|Charles XV & IV|
(m. 1850; died 1871)
|Mother||Josephine of Leuchtenberg|
|Religion||Church of Sweden|
Charles XV also Carl (Carl Ludvig Eugen);
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014)
He was born in
The aging King Charles XIV John would suffer a stroke on his 81st birthday in 1844, dying little more than a month later. His successor would be his son, Charles's father Oscar, who ascended the throne as King Oscar I of Sweden. Upon his father's accession to the throne in 1844, the youth Charles was made a chancellor of the universities of
The Crown Prince was
On 19 June 1850 he married in Stockholm
As Crown Prince, Charles's brusque manner led many to regard his future accession with some apprehension, yet he proved to be one of the most popular of Scandinavian kings and a constitutional ruler in the best sense of the word. His reign was remarkable for its manifold and far-reaching reforms. Sweden's existing municipal law (1862), ecclesiastical law (1863) and criminal law (1864) were enacted appropriately enough under the direction of a king whose motto was: Land skall med lag byggas – "With law shall the land be built".
Charles, like his father Oscar I, was an advocate of
Charles XV attained some eminence as a painter and as a poet. He was followed on the thrones of both Norway and Sweden by his brother Oscar II.
In 1872, Charles XV had controversial plans to enter a non-morganatic marriage with the Polish countess Marya Krasińska through the assistance of Ohan Demirgian, plans that aroused opposition both in the royal house and government and which were interrupted only by his death.
Charles's popularity often had him referred to colloquially as "Kron-Kalle" (Crown-Charlie).
By his wife, Louise of the Netherlands, Charles had two children, a son who died in infancy and a daughter who married the King of Denmark. The early death of his only legitimate son meant that he was succeeded on the throne of Sweden by his younger brother Oscar II.
|Louise Josephine Eugenie||31 October 1851||21 March 1926||married, 1869, Frederick VIII of Denmark; had issue including Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway.|
|Carl Oscar Vilhelm Frederik||14 December 1852||13 March 1854||died in infancy of pneumonia.|
Charles also sired an illegitimate son, Carl Johan Bolander, (4 February 1854 – 28 July 1903), the father of Bishop Nils Bolander, and daughter, Ellen Svensson Hammar (28 October 1865 – 1931), and it has been widely rumored that he had many more extramarital children.
No subsequent king of Sweden to this day is Charles's descendant. However, his descendants are or have been on the thrones of Denmark, Luxembourg, Greece, Belgium and Norway. A few weeks before Charles's death, his daughter Louise (then the Crown Princess of Denmark) gave birth to her second son. The young Prince of Denmark became christened as grandfather Charles's namesake. In 1905 this grandson, Prince
- National decorations
- Knight and Commander of the Seraphim, with Collar, 3 May 1826
- Knight of the Order of Charles XIII, 3 May 1826
- Commander Grand Cross of the Sword, 3 May 1826
- Commander Grand Cross of the Polar Star, 3 May 1826
- Grand Cross of St. Olav, with Collar, 3 May 1826
- Foreign decorations
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (civil), 16 September 1849
- Grand Cross of St. Stephen, 1850
- Spain: Knight of the Golden Fleece, 26 June 1855
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight of the Annunciation, 28 July 1861
- Duchy of Anhalt: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 5 June 1864
- Knight of St. Hubert, 1846
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, April 1864
- French Empire:
- Grand Cross of the Legion of honour
- Médaille militaire
- Grand Cross of the
- Kingdom of Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Kingdom of Hanover: Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order, 1849
- Mexican Empire: Grand Cross of the Mexican Eagle, with Collar, 1865
- Nassau: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau, July 1858
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Netherlands Lion
- Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Oak Crown
- Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Sash of the Three Orders
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- Russian Empire:
- Knight of St. Andrew
- Knight of St. Alexander Nevsky
- Knight of the White Eagle
- Knight of St. Anna, 1st Class
- Beylik of Tunis: Husainid Family Order
Prince of Sweden and Norway,
Duke of Scania (1826–1844)
Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway,
Duke of Scania (1844–1859)
King Charles XV of Sweden
Monogram of King Charles XV
|Ancestors of Charles XV|
- Article Karl in Nordisk familjebok
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- public domain: Bain, Robert Nisbet (1911). "Charles XV.". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). p. 932. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- "Karl 4, Konge (1826–1872)". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
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- Ohan Demirgian, urn:sbl:17456, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (art av Carl-Gustaf Thomasson.), hämtad 2014-12-13.
- "Karl XV 1859–1872".
- Ole Kristian Grimnes. "Haakon 7". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
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- "Liste des Membres de l'Ordre de Léopold", Almanach Royal Officiel (in French), 1850, p. 33 – via Archives de Bruxelles
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Caballeros de la insigne orden del toisón de oro", Guía Oficial de España (in Spanish), 1864, p. 155, retrieved 10 December 2019
- Cibrario, Luigi (1869). Notizia storica del nobilissimo ordine supremo della santissima Annunziata. Sunto degli statuti, catalogo dei cavalieri (in Italian). Eredi Botta. p. 118. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch für das Herzogthum Anhalt (1867), "Herzoglicher Haus-Orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 18
- Bayern (1867). Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1867. Landesamt. p. 8.
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
- Staat Hannover (1858). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1858. Berenberg. p. 70.
- "Seccion IV: Ordenes del Imperio", Almanaque imperial para el año 1866 (in Spanish), 1866, p. 243, retrieved 29 April 2020
- Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau: 1859. Schellenberg. 1859. p. 7.
- Liste der Ritter des Königlich Preußischen Hohen Ordens vom Schwarzen Adler (1851), "Von Seiner Majestät dem Könige Friedrich Wilhelm IV. ernannte Ritter" p. 23
- The Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav – Norwegian and Swedish Monarchs Grand Masters of the Order
- Family tree of the Royal Norwegian House
- Kings of Norway (in Norwegian)
- Much material on early kings (in Norwegian)
- The American Cyclopædia. 1879. .