List of rulers of Paphlagonia

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List of rulers of Paphlagonia, an ancient region and Hellenistic kingdom in northwestern Asia Minor.

Legendary kings of Paphlagonia

(according to Flavius Josephus)

(according to classic Greek mythology)

(according to Homer's Iliad)

Satraps of Paphlagonia under the Achaemenid Empire and the Macedonian Empire

(native Paphlagonian dynasty)

  • ca. 425–400 BCE: Corylas I.
  • ca. 400–380 BCE: Cotys I, son or brother of Corylas I.
  • ca. 380–364 BCE: Thuys I, son of Corylas I or Cotys I.

(Cappadocian dynasty)

(Achaemenid non-dynastic satraps)

(Macedonian satraps)

To the kingdom of Antigonus I Monophthalmus in 306–302 BCE…

To the kingdom of Pontus in 302–276 BCE…

To Galatia from 276 BCE…

Kings of Paphlagonia

(Galatian dynasty)

(Pontian dynasty)

(Galatian dynasty)

  • 119–108 BCE: Astreodon I, relative (probably brother) of Pylaemenes II.

(Bithynian dynasty)

(Pontian dynasty)

(Bithynian dynasty)

To Roman Republic in 74–73 BCE…

(Pontian dynasty)

To Roman Republic in 70–68 BCE…

(Pontian dynasty)

To Roman Republic in 66–65 BCE…

Client kings under Roman authority

(Bithynian dynasty)

  • 65 – 51 BCE: Pylaemenes IV, son of Pylaemenes III (co-ruler with brother).
  • 65 – 48 BCE: Attalus I, son of Pylaemenes III (co-ruler with brother to 51 BCE) [1st time].

(Pontian dynasty)

(Bithynian dynasty)

  • 47 – 40 BCE: Attalus I, son of Pylaemenes III [2nd time].

(Tectosagian dynasty)

To Roman Republic (under authority of Marcus Antonius) in 36–31 BCE…

(Tectosagian dynasty)

To Roman Empire (under authority of Augustus) in 6 BCE (merged with Galatia).

See also

Sources

  • Broughton, T. Robert S., The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol. I (1951)
  • Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Vol III (1867)
  • Truhart P., Regents of Nations. Systematic Chronology of States and Their Political Representatives in Past and Present. A Biographical Reference Book, Part 1: Antiquity Worldwide (2000).