution 1973 (2011) addressed to the President of the Security Council" (PDF). United Nations Security Council. 9 December 2019. p.297 Summary of HAF Bayraktar TB2 UCAV destroyed (14 May 2019 to date) 25 July 2019 Confirmed by Imagery
  52. ^ "What we know about the drone shot down in Tripoli". Italian Military Radar. 14 December 2019. Archived from the original on 5 August 2021.
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Drone Crash Database". Dronewars.net. 25 November 2010.
  54. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 231892". Aviation Safety Network. 4 January 2020.
  55. ^ "GNA drone shot down in Tripoli". Italian Military Radar. 22 January 2020.
  56. ^ "Libyan Army shoots down Turkish aircraft in southern Tripoli". Al-Masdar News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  57. ^ a b "VIDEO Two GNA drones shot down in Tripoli". Italian Military Radar. 26 February 2020.
  58. ^ "New drone shot down south of Tripoli". Asharq Al-Awsat. 27 February 2020.
  59. ^ a b "LNA Downs Another Turkish Bayraktar Drone Loaded at Mitiga Airbase". Almarsad.co. 31 March 2020.
  60. ^ "New drone shot down south of Tripoli". Italian Military Radar. 31 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Latest Updates on Libya, 12 April 2020". Islamic World news. 12 April 2020.
  62. ^ "More Turkish UAVs shot down in Libya". ANF News. 18 April 2020.
  63. ^ "Drone Losses Impact Turkey's Fighting in Libya | Small Wars Journal". smallwarsjournal.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  64. ^ "A Turkish drone shot down in Libya". Islamic World News.
  65. ^ "Libya: the drones' nightmare". Italian Military Radar. 20 April 2020.
  66. ^ "الجيش الليبي يسقط طائرة تركية مسيرة جنوب طرابلس". Sky News Arabia (in Arabic). 18 April 2020.
  67. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 235730". Aviation Safety Network. 5 May 2020.
  68. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 236038". Aviation Safety Network. 15 May 2020.
  69. ^ "Hot market for UAV destruction in Libya!". Islamic World News. 23 May 2020.
  70. ^ "Haftar's Pantsir System Shoots Down Libyan Army's Bayraktar TB2 Drone". Defenseworld.net. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  71. ^ "Libyan Army shoots down Turkish attack drone near Sirte: video". Al-Masdar News. 8 June 2020.
  72. ^ "Libyan War Claimed 25 Large military Drones in 2020". Defenseworld.net. 2 July 2020.
  73. ^ "Damage caused to Assad regime assets demonstrates Turkey's high UAV capabilities". dailysabah.com. 1 March 2020.
  74. ^ "Turkey's Killer Drone Swarm Poses Syria Air Challenge to Putin". Bloomberg News. 1 March 2020.
  75. ^ Karnozov, Vladimir (2 March 2020). "Fighter-bombers and Anka UAVs Downed as Turkey and Syria Exchange Blows". Aviation International News. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  76. ^ "Ten Hezbollah, Syrian Army Commanders Killed in Turkish Drone Strikes". defenseworld.net. 3 March 2020.
  77. ^ Gatopoulos, Alex (3 March 2020). "Battle for Idlib: Turkey's drones and a new way of war". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  78. ^ Petkova, Mariya (2 March 2020). "Turkish drones – a 'game changer' in Idlib". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  79. ^ "The Syrian Regime's Combat Losses in Spring 2020, and What Lies Ahead". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  80. ^ "Турецкая армия потеряла десять дронов над Идлибом за 3 дня". eadaily.com. 5 March 2020.
  81. ^ "Drone Crash Database". 1 July 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  82. ^ "Two Turkish Air Force Drone Reportedly Shot Down By Syrian Air Defense Over Idlib". 3 March 2020.
  83. ^ "Images of one of the Turkish drones shot down by Syrian Arab Army units in Idleb". Syrian Arab News Agency. 4 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  84. ^ "Wreckage Of Turkish Combat Drone Uncovered In Southeast Idlib (Photos)". Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  85. ^ "СРОЧНО: В Сирии сбит ударный беспилотник, координировавший вражеские удары (ФОТО)" [URGENT: An attack drone, coordinating enemy strikes, was shot down in Syria (PHOTOS)]. Rusvezna.ru (in Russian). 23 August 2020.
  86. ^ "Syrian air defenses shot down a Turkish attack UAV Bayraktar TB2". Avia-pro.net. 24 August 2020.
  87. ^ GDC (21 October 2021). "Turkish TB2 Drone Strike Killed Kurdish Leader in Syria". Global Defense Corp. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  88. ^ Anadolu Ajansı. "Azerbaijan to purchase combat drones from Turkey". Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  89. ^ "Turkish armed drones used against Armenia, Azerbaijan confirms". Middle East Eye. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  90. ^ a b c "Everything We Know About The Fighting That Has Erupted Between Armenia And Azerbaijan". The Drive. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  91. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 Armed UAVs operated by the Azerbaijan Air Force have destroyed 2 more Armenian Smerch MLRS platform". Cybershafarat. 30 October 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  92. ^ "Karabakh displays wreckage of Turkish Bayraktar drone (Video)". Panarmenian. 19 October 2020.
  93. ^ "Տեսնես' ինչքա՞ն "Բայրաքթար" ունեն". ՀՐԱՊԱՐԱԿ. 20 October 2020.
  94. ^ "Karabakh air defense shoots down another Turkey-made Bayraktar drone of Azerbaijan (photos)". Armenia News. 8 November 2020.
  95. ^ "Ukraine to buy five more Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones in 2021". Daily Sabah. 27 November 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  96. ^ Axe, David (9 April 2021). "Ukraine Might Field A Drone Strike Force—And It Could Knock Out Russian Tanks". Forbes. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  97. ^ "Ukraine signs agreement to procure Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones". The Defense Post. 12 January 2019. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  98. ^ a b "Ukraine, Turkey have signed deal for 12 Bayraktar TB2 UAVs, Poroshenko says". Daily Sabah. 12 January 2019. Archived from the original on 13 January 2019.
  99. ^ a b Sariibrahimoglu, Lale (11 March 2019). "Ukraine receives Bayraktar armed UAVs from Turkey". Jane's 360. Ankara. Archived from the original on 11 March 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  100. ^ "The Turkish Bayraktar TB2: Ankara's Renewed Prominence in the Drone Market". FINABEL European Army Interoperability Centre. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  101. ^ "Ukrainian Navy to receive Turkey's Bayraktar TB2 UAVs this year". Ukrinform.net. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  102. ^ "Ukrainian Navy Will Receive Turkish Bayraktar TB2 Drones This Year". Thedefensepost.com. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  103. ^ a b "Ukrainian military gets first Turkish Bayraktar UAV complex". www.ukrinform.net. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  104. ^ "Ukraine flies its first Turkish-made armed drone over Donbas". Aerotime.aero. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  105. ^ "Ukraine flies first Turkish-made strike drone over Donbas". Unian.info. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  106. ^ "Ukrainian Military Deploys Turkish-made Bayraktar Drone in Donbas". Defense World Net. 26 October 2021. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  107. ^ a b "Ukraine posts videos it says show Bayraktar drones blowing up Russian armor, further cementing their heroic status". Business Insider. 14 March 2022. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  108. ^ a b Zaman, Amberin (27 January 2022). "Turkish drones boost Ukrainian spirits amid fears of Russian invasion". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  109. ^ "Ukraine receives new batch of Bayraktar TB-2 drones from Turkey". Aero Time Hub. 2 March 2022.
  110. ^ "Ukraine's Turkish-made Bayraktar drones shot down – Russia". Aero Time Hub. 24 February 2022.
  111. ^ a b "Ukraine credits Turkish drones with eviscerating Russian tanks and armor in their first use in a major conflict". Business Insider. 28 February 2022.
  112. ^ "Ukraine's Secret Weapon Against Russia: Turkish Drones". Time. 1 March 2022.
  113. ^ "A cheap drone is giving Ukraine's military an edge against Russia". Quartz. 3 March 2022.
  114. ^ "Ukraine Says It Used Turkish-Made Drones to Hit Russian Targets". Wall Street Journal. 27 February 2022.
  115. ^ Kornhaber, Spencer (10 March 2022). "The Military Weapon That Has Become a Musical Touchstone in Ukraine". The Atlantic. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  116. ^ Tiwari, Sakshi (26 February 2022). "Zelensky 'Begs For Peace' As Russia Cripples Ukraine; Shoots-Down Its Most Sophisticated Bayraktar TB2 Drones – Reports". The EurAsian Times. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  117. ^ "Russian defense ministry shares photos of downed Ukrainian Bayraktar". 17 March 2022.
  118. ^ "Aviation Safey # 276935". Aviation Safety Network. 30 March 2022.
  119. ^ "Russia Has Shot Down A Second TB-2. It's Too Little, Too Late To Stop Ukraine's Killer Drones". Forbes. 31 March 2022.
  120. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 277049". Aviation Safety Network. 2 April 2022.
  121. ^ Axe, David (9 April 2022). "Russia Just Lost A Killer Drone Over Ukraine. It Can't Afford To Lose Many More". Forbes. At the same time, there’s photographic evidence that the Ukrainians have shot down at least one of Russia’s killer drones. Yes, the Russians have shot down at least three TB-2s, but the Ukrainians can afford to lose more drones.
  122. ^ "Russian frigate Admiral Essen destroys Ukrainian Bayraktar TB2 UAV". navyrecognition.com. 12 April 2022.
  123. ^ "Russia claims its frigate destroyed Ukrainian Bayraktar drone off Crimean coast – video". navaltoday.com. 12 April 2022.
  124. ^ Henry Holloway and The Sun (15 April 2022). "Sneaky way Ukraine distracted Russian warship Moskva". news.com.au.
  125. ^ Hambling, David (14 April 2022). "Ukraine's Bayraktar Drone Helped Sink Russian Flagship Moskva". forbes.com.
  126. ^ "Появились снимки сбитых в Курской области беспилотников "Байрактар"". Vesti (in Russian). 25 April 2022.
  127. ^ "В Курской области нашли сбитый Байрактар с уцелевшей системой управления". avia.pro (in Russian). 27 April 2022.
  128. ^ "В приграничном районе Белгородской области сбили беспилотник «Байрактар ТБ2»". bel.ru (in Russian). 27 April 2022.
  129. ^ "The Russians Got Caught Faking A TB-2 Drone Shoot-Down". Forbes. 28 April 2022.
  130. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 277801". Aviation Safety Network. 1 May 2022.
  131. ^ "Ukraine Claims TB2 Drones Sunk Russian Patrol Boats Off Snake Island". The Drive. 2 May 2022.
  132. ^ "Ukraine Claims TB2 Drones Sunk Russian Patrol Boats Off Snake Island". The Drive. 2 May 2022.
  133. ^ "Ukrainian TB2 struck Russian Mi-8 just as troops are disembarking". bulgarianmilitary.com. 8 May 2022.
  134. ^ D'Urso, Stefano; Cenciotti, David (10 May 2022). "Bayraktar TB2 Videos Show New Wave Of Ukrainian Attacks Against Russian Forces On Snake Island". The Aviationist. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  135. ^ "Epava dronei ucrainene din apele României - un Bayraktar TB2. Foarte probabil UAV-ul a fost doborât în timpul bătăliei pentru Insula Șerpilor" (in Romanian). 23 May 2022.
  136. ^ "Imagini cu drona Bayraktar prăbuşită la Sulina. Ce performanţe are". Aderavul (in Romanian). 23 May 2022.
  137. ^ Gatopoulos, Alex. "How armed drones may have helped turn the tide in Ethiopia's war". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  138. ^ "Ethiopia-Turkey pact fuels speculation about drone use in Tigray war". The Guardian. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  139. ^ Plaut, Martin (4 October 2021). "Ethiopia: The drone identification plate pointing to Turkish drones being used in Tigray". Eritreahub.org. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  140. ^ "How Ethiopia used a Turkish drone in a strike that killed nearly 60 civilians". The Washington Post. 7 February 2022. Weapon remnants recovered from the site of the strike by aid workers showed internal components and screw configurations that matched images of Turkish-made MAM-L munitions released by the weapons manufacturer. The MAM-L pairs exclusively with the Turkish-made TB-2 drone.
  141. ^ "SATCOM'lu Bayraktar TB2 ilk kez görüntülendi" (in Turkish). savunmasanayist.com. 10 November 2020. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  142. ^ "Selçuk Bayraktar: "Uydu haberleşmesine sahip Bayraktar TB2/S SİHA'lar görevde"" (in Turkish). tolgaozbek.com. 20 February 2021. Archived from the original on 26 February 2021. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  143. ^ Hasan Hız (11 November 2020). "TB2 Bayraktar will be able to fly in every region covered by Türksat (Google Translate)". Yeni Şafak. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  144. ^ "SATCOM entegre edilen Bayraktar TB2S SİHA uçuş gerçekleştirdi" (in Turkish). defenceturk.net. 4 December 2020. Archived from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  145. ^ "Turkish drones have become a symbol of the Ukrainian resistance". 11 April 2022.
  146. ^ "Ukraine Has Written a Folk Song About Its Drone". 4 April 2022.
  147. ^ Herk, Hans van. "Turkey's key export success". Scramble.nl. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  148. ^ Coskun, Orhan; Spicer, Jonathan; Toksabay, Ece (14 October 2021). "Turkey expands armed drone sales to Ethiopia and Morocco – sources". Reuters.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  149. ^ Walsh, Declan (20 December 2021). "Foreign Drones Tip the Balance in Ethiopia's Civil War". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  150. ^ Spicer, Jonathan; Paravicini, Giulia; Coskun, Orhan (22 December 2021). "EXCLUSIVE U.S. concerned over Turkey's drone sales to conflict-hit Ethiopia". Reuters.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  151. ^ "Ethiopia - Turkey: Ankara's ongoing economic and military support". Theafricareport.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  152. ^ "تقدُّم خاطف للقوات الحكومية.. هل حسمت طائرات بيرقدار "بصمت" حرب إثيوبيا؟". Trtarabi.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  153. ^ "Turkish Drones Join Ethiopia's war, Satellite Imagery Confirms - Peace Organization PAX". Paxforpeace.nl. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  154. ^ "Turkey expands armed drone sales to Ethiopia and Morocco - sources". Reuters.com. 14 October 2021.
  155. ^ GDC (4 May 2021). "Turkey Offers Bayraktar TB2 Drones And MLRS To Kyrgyzstan". Global Defense Corp. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  156. ^ "Kyrgyzstan set to receive Turkish armed drones". Aa.com.tr. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  157. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 SİHA'ların Yeni Alıcısı Kırgızistan Oldu". Savunma Sanayi ST (in Turkish). 21 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  158. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Пограничная служба Кыргызстана получила БЛА "Байрактар TB2"". Armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 6 February 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  159. ^ "'Largest drone war in the world': How airpower saved Tripoli". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  160. ^ "Morocco to Receive 13 Bayraktar TB2 Combat Drones From Turkey". Thedefensepost.com. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  161. ^ "Morocco receives their first Turkish drones". Defense Arabia (in Arabic).
  162. ^ Latrech, Oumaima. "Morocco to Acquire 6 More Turkish Bayraktar TB2 Military Drones". Moroccoworldnews.com/. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  163. ^ "Morocco receives first Turkish Bayraktar TB2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle". Air Recognition. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  164. ^ "Nijer'e Bayraktar TB2 SİHA teslimatı". defenceturk.net (in Turkish). Defence Turk. 22 May 2022.
  165. ^ "Erdoğan discusses Turkey-Niger relations with Bazoum". Daily Sabah. 18 November 2021.
  166. ^ https://www.pakdefense.com/blog/pakistan-air-force/pakistan-air-force-officially-deploys-turkish-bayraktar-tb2-medium-altitude-long-endurance-tactical-combat-drone-for-combat-missions/
  167. ^ https://hindustannewshub.com/world-news/pakistan-has-turkeys-bayraktar-tb2-drone-to-wreak-havoc-on-russian-army-revealed-like-this/
  168. ^ "Turkey delivered Bayraktar TB2 drones to Qatari Emirati Armed Forces". Global Defense Corp. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  169. ^ "Bayraktar TB2". Baykar Defence. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  170. ^ "TB2 Gendermarie GC" (PDF). Setav.org. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  171. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 SİHA Delivery to Gendarmerie General Command". RayHaber | RaillyNews. 8 May 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  172. ^ sabah, daily (2 July 2016). "Turkish National Police starts using Bayraktar Unmanned Aerial Vehicle". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  173. ^ "6 Bayraktar TB2 UAVs Delivered to the Turkish National Police". Defenceturkey.com. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  174. ^ "Bayraktar TB2 İHA polisin emrinde". Haber.aero (in Turkish). 24 April 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  175. ^ Türkgün (11 May 2020). "Selçuk Bayraktar'dan heyecanlandıran paylaşım: Vatanımıza milletimize hayırlı uğurlu olsun". Turkgun.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  176. ^ "Bayraktar TB2, Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı'nın envanterine girdi". Takvim.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  177. ^ Özen, Ege Buğra (26 June 2019). "MİT envanterine Bayraktar TB2". AirTurkHaber.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  178. ^ "Bayraktar TB2'den yeni rekor: 300 bin uçuş saatini tamamladı". Trthaber.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  179. ^ Haber, Hava (25 June 2019). "THY'nin Rüya uçağının adını sen koy". Havahaber.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  180. ^ BAYKAR [@Baykar_Savunma] (20 December 2018). "Bugün, Çanakkale'de geçtiğimiz hafta Deniz Kuvvetleri'ne teslimatını gerçekleştirdiğimiz Bayraktar TB2 SİHA sistemini denetleyen Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanı Oramiral Adnan Özbal'a ve Donanma Komutanı Koramiral Ercüment Tatlıoğlu'na teşekkür ederiz. t.co/M1lvDZbruB" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Retrieved 29 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  181. ^ "Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanı TB2'yi üreten Baykar Savunma yönetimi ile bir araya geldi". Droneturk (in Turkish). 28 January 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  182. ^ "Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı'na teslim edilen SİHA ilk test uçuşunu yaptı". Milliyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  183. ^ Bayraktar, Selçuk [@Selcuk] (16 April 2019). "Deniz Kuvvetleri'mizin Bayraktar SİHA'sı Akdeniz semalarında ilk test uçuşunu yaptı. Bismillah Vira. ✈🚀🚢⚓️ 🇹🇷 #MilliTeknolojiHamlesi t.co/uoZ9qxYbCL" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Retrieved 29 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  184. ^ "Deniz Kuvvetleri'ne Bayraktar TB-2 teslimatı | SavunmaSanayiST" (in Turkish). 4 April 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  185. ^ Oryx. "Turkmenistan Parades Newly-Acquired Bayraktar TB2s". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  186. ^ Venckunas, Valius (3 March 2022). "Ukraine receives new batch of Bayraktar TB-2 drones from Turkey". Aero Time Hub. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  187. ^ Alemdar, Ahmet (5 October 2020). "Ukrayna 48 adet Bayraktar TB2 SİHA tedarik etmek istiyor".
  188. ^ GDC (27 July 2021). "Turkey delivers first Bayraktar TB2 UCAV to Ukrainian Navy". Global Defense Corp. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  189. ^ Ukrainian military gets first Turkish Bayraktar UAV complex, Ukrinform (15 July 2021)
  190. ^ "Ukraine to buy four more Bayraktar TB2 strike drones from Turkey – Commander-in-Chief". Ukrinform. 14 September 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  191. ^ "Irak'tan Bayraktar TB2, T129 ATAK ve EH Sistemleri Açıklaması". Savunmasanayist.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  192. ^ Iddon, Paul. "Why Iraq Would Want To Buy Turkish Drones And Attack Helicopters". Forbes.com. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  193. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Ирак подписал контракт на закупку восьми турецких БЛА "Байрактар TB2S"". Armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 6 February 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  194. ^ "Poland to become first NATO country to buy Turkish drones". Reuters. 22 May 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  195. ^ "Albania to purchase Bayraktar TB2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle". Air Recognition. 6 July 2021.
  196. ^ "Bulgaria with interest in buying Turkish Bayraktar TB2 UAVs". Bulgarianmilitary.com. 27 January 2021.
  197. ^ "Megerősítette a kormánybiztos: még egy halom új fegyverrendszer beszerzésén dolgozik Magyarország". Portfolio.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  198. ^ Népszava. "Mentés másként – Két ágazat is óriási vesztese lehet Orbánék mestertervének". nepszava.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  199. ^ "Kazakhstan may ditch Chinese UAVs for Turkish Bayraktar TB2s, Russian media claims". dailysabah.com. 29 November 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  200. ^ "Letonya Savunma Bakanı Pabriks Bayraktar TB2'yi inceledi". yenisafak.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  201. ^ Agency, Anadolu (9 June 2021). "Latvia wants to explore products Turkey offers in defense industry". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  202. ^ "Oman, Turkey and Bayraktar drones [Update No. 1]". Tactical Report. 13 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  203. ^ "Oman, Turkey and Bayraktar drones". Tactical Report. 11 February 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  204. ^ "Doğu Afrika Ülkesi Ruanda, Türkiye'den S/İHA Almak İstiyor" (in Turkish). 10 October 2021.
  205. ^ Agency, Anadolu (6 October 2020). "Serbia eyes buying Turkish-made combat drones". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  206. ^ "Serbia Considers Buying Turkish Armed Drones". Balkan Insight. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  207. ^ "Serbia Mends Fences With Azerbaijan After Arms Sales Spat – The Defense Post". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  208. ^ "Slovakia is also interested by the Turkish Bayraktar TB2 UAV". airrecognition.com. 13 April 2022.
  209. ^ Eshel, Tamir (19 December 2015). "Turkish UMTAS Missile Dropped From a Bayraktar Tactical Drone". Defense Update. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  210. ^ "Bayraktar TB2". www.baykartech.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  211. ^ a b "Turkey's indigenous Bayraktar drone breaks endurance record". Daily Sabah. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  212. ^ "New evidence reveals six-year history of UK supplies to Turkish killer drones". Freedom News. 15 January 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  213. ^ Roblin, Sebastien (2 March 2020). "Turkish Drones and Artillery Are Devastating Assad's Forces In Idlib Province-Here's Why". Forbes. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  214. ^ Frantzman, Seth J. (2 March 2020). "Turkish drones revolutionize Idlib conflict – analysis". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  215. ^ Review, Asian Military (25 March 2019). "Roketsan's Smart Micro Guided Munitions Boost Effectiveness of UAVs". Asian Military Review. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  216. ^ Eshel, Tamir (19 December 2015). "Turkish UMTAS Missile Dropped From a Bayraktar Tactical Drone | Defense Update". defense-update.com. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  217. ^ "Cırıt 2.75" Laser Guided Missile" (PDF). Roketsan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  218. ^ Bekdil, Burak Ege (8 August 2017). "Turkey To Outfit Drones with Local Mini Rocket". Defense News.
  219. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". Ssb.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  220. ^ Mehmet, Fatih (23 January 2020). "Asisguard ve Tübitak Sage TOGAN'ı SONGAR'a entegre etti". DefenceTurk (in Turkish). Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  221. ^ Hambling, David. "New Weapons From U.S. Could Rearm Ukraine's Bayraktar Drones". Forbes. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  222. ^ "CATS- COMMON APERTURE TARGETING SYSTEM- Electro-Optical Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Targeting System". Aselsan.com.tr.
  223. ^ "Turkish defense industry moving on despite embargoes". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  224. ^ "Wescam satışını durdurdu" (in Turkish). Tolgaozbek. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  225. ^ "SSB İsmail Demir: SİHA'larımızın CATS kameraları seri üretime geçiyor" (in Turkish). Defence Turk. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  226. ^ "Foreign Import of Locally-Built Bayraktar TB-2 Turkish Drone Parts". www.1lurer.am. Retrieved 8 April 2022.

External links

This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article: Baykar Bayraktar TB2. Articles is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.