Kansas City, Missouri

Coordinates: 39°05′59″N 94°34′42″W / 39.09972°N 94.57833°W / 39.09972; -94.57833
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Kansas City, Missouri
National WWI Museum and Memorial
US: 31st)
DemonymKansas Citian
GDP
 • Kansas City (MSA)$169.5 billion (2022)
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
ZIP Codes[4]
64XXX
FIPS code
29000–38000[5]
GNIS feature ID748198[6]
Websitekcmo.gov

Kansas City, Missouri (KC or KCMO) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri by population and area. Most of the city lies within Jackson County, with portions spilling into Clay, Platte, and Cass counties. It is the central city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, which straddles the MissouriKansas state line and has a population of 2,392,035.[7][8][9][2] As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 508,090,[10] making it the 37th most-populous city in the United States, as well as the sixth-most populous city in the Midwest.[11] Kansas City was founded in the 1830s as a port on the Missouri River at its confluence with the Kansas River from the west. On June 1, 1850, the town of Kansas was incorporated; shortly after came the establishment of the Kansas Territory. Confusion between the two ensued, and the name Kansas City was assigned to distinguish them soon after.

Sitting on Missouri's western boundary with Kansas, with Downtown near the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, the city encompasses about 319.03 square miles (826.3 km2), making it the 25th largest city by total area in the United States. It serves as one of the two county seats of Jackson County, along with the major satellite city of Independence. Other major suburbs include the Missouri cities of Blue Springs, Lee's Summit, Raytown, and Liberty; on the Kansas side of the metro area, major suburbs include the cities of Overland Park, Olathe, Lenexa, and Kansas City, Kansas.

The city is composed of several

Orpheum circuit in the 1920s; the many fountains throughout the city that it was nicknamed the "City of Fountains";[12] the Chiefs and Royals sports franchises; and cuisine such as Kansas City–style barbecue and strip steak
.

History

Kansas City, Missouri, was incorporated as a town on June 1, 1850, and as a city on March 28, 1853. The

area
, straddling the border between Missouri and Kansas at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers, was considered a good place to build settlements.

The Antioch Christian Church, Dr. James Compton House, and Woodneath are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13]

Exploration and settlement

The Kansas City Pioneer Square monument in Westport features Pony Express founder Alexander Majors, Westport/Kansas City founder John Calvin McCoy, and Mountain-man Jim Bridger who owned Chouteau's Store.

In past centuries, the area's tribal inhabitants include the

furs
.

To clear his name, he wrote Exact Description of Louisiana, of Its Harbors, Lands and Rivers, and Names of the Indian Tribes That Occupy It, and the Commerce and Advantages to Be Derived Therefrom for the Establishment of a Colony in 1713 and The Route to Be Taken to Ascend the Missouri River in 1714. In the documents, he describes the junction of the "Grande Riv[ière] des Cansez" and Missouri River, as the first adoption of those names. French cartographer Guillaume Delisle used the descriptions to make the area's first reasonably accurate map.

The

St. Louis, in the lower Missouri Valley as early as 1765 and in 1821 the Chouteaus reached Kansas City, where François Chouteau
established Chouteau's Landing.

After the Louisiana Purchase (1803)

In 1843, Kansas City was depicted in a history of Oregon.

After the 1803

mob violence in 1833, and their settlement remained vacant.[15]

In 1831, Gabriel Prudhomme Sr., a Canadian trapper, purchased 257 acres of land fronting the Missouri River. He established a home for his wife, Josephine, and six children. He operated a ferry on the river.[citation needed]

In 1833,

Westport Landing on a bend in the Missouri to serve as a landing point for West Port. He found it more convenient to have his goods offloaded at the Prudhomme landing than in Independence. Several years after Gabriel Prudhomme's death, a group of fourteen investors purchased his land at auction on November 14, 1838. By 1839, the investors divided the property and the first lots were sold in 1846 after legal complications were settled. The remaining lots were sold by February 1850.[citation needed
]

In 1850, the landing area was incorporated as the Town of Kansas.

– all passed through Jackson County.

On February 22, 1853, the City of Kansas was created with a newly elected mayor. It had an area of 0.70 square miles (1.8 km2) and a population of 2,500. The boundary lines at that time extended from the middle of the Missouri River south to what is now Ninth Street, and from Bluff Street on the west to a point between Holmes Road and Charlotte Street on the east.[17]

American Civil War

During the

Missouri expedition of 1864, also resulted in a Confederate triumph. Once again their victory proved hollow, as Price was decisively defeated in the pivotal Battle of Westport
the next day, effectively ending Confederate efforts to regain Missouri.

General

Thomas Ewing, in response to a successful raid on nearby Lawrence, Kansas, led by William Quantrill, issued General Order No. 11
, forcing the eviction of residents in four western Missouri counties – including Jackson – except those living in the city and nearby communities and those whose allegiance to the Union was certified by Ewing.

After Civil War

The junction of Main and Delaware Streets in 1898

After the Civil War, Kansas City grew rapidly. The selection of the city over Leavenworth, Kansas, for the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad bridge over the Missouri River brought significant growth. The population exploding after 1869, when Hannibal Bridge, designed by Octave Chanute, opened. The boom prompted a name change to Kansas City in 1889, and the city limits to be extended south and east. Westport became part of Kansas City on December 2, 1897. In 1900, Kansas City was the 22nd largest city in the country, with a population of 163,752 residents.[18]

Kansas City, guided by landscape architect

City Beautiful movement, offering a network of boulevards and parks.[19] New neighborhoods like Southmoreland and the Rockhill District were conceived to accommodate the city's largest residencies of palatial proportions.[citation needed
]

The relocation of

Liberty Memorial in 1923 provided two of the city's most identifiable landmarks. Robert A. Long, president of the Liberty Memorial Association, was a driving force in the funding for construction. Long was a longtime resident and wealthy businessman. He built the R.A. Long Building for the Long-Bell Lumber Company, his home, Corinthian Hall (now the Kansas City Museum) and Longview Farm.[citation needed
]

Further spurring Kansas City's growth was the opening of the innovative

J.C. Nichols in 1925, as part of his Country Club District plan.[citation needed
]

20th century streetcar system

The Kansas City streetcar system once had hundreds of miles of streetcars running through the city and was one of the largest systems in the country.[20] In 1903 the 8th Street Tunnel was built as an underground streetcar system through the city. The last run of the streetcar was on June 23, 1957, but the tunnel still exists.[21]

Pendergast era

At the start of the 20th century,

political machines gained clout in the city, with the one led by Tom Pendergast dominating the city by 1925. Several important buildings and structures were built during this time, including the Kansas City City Hall and the Jackson County Courthouse. During this time, he aided one of his nephew's friends, Harry S. Truman, in a political career. Truman eventually became a senator, then vice president, then president.[22]
The machine fell in 1939 when Pendergast, riddled with health problems, pleaded guilty to tax evasion after long federal investigations. His biographers have summed up his uniqueness:

Pendergast may bear comparison to various big-city bosses, but his open alliance with hardened criminals, his cynical subversion of the democratic process, his monarchistic style of living, his increasingly insatiable gambling habit, his grasping for a business empire, and his promotion of Kansas City as a wide-open town with every kind of vice imaginable, combined with his professed compassion for the poor and very real role as city builder, made him bigger than life, difficult to characterize.[23]

Troost redlining and white flight

Troost Avenue was once the eastern edge of Kansas City, Missouri and a residential corridor nicknamed Millionaire Row. It is now widely seen as one of the city's most prominent racial and economic dividing lines due to urban decay, which was caused by white flight.[24][25] During the civil rights era the city blocked people of color from moving to homes west of Troost Avenue, causing the areas east of Troost to have one of the worst murder rates in the country. This led to the dominating economic success of neighboring Johnson County.[26]

In 1950, African Americans represented 12.2% of Kansas City's population.[18] The city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic whites,[27] declined from 89.5% in 1930 to 54.9% in 2010.[18]

In 1940, the city had about 400,000 residents; by 2000, it had about 440,000. From 1940 to 1960, the city more than doubled its physical size, while increasing its population by only about 75,000. By 1970, the city covered approximately 316 square miles (820 km2), more than five times its size in 1940.[citation needed] Aggressively annexing the surrounding suburbs and undeveloped land spared Kansas City from the severe population loss suffered by cities like St. Louis and Detroit, similar cities which both lost over 50% of their population in the postwar era. In the most neglected neighborhoods, however, the same pattern of abandonment occurred and left behind massive numbers of vacant lots and abandoned homes, especially in the areas east of Troost.

Hyatt Regency walkway collapse

The Hyatt Regency walkway collapse was a major disaster that occurred on July 17, 1981, killing 114 people and injuring more than 200 others during a tea dance in the 45-story Hyatt Regency hotel in Crown Center. It is the deadliest structural collapse in US history other than the September 11 attacks.[28] In 2015 a memorial called the Skywalk Memorial Plaza was built for the families of the victims of the disaster, across the street from the hotel which is now a Sheraton.[29]

21st century

Downtown Kansas City re-development

Union Station
from the Liberty Memorial

In the 21st century, the Kansas City area has undergone extensive redevelopment, with more than $6 billion in improvements to the downtown area on the Missouri side. One of the main goals is to attract convention and tourist dollars, office workers, and residents to downtown KCMO. Among the projects include the redevelopment of the

Power & Light District into a retail and entertainment district; and the Sprint Center, an 18,500-seat arena that opened in 2007, funded by a 2004 ballot initiative involving a tax on car rentals and hotels, designed to meet the stadium specifications for a possible future NBA or NHL franchise,[30] and was renamed T-Mobile Center in 2020; Kemper Arena, which was functionally superseded by Sprint Center, fell into disrepair and was sold to private developers. By 2018, the arena was being converted to a sports complex under the name Hy-Vee Arena.[31] The Kauffman Performing Arts Center opened in 2011 providing a new, modern home to the KC Orchestra and Ballet. In 2015, an 800-room Hyatt Convention Center Hotel was announced for a site next to the Performance Arts Center & Bartle Hall. Construction was scheduled to start in early 2018 with Loews as the operator.[32]

From 2007 to 2017, downtown residential population in Kansas City quadrupled and continues to grow. The area has grown from almost 4,000 residents in the early 2000s to nearly 30,000 as of 2017[update]. Kansas City's downtown ranks as the sixth-fastest-growing downtown in America with the population expected to grow by more than 40% by 2022. Conversions of office buildings such as the Power & Light Building and the Commerce Bank Tower into residential and hotel space has helped to fulfill the demand. New apartment complexes like One, Two, and Three Lights, River Market West, and 503 Main have begun to reshape Kansas City's skyline. Strong demand has led to occupancy rates in the upper 90%.[33]

The residential population of downtown has boomed, and the office population has dropped significantly from the early 2000s to the mid-2010s. Top employers like AMC moved their operations to modern office buildings in the suburbs. High office vacancy plagued downtown, leading to the neglect of many office buildings. By the mid-2010s, many office buildings were converted to residential uses and the Class A vacancy rate plunged to 12% in 2017. Swiss Re, Virgin Mobile, AutoAlert, and others have begun to move operations to downtown Kansas City from the suburbs and expensive coastal cities.[34][35]

Transportation developments

The area has seen additional development through various transportation projects, including improvements to the

U.S. Route 71
.

In July 2005, the Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) launched Kansas City's first bus rapid transit line, the Metro Area Express (MAX), which links the River Market, Downtown, Union Station, Crown Center and the Country Club Plaza. The KCATA continues to expand MAX with additional routes on Prospect Avenue, Troost Avenue, and Independence Avenue.[36]

In 2013, construction began on a two-mile streetcar line in downtown Kansas City (funded by a $102 million ballot initiative that was passed in 2012) that runs between the River Market and Union Station, it began operation in May 2016. In 2017, voters approved the formation of a TDD to expand the streetcar line south 3.5 miles from Union Station to UMKC's Volker Campus. Additionally in 2017, the KC Port Authority began engineering studies for a Port Authority funded streetcar expansion north to Berkley Riverfront Park. Citywide, voter support for rail projects continues to grow with numerous light rail projects in the works.[37][38]

In 2016, Jackson County, Missouri, acquired unused rail lines as part of a long-term commuter rail plan. For the time being, the line is being converted to a trail while county officials negotiate with railroads for access to tracks in Downtown Kansas City.

On November 7, 2017, Kansas City voters overwhelmingly approved a new single terminal at Kansas City International Airport by a 75% to 25% margin. The new single terminal replaced the three existing "Clover Leafs" at KCI Airport on February 28, 2023.

Geography

The Kansas City metropolitan area was photographed by the Sentinel-2 satellite in July 2022.

The city has an area of 319.03 square miles (826.28 km2), of which, 314.95 square miles (815.72 km2) is land and 4.08 square miles (10.57 km2) is water.[39] Bluffs overlook the rivers and river bottom areas. Kansas City proper is bowl-shaped and is surrounded to the north and south by glacier-carved limestone and bedrock cliffs. Kansas City is at the confluence between the Dakota and Minnesota ice lobes during the maximum late Independence glaciation of the Pleistocene epoch. The Kansas and Missouri rivers cut wide valleys into the terrain when the glaciers melted and drained. A partially filled spillway valley crosses the central city. This valley is an eastward continuation of the Turkey Creek Valley. It is the closest major city to the geographic center of the contiguous United States, or "Lower 48".

Cityscape

Kansas City comprises more than 240[40] neighborhoods, some with histories as independent cities or as the sites of major events.

Architecture

Community Christian Church was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and is next to the Country Club Plaza.

The

Populous. Frank Lloyd Wright designed two private residences and Community Christian Church
there.

Kansas City hosts more than 200 working fountains, especially on the Country Club Plaza. Designs range from French-inspired traditional to modern. Highlights include the Black Marble H&R Block fountain in front of Union Station, which features synchronized water jets; the Nichols Bronze Horses at the corner of Main and J.C. Nichols Parkway at the entrance to the Plaza Shopping District; and the fountain at Hallmark Cards World Headquarters in Crown Center.

City Market

The Town of Kansas Bridge connects pedestrian traffic from the Riverfront Heritage Trail (starting at Berkley Riverfront Park) to River Market.

Since its inception in 1857, City Market has been one of the largest and most enduring public farmers' markets in the American Midwest, linking growers and small businesses to the community. More than 30 full-time merchants operate year-round and offer specialty foods, fresh meats and seafood, restaurants and cafes, floral, home accessories and more.[41] The City Market is also home to the Arabia Steamboat Museum, which houses artifacts from a steamboat that sank near Kansas City in 1856.[41]

Downtown

Cordish Company of Baltimore, Maryland. Its first tenant opened on November 9, 2007. It is anchored by the T-Mobile Center, a 19,000-seat sports and entertainment complex.[45]

Climate

Kansas City
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1
 
 
40
22
 
 
1.5
 
 
45
26
 
 
2.1
 
 
57
36
 
 
3.9
 
 
67
46
 
 
5.1
 
 
76
57
 
 
5.3
 
 
86
67
 
 
4.4
 
 
90
72
 
 
4.7
 
 
89
70
 
 
3.8
 
 
80
61
 
 
3.2
 
 
68
49
 
 
1.8
 
 
55
36
 
 
1.3
 
 
44
27
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Metric conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
25
 
 
4
−6
 
 
38
 
 
7
−3
 
 
53
 
 
14
2
 
 
99
 
 
19
8
 
 
130
 
 
24
14
 
 
135
 
 
30
19
 
 
112
 
 
32
22
 
 
119
 
 
32
21
 
 
97
 
 
27
16
 
 
81
 
 
20
9
 
 
46
 
 
13
2
 
 
33
 
 
7
−3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Kansas City lies in the Midwestern United States, near the geographic center of the country, at the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. The city either lies in the humid continental zone when using the 0 °C isotherm, or in the humid subtropical zone when using the -3 °C isotherm.[46] Additionally, the city experiences roughly 104 air frosts on average per annum.[47] [unreliable source?] The city is part of USDA plant hardiness zones 5b and 6a.[48] In the center of North America, far removed from a significant body of water, there is significant potential for extreme hot and cold swings throughout the year. The warmest month is July, with a 24-hour average temperature of 81.0 °F (27.2 °C). The summer months are hot and humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico, and high temperatures surpass 100 °F (38 °C) on 5.6 days of the year, and 90 °F (32 °C) on 47 days.[49][50] The coldest month of the year is January, with an average temperature of 31.0 °F (−0.6 °C). Winters are cold, with 22 days where the high temperature is at or below 32 °F (0 °C) and 2.5 nights with a low at or below 0 °F (−18 °C).[49] The official record highest temperature is 113 °F (45 °C), set on August 14, 1936, at Downtown Airport, while the official record lowest is −23 °F (−31 °C), set on December 22 and 23, 1989.[49] Normal seasonal snowfall is 13.4 inches (34 cm) at Downtown Airport and 18.8 in (48 cm) at Kansas City International Airport. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 31 to April 4, while for measurable (0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall, it is November 27 to March 16 as measured at Kansas City International Airport.[49] Precipitation, both in frequency and total accumulation, shows a marked uptick in late spring and summer.

Kansas City is located in "

2002 ice storm during which hundreds of thousands of residents lost power for days and (in some cases) weeks.[52] Kansas City and its outlying areas are also subject to flooding, including the Great Floods of 1951 and 1993
.

Climate data for Kansas City, Missouri (Downtown Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1934–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
83
(28)
89
(32)
94
(34)
103
(39)
108
(42)
112
(44)
113
(45)
109
(43)
98
(37)
83
(28)
75
(24)
113
(45)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 62.9
(17.2)
68.4
(20.2)
78.6
(25.9)
84.3
(29.1)
90.1
(32.3)
95.4
(35.2)
100.0
(37.8)
99.9
(37.7)
93.8
(34.3)
86.0
(30.0)
73.5
(23.1)
65.2
(18.4)
101.7
(38.7)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 39.9
(4.4)
45.1
(7.3)
56.6
(13.7)
66.8
(19.3)
76.2
(24.6)
85.8
(29.9)
90.2
(32.3)
88.6
(31.4)
80.4
(26.9)
68.2
(20.1)
54.5
(12.5)
43.9
(6.6)
66.3
(19.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.0
(−0.6)
35.8
(2.1)
46.4
(8.0)
56.5
(13.6)
66.7
(19.3)
76.5
(24.7)
81.0
(27.2)
79.2
(26.2)
70.7
(21.5)
58.4
(14.7)
45.4
(7.4)
35.3
(1.8)
56.9
(13.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 22.2
(−5.4)
26.4
(−3.1)
36.2
(2.3)
46.3
(7.9)
57.2
(14.0)
67.2
(19.6)
71.9
(22.2)
69.9
(21.1)
61.0
(16.1)
48.7
(9.3)
36.3
(2.4)
26.7
(−2.9)
47.5
(8.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 2.7
(−16.3)
8.4
(−13.1)
16.4
(−8.7)
31.0
(−0.6)
42.6
(5.9)
55.1
(12.8)
62.4
(16.9)
60.1
(15.6)
46.4
(8.0)
32.4
(0.2)
19.7
(−6.8)
8.2
(−13.2)
−0.7
(−18.2)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−13
(−25)
−3
(−19)
16
(−9)
32
(0)
44
(7)
52
(11)
48
(9)
34
(1)
21
(−6)
5
(−15)
−19
(−28)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.02
(26)
1.53
(39)
2.08
(53)
3.89
(99)
5.10
(130)
5.33
(135)
4.38
(111)
4.68
(119)
3.78
(96)
3.24
(82)
1.80
(46)
1.30
(33)
38.13
(969)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.4
(8.6)
3.2
(8.1)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.1
(0.25)
3.5
(8.9)
11.0
(28)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.6 4.8 6.8 9.3 11.0 9.5 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.0 5.2 4.6 86.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.2 1.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.9 6.4
Source: NOAA[49][53][54]
Climate data for Kansas City Int'l, Missouri (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1888–present)[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
83
(28)
91
(33)
95
(35)
103
(39)
108
(42)
112
(44)
113
(45)
109
(43)
98
(37)
83
(28)
74
(23)
113
(45)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 62.0
(16.7)
67.5
(19.7)
78.8
(26.0)
84.5
(29.2)
88.9
(31.6)
93.5
(34.2)
97.9
(36.6)
98.1
(36.7)
92.6
(33.7)
85.9
(29.9)
72.6
(22.6)
64.3
(17.9)
99.7
(37.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 38.4
(3.6)
43.6
(6.4)
55.4
(13.0)
65.5
(18.6)
75.0
(23.9)
84.2
(29.0)
88.3
(31.3)
87.1
(30.6)
79.2
(26.2)
67.2
(19.6)
53.5
(11.9)
42.3
(5.7)
65.0
(18.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.0
(−1.7)
33.6
(0.9)
44.5
(6.9)
54.6
(12.6)
64.6
(18.1)
74.1
(23.4)
78.2
(25.7)
76.7
(24.8)
68.4
(20.2)
56.4
(13.6)
43.6
(6.4)
33.1
(0.6)
54.7
(12.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 19.5
(−6.9)
23.6
(−4.7)
33.6
(0.9)
43.7
(6.5)
54.3
(12.4)
64.0
(17.8)
68.1
(20.1)
66.3
(19.1)
57.5
(14.2)
45.6
(7.6)
33.6
(0.9)
23.9
(−4.5)
44.5
(6.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −1.5
(−18.6)
4.3
(−15.4)
13.3
(−10.4)
27.8
(−2.3)
39.4
(4.1)
51.6
(10.9)
58.3
(14.6)
56.0
(13.3)
41.9
(5.5)
28.5
(−1.9)
16.3
(−8.7)
4.4
(−15.3)
−5.2
(−20.7)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−22
(−30)
−10
(−23)
12
(−11)
27
(−3)
42
(6)
51
(11)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
17
(−8)
1
(−17)
−23
(−31)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.16
(29)
1.48
(38)
2.36
(60)
4.05
(103)
5.32
(135)
5.25
(133)
4.58
(116)
4.24
(108)
4.04
(103)
3.25
(83)
2.00
(51)
1.57
(40)
39.30
(998)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.9
(12)
5.9
(15)
1.7
(4.3)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.1
(2.8)
4.0
(10)
18.2
(46)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
3.4
(8.6)
1.9
(4.8)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.6
(1.5)
2.4
(6.1)
5.3
(13)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.8 6.7 9.5 11.3 12.1 10.2 9.0 8.4 8.3 8.1 6.8 6.5 103.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.4 3.1 1.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.0 3.0 13.8
Average
relative humidity
(%)
68.8 69.6 66.7 62.9 68.0 69.2 67.4 70.0 70.4 67.1 69.7 71.0 68.4
Average dew point °F (°C) 16.5
(−8.6)
21.4
(−5.9)
31.6
(−0.2)
40.6
(4.8)
52.0
(11.1)
61.5
(16.4)
65.8
(18.8)
64.4
(18.0)
56.7
(13.7)
43.5
(6.4)
32.5
(0.3)
21.0
(−6.1)
42.3
(5.7)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183.7 174.3 223.9 257.8 285.0 305.5 329.3 293.9 240.5 213.6 155.3 147.1 2,809.9
Percent possible sunshine 61 58 60 65 64 68 74 69 64 62 52 50 63
Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point, and sun 1972–1990)[49][55][56][57]
Climate data for Kansas City, Missouri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average ultraviolet index 2 3 5 7 8 9 10 9 7 4 3 2 6
Source: Weather Atlas [58]


Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18604,418
187032,260630.2%
188055,78572.9%
1890132,716137.9%
1900163,75223.4%
1910248,38151.7%
1920324,41030.6%
1930399,74623.2%
1940400,1780.1%
1950456,62214.1%
1960475,5394.1%
1970507,0876.6%
1980448,159−11.6%
1990435,146−2.9%
2000441,5451.5%
2010459,7874.1%
2020508,09010.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[59]
2010–2020[10]
Map of racial distribution in Kansas City, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:  White  Black  Asian  Hispanic  Other

Kansas City has the second largest

Italian American neighborhood, the UMKC area and in River Market, in northern Kansas City.[60][61][62]

The Historic Kansas City boundary is roughly 58 square miles (150 km2) and has a population density of about 5,000 inhabitants per square mile (1,900/km2). It runs from the Missouri River to the north, 79th Street to the south, the Blue River to the east, and State Line Road to the west. During the 1960s and 1970s, Kansas City annexed large amounts of land, which are largely undeveloped.

Between the 2000 and 2010 census counts, the urban core of Kansas City continued to drop significantly in population. The areas of Greater Downtown in the center city, and sections near I-435 and I-470 in the south, and Highway 152 in the north are the only areas of Kansas City, Missouri, to have an increase in population, with the Northland population growing the most.[63] Even so, the population of Kansas City as a whole from 2000 to 2010 increased by 4.1%.

Historical racial composition 2020[64] 2010[27] 1990[18] 1970[18] 1940[18]
White
59.7% 59.2% 66.8% 77.2% 89.5%
Black or
African American
26.5% 29.9% 29.6% 22.1% 10.4%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 10.7% 10.0% 3.9% 2.7%[c] N/A
Two or more races 6.3% 3.2% N/A N/A N/A
Asian
2.7% 2.5% N/A N/A N/A
American Indian and Alaska Natives 0.4% 0.5% N/A N/A N/A
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.3% 0.2% N/A N/A N/A

In February 2022, the city had an estimated 3,000 homeless people.[65][66]

Kansas City, Missouri – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000[67] Pop 2010[68] Pop 2020[69] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White
alone (NH)
254,471 252,257 268,273 57.63% 54.86% 52.80%
Black or African American
alone (NH)
136,921 135,916 130,983 31.01% 29.56% 25.78%
Alaska Native
alone (NH)
1,784 1,823 1,854 0.40% 0.40% 0.36%
Asian alone (NH) 8,100 11,275 15,793 1.83% 2.45% 3.11%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 442 787 1,456 0.10% 0.17% 0.29%
Other race alone (NH) 757 709 2,366 0.17% 0.15% 0.47%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 8,466 11,067 26,396 1.92% 2.41% 5.20%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 30,604 45,953 60,969 6.93% 9.99% 12.00%
Total 441,545 459,787 508,090 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

The racial makeup (including Hispanics in the racial counts) was 55.30% (280,985)

Other Race alone, and 9.00% (45,737) Multiracial or Mixed Race.[70]

The racial and ethnic makeup (where Hispanics are excluded from the racial counts and placed in their own category) was 52.80% (268,273)

Economy

The federal government is the largest employer in the Kansas City metro area, with more than 146 agencies. Kansas City is one of ten regional office cities for the US government.

nuclear bomb arsenal.[74] The Social Security Administration has more than 1,700 employees in the metro, with more than 1,200 at its downtown Mid-America Program Service Center (MAMPSC).[75]

One of the largest US drug manufacturing plants is the

animal health sciences, with Manhattan, Kansas at one end of the[77] Kansas City Animal Health Corridor, and Kansas City hosting the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility which researches animal diseases. The Stowers Institute for Medical Research engages in medical basic science research, working with Open University and University of Kansas Medical Center
in a joint Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Biomedical Science (IGPBS).

Agriculture companies include Dairy Farmers of America, the largest dairy co-op in the United States. The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and The National Association of Basketball Coaches are based in Kansas City.

H&R Block's oblong headquarters is in downtown Kansas City.

The Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank opened a new building in 2008 near Union Station. Missouri is the only state to have two of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank headquarters, with the second in St. Louis. Kansas City's effort to get the bank was helped by former mayor James A. Reed, who as senator, broke a tie to pass the Federal Reserve Act.[78]

The national headquarters for the Veterans of Foreign Wars is headquartered just south of Downtown.

With a

gross state product.[79] In 2014, Kansas City was ranked #6 for real estate investment.[80]

Three international law firms, Lathrop & Gage, Stinson Leonard Street, and Shook, Hardy & Bacon are based in the city.

In 2022, the city had an estimated 3,000 homeless people,[65] addressed by the Zero KC initiative.[66]

Headquarters

The following companies are headquartered in Kansas City, Missouri:

Top employers

According to the city's Fiscal Year 2014–15 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[91] the top ten principal employers are as follows:

Rank Employer Employees Percentage of total employment
1. Public school system 30,172 2.92%
2. Federal government 30,000 2.91%
3. State/county/city government 24,616 2.39%
4.
Cerner Corporation
10,128 0.98%
5. HCA Midwest Health System 9,753 0.94%
6. Saint Luke's Health System 7,550 0.73%
7. Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics 6,305 0.61%
8. T-Mobile 6,300 0.61%
9.
The University of Kansas Hospital
6,030 0.58%
10. Hallmark Cards, Inc. 4,600 0.45%

Culture

Abbreviations and nicknames

Kansas City, Missouri is abbreviated as KCMO and the

geographic center
of the 48 contiguous states.

Performing arts

In 1886, Kansas City had only two theaters when David Austin Latchaw, originally from rural

Robert Mantell.[94]

Theater troupes in the 1870s toured the state, performing in cities or small towns forming along the railroad lines. Rail transport had enhanced the theater troupe tour market, by allowing full costumes, props, and sets. As theater grew in popularity after the mid-1880s, that number increased and by 1912, ten new theaters had been built in Kansas City. By the 1920s, Kansas City was the center of the

Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts

The

Starlight Theatre is an 8,105-seat outdoor theatre designed by Edward Delk.[96] The Kansas City Symphony was founded by R. Crosby Kemper Jr. in 1982 to replace the defunct Kansas City Philharmonic, which was founded in 1933.[97] The symphony performs at the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts. Michael Stern is the symphony's music director and lead conductor. Lyric Opera of Kansas City, founded in 1958, performs at the Kauffman Center, offers one American contemporary opera production during its season, consisting of either four or five productions. The Civic Opera Theater of Kansas City performs at the downtown Folly Theater and at the UMKC Performing Arts Center. Every summer from mid-June to early July, The Heart of America Shakespeare Festival performs at Southmoreland Park near the Nelson-Atkins Museum
; the festival was founded by Marilyn Strauss in 1993.

The Kansas City Ballet, founded in 1957 by Tatiana Dokoudovska, is a ballet troupe comprising 25 professional dancers and apprentices. Between 1986 and 2000, it combined with Dance St. Louis to form the State Ballet of Missouri, although it remained in Kansas City. From 1980 to 1995, the Ballet was run by dancer and choreographer Todd Bolender. The Ballet offers an annual repertory split into three seasons, performing classical to contemporary ballets.[98] The Ballet also performs at the Kauffman Center. The Kansas City Chorale is a professional 24-voice chorus with an annual concert series and a concert in Phoenix each year with sister choir the Phoenix Chorale. The Chorale has made several recordings, including with the Phoenix Chorale.

Jazz

Entrance of the American Jazz Museum

Kansas City jazz in the 1930s marked the transition from big bands to the bebop influence of the 1940s. The 1979 documentary

Las Vegas casinos. The annual Kansas City Blues and Jazz Festival attracts top jazz stars and large tourist audiences. In 2007 it was rated Kansas City's "best festival" by The Pitch.[99]

Live music venues are throughout the city, with the highest concentration in the Westport entertainment district centered on Broadway and Westport Road near

is big band style.

In 2018,

18th and Vine Jazz District in 2016.[93]

The Kansas City Convention Center

Irish culture

In 2021, the US Census Bureau estimated 253,040 people of Irish descent in the metro, with 123,934 in Jackson, Clay, and Platte Counties.[100] The Irish were the first large immigrant group to settle in Kansas City following the lead of Fr. Bernard Donnelly (c. 1800–1880) and founded its first newspaper.[101] The Irish community includes bands, dancers, Irish stores, newspapers, and the Kansas City Irish Center at Drexel Hall in Midtown. The first book detailing Irish history in Kansas City is Missouri Irish: Irish Settlers on the American Frontier, published in 1984. The Kansas City Irish Fest is held over Labor Day weekend in Crown Center and Washington Park.[102][103]

Casinos

Missouri voters approved riverboat

Hollywood Casino
(which opened in February 2012 in Kansas City, Kansas).

Cuisine

Kansas City Stockyard of West Bottoms
.

Kansas City is famous for its

Kansas City-style barbecue.[106] During the heyday of the Kansas City Stockyards, the city was known for its Kansas City steaks or Kansas City strip steaks. The most famous of its steakhouses is the Golden Ox in the Kansas City Live Stock Exchange in the West Bottoms stockyards. These stockyards were second only to those of Chicago in size, but they never recovered from the Great Flood of 1951 and eventually closed. Jess & Jim's Steakhouse was founded in 1938 in the Martin City neighborhood
.

The Kansas City Strip cut of steak is similar to the New York Strip cut, and is sometimes referred to just as a strip steak. Along with Texas, Memphis, North, and South Carolina, Kansas City is lauded as a "world capital of barbecue". More than 90 barbecue restaurants[107] operate in the metropolitan area.[108][109] The American Royal each fall hosts what it claims is the world's biggest barbecue contest.

President Obama visits Arthur Bryant's
barbecue.

Classic Kansas City-style barbecue was an inner-city phenomenon that evolved from the pit of

Gates and Sons Bar-B-Q when his son Ollie joined the family business. Bryant's and Gates are the two definitive Kansas City barbecue restaurants; native Kansas Citian and essayist Calvin Trillin famously called Bryant's "the single best restaurant in the world" in an essay he wrote for Playboy magazine in the 1960s. Fiorella's Jack Stack Barbecue is also well regarded. In 1977, Rich Davis, a psychiatrist, test-marketed his own concoction called K.C. Soul Style Barbecue Sauce. He renamed it KC Masterpiece, and in 1986, he sold the recipe to the Kingsford division of Clorox. Davis retained rights to operate restaurants using the name and sauce, whose recipe popularized the use of molasses as a sweetener in Kansas City-style barbecue sauces.[citation needed
]

Kansas City has several

James Beard Award-winning/nominated chefs and restaurants. Winning chefs include Michael Smith, Celina Tio
, Colby Garrelts, Debbie Gold, Jonathan Justus and Martin Heuser. A majority of the Beard Award-winning restaurants are in the Crossroads district, downtown and in Westport.

Points of interest

Name Description Photo
Country Club Plaza District This district was developed in 1922 featuring Spanish-styled architecture and upscale shops and restaurants. Nearby are the University of Missouri–Kansas City, the Kansas City Art Institute, the Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art.[110]
18th and Vine
Home of distinctive Kansas City jazz, the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, the American Jazz Museum, and the future home of the MLB Urban Youth Academy.[111] Several jazz clubs and venues include the Gem Theater and the Blue Room.
Crossroads Arts District Home to several restaurants, art galleries, and hotels. First Friday is a monthly event with pop-up galleries, food trucks, venue deals, and music events. Union Station and the Kauffman Center are here. Union Station has varying exhibits, including at Science City.
Westport District Originally a separate town until annexed by Kansas City, it contains several restaurants, shops, and nightlife options. Along with the Power and Light District, it is one of the city's main entertainment areas. The
University of Kansas Hospital
is close to the district, just across State Line Road.
Power and Light District A new shopping and entertainment district within the Central Business District, it was developed by the Cordish Companies. The T-Mobile Center is a major anchor and the Midland Theatre is a concert venue.
Berkley Riverfront Park
Kansas City's original neighborhood on the Missouri River contains one of the country's largest and longest lasting public farmers' markets in the nation, and the
Berkley Riverfront Park, which is operated by Port KC
.
Crown Center Developed by Hallmark, it is a short walk from the National World War I Museum and Memorial (Liberty Memorial).
West Bottoms The West Bottoms originated primarily as stockyards and for industrial uses, but is slowly being revitalized with apartments and shops. It has
Kemper Arena
.
Kansas City, North Several attractions are north of the Missouri River. Zona Rosa is a mixed-used development with shopping, dining, and events. The Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport features the Aviation History Museum. Worlds of Fun and Oceans of Fun are major amusement parks of the midwest.
Swope Park Swope Park has 1,805 acres (730 ha), a larger total space than
Kansas City Zoo and Starlight Theatre is the second largest outdoor musical theatre venue in the U.S.[112] Sporting Kansas City
practice at the soccer complex.

Religion

Kansas City Missouri Temple

50.75% of Kansas City area residents have a known religious affiliation. The most common religious denominations in the area are:[113]

Walt Disney

In 1911, Elias Disney moved his family from Marceline to Kansas City. They lived in a new home at 3028 Bellefontaine with a garage he built, in which Walt Disney made his first animation.[114] In 1919, Walt returned from France where he had served as a Red Cross ambulance driver in World War I. He started the first animation company in Kansas City, Laugh-O-Gram Studio, in which he designed Mickey Mouse. When the company went bankrupt, Walt Disney moved to Hollywood and started The Walt Disney Company on October 16, 1923.

Sports

Professional sports teams in Kansas City include the Kansas City Chiefs in the National Football League (NFL), the Kansas City Royals in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Sporting Kansas City in Major League Soccer (MLS).

The following table lists the professional teams in the Kansas City metropolitan area:

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Kansas City Chiefs Football 1960 (as the Dallas Texans)
1963 (as Kansas City Chiefs)
National Football League Arrowhead Stadium
Kansas City Royals Baseball 1969 Major League Baseball Kauffman Stadium
Sporting Kansas City Soccer 1996 Major League Soccer Children's Mercy Park (Kansas City, Kansas)
Sporting Kansas City II Soccer 2016 MLS Next Pro Children's Mercy Park (Kansas City, Kansas)
Kansas City Current Soccer 2018 (as
Utah Royals FC
)

2021 (as KC NWSL)

National Women's Soccer League Children's Mercy Park (Kansas City, Kansas)
Kansas City Mavericks Hockey 2009 ECHL
Cable Dahmer Arena (Independence
)
Kansas City Comets
Indoor soccer 2010 Major Arena Soccer League
Cable Dahmer Arena
(Independence)
Kansas City Monarchs Baseball 1993 (as the Duluth-Superior Dukes)

2003 (as the Kansas City T-Bones)

American Association
Legends Field
Kansas City Blues
Rugby union 1966 USA Rugby Division 1 Swope Park Training Complex
Kansas City Storm
Women's football
2004 WTFA North Kansas City High School
Kansas City Goats Arena football 2023 The Arena League
Municipal Arena

Professional football

Arrowhead Stadium is home of the Kansas City Chiefs.

The Chiefs, now a member of the NFL's American Football Conference, started play in 1960 as the Dallas Texans of the American Football League before moving to Kansas City in 1963. The Chiefs lost Super Bowl I to the Green Bay Packers by a score of 35–10. In 1969, the team became the last AFL champion and won Super Bowl IV.[115] In 2020, they won Super Bowl LIV,[116] in 2023, they won Super Bowl LVII,[117] and in 2024 they won Super Bowl LVIII.[118]

Professional baseball

The Kansas City Royals became 1985 and 2015 World Series Champions.

The Athletics baseball franchise played in the city from 1955, after moving from Philadelphia, to 1967, when the team relocated to Oakland, California. The city's current Major League Baseball franchise, the Royals, started play in 1969, and are the only major league sports franchise in Kansas City that has not relocated or changed its name. The Royals were the first American League expansion team to reach the playoffs (in 1976) to reach the World Series (in 1980) and to win the World Series (in 1985).[119] The Royals returned to the World Series in 2014 and won in 2015.[120][121]

The

Legends Field in Kansas City, Kansas.[122]

Professional soccer

Sporting Kansas City played the New England Revolution at Children's Mercy Park.

The Kansas City Wiz became a charter member of Major League Soccer in 1996. It was renamed the Kansas City Wizards in 1997. In 2011, the team was renamed Sporting Kansas City and moved to its new stadium Children's Mercy Park in Kansas City, Kansas. It won the MLS Cup twice, the Supporters' Shield once, and the US Open Cup four times.

Legends Field, where they were known as KC NWSL.[123] On October 6, 2022, the team's ownership broke ground on an 11,500-seat soccer-specific stadium on the Berkley Riverfront Park,[124][125] with a goal to open by March 2024.[126]

Kansas City was selected on June 16, 2022, as one of the eleven US host cities for the 2026 FIFA World Cup.[127]

College athletics

In college athletics, Kansas City has been the home of the Big 12 College Basketball Tournaments. The

Municipal Auditorium
.

The city has one NCAA Division I program, the Kansas City Roos, representing the University of Missouri–Kansas City (UMKC). The program, historically known as the UMKC Kangaroos, adopted its current branding after the 2018–19 school year.

In addition to serving as the home stadium of the Chiefs, Arrowhead Stadium serves as the venue for various intercollegiate football games. It has hosted the Big 12 Championship Game five times. On the last weekend in October, the MIAA Fall Classic rivalry game between Northwest Missouri State University and Pittsburg State University took place at the stadium.

Rugby

Kansas City is represented on the

Kansas City Blues RFC, a former member of the Rugby Super League and a Division 1 club. The team works closely with Sporting Kansas City and splits home-games between Sporting's training pitch and Rockhurst University
's stadium.

Former teams

Kansas City briefly had four short-term major league baseball teams between 1884 and 1915: the

Western League, from 1903 through 1954, the Kansas City Blues played in the high-level American Association minor league. In 1955, Kansas City became a major league city when the Philadelphia Athletics baseball franchise relocated to the city in 1955. Following the 1967 season, the team relocated to Oakland, California
.

Kansas City was represented in the

In 1974, the National Hockey League placed an expansion team in Kansas City called the Kansas City Scouts. The team moved to Denver in 1976, then to New Jersey in 1982 where they have remained ever since as the New Jersey Devils.

Parks and boulevards

View of downtown from Penn Valley Park
The rose garden in Loose Park is Kansas City's third-largest public park.
J.C. Nichols Memorial Fountain, by Henri-Léon Gréber, is in Mill Creek Park, adjacent to Country Club Plaza.

Kansas City has 132 miles (212 km) of boulevards and parkways, 214 urban parks, 49 ornamental fountains, 152 baseball diamonds, 10 community centers, 105 tennis courts, 5 golf courses, 5 museums and attractions, 30 pools, and 47 park shelters.

George E. Kessler
, was constructed from 1893 to 1915.

Cliff Drive, in Kessler Park on the North Bluffs, is a designated State Scenic Byway. It extends 4.27 miles (6.87 km) from The Paseo and Independence Avenue through Indian Mound on Gladstone Boulevard at Belmont Boulevard, with many historical points and architectural landmarks.

Ward Parkway, on the west side of the city near State Line Road, is lined by many of the city's largest and most elaborate homes.[131][132]

Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and now the city has voted to change it back to the Paseo.[133]

Berkley Riverfront Park, 955 acres (3.86 km2) on the banks of the Missouri River on the north edge of downtown, holds annual Independence Day
celebrations and other festivals.

A program went underway to replace many of the fast-growing

sweetgum trees with hardwood varieties.[135]

Civil Engineering Landmark

In 1974, the Kansas City Park and Boulevard System was recognized by the

National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark.[136] The nomination noted that this park system was among "...the first to integrate the aesthetics of landscape architecture with the practicality of city planning, stimulating other metropolitan areas to undertake similar projects."[137] The park's plan developed by landscape architect George Kessler included some of the "...first specifications for pavements, gutters, curbs, and walks. Other engineering advances included retaining walls, earth dams, subsurface drains, and an impoundment lake – all part of Kansas City's legacy that has influenced urban planning in cities throughout North America."[137]

Law and government

City government

City Hall, Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas City is home to the largest

municipal government in the state of Missouri. The city has a council/manager form of government. The role of city manager
has diminished over the years. The non-elective office of city manager was created following excesses during the Pendergast days.

The mayor is the head of the

Kansas City City Council
, which has 12 members elected from six districts (one member elected by voters in the district and one at-large member elected by voters citywide). The mayor is the presiding member. By charter, Kansas City has a "weak-mayor" system, in which most of the power is formally vested in the city council. However, in practice, the mayor is very influential in drafting and guiding public policy.

Kansas City holds city elections in every fourth odd-numbered year. The last citywide election was held in April 2023. The officials took office in August 2023 and will hold the position until 2027.

Pendergast was the most prominent leader during the machine politics days. The most nationally prominent Democrat associated with the machine was

federal district courts in Missouri. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri is in St. Louis. It also is the seat of the Western District of the Missouri Court of Appeals, one of three districts of that court (the Eastern District is in St. Louis and the Southern District is in Springfield
).

The Mayor, City Council, and City Manager are listed below:[138][139]

Office Officeholder
Mayor (presides over Council) Quinton Lucas
Councilman, District 1 At-large Kevin O'Neill
Councilman, District 1 Nathan Willett
Councilwoman, District 2 At-large Lindsey French
Councilman, District 2 Wes Rodgers
Councilwoman, District 3 At-large Melissa Patterson Hazley
Councilwoman, District 3 Melissa Robinson
Councilman, District 4 At-large Crispin Rea
Councilman, District 4 Eric Bunch
Councilman, District 5 At-large Darrell Curls
Councilwoman, District 5 Ryana Parks-Shaw
Councilwoman, District 6 At-large Andrea Bough
Councilman, District 6 Jonathan Duncan
City Manager Brian Platt
Mayor Pro-Tem Ryana Parks-Shaw

National political conventions

Kansas City hosted the 1900 Democratic National Convention, the 1928 Republican National Convention and the 1976 Republican National Convention. The urban core of Kansas City consistently votes Democratic in presidential elections; however, on the state and local level Republicans often find success, especially in the Northland and other suburban areas of Kansas City.

Federal representation

Kansas City is represented by three members of the United States House of Representatives:

Crime

Police respond to a shooting in the Crossroads area during the early hours of New Year's Day 2016.

Some of the earliest organized violence in Kansas City erupted during the

burned all occupied dwellings in Jackson County south of Brush Creek and east of Blue Creek to Independence in an attempt to halt raids into Kansas. After the war, the Kansas City Times turned outlaw Jesse James into a folk hero via its coverage. James was born in the Kansas City metro area at Kearney, Missouri
, and notoriously robbed the Kansas City Fairgrounds at 12th Street and Campbell Avenue.

In the early 20th century under Pendergast, Kansas City became the country's "most wide open town". Though this gave rise to

Casino
, though the production minimizes the Kansas City connections.

As of November 2012[update], Kansas City

University of Missouri-Kansas City, downtown experienced the largest drop in crime of any neighborhood in the city during the 2000s.[145]

Education

Colleges and universities

Many universities, colleges, and seminaries are in the Kansas City metropolitan area, including:

Primary and secondary schools

Headquarters of the Kansas City Public Schools, which serves the inner core of the city limits

The city is not served by one unified school district, but 15 separate districts due to the historical unwillingness of suburban voters to merge their existing school districts with the Kansas City district as the city expanded its limits in the 1950s and 1960s.[155]

School outcomes vary between and even within districts, with a some high schools being nationally ranked,

Diocese of Kansas City
.

The following public school districts serve Kansas City:[158]

In the Jackson County portion of the city:

In the Cass County portion:

In the Clay County portion:

In the Platte County portion:

Libraries and archives

  • Linda Hall Library − internationally recognized independent library of science, engineering and technology, housing over one million volumes[159]
  • Mid-Continent Public Library − largest public library system in Missouri, and among the largest collections in America[160]
  • Kansas City Public Library − oldest library system in Kansas City[161]
  • University of Missouri-Kansas City Libraries
    − four collections: Leon E. Bloch Law Library and Miller Nichols Library, both on Volker Campus; and Health Sciences Library and Dental Library, both on Hospital Hill in Kansas City
  • Rockhurst University Greenlease Library
  • The Black Archives of Mid-America − research center of the African American experience in the central Midwest
  • National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Central Plains Region − one of 18 national records facilities, holding millions of archival records and microfilms for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska in a new facility adjacent to Union Station, which was opened to the general public in 2008

Media

The Kansas City Star's former printing facility opened in 2006.

Print media

The Kansas City Star is the area's primary newspaper. William Rockhill Nelson and his partner, Samuel Morss, first published the evening paper on September 18, 1880. The Star competed with the morning Kansas City Times before acquiring that publication in 1901. The Times name was discontinued in March 1990, when the morning paper was renamed the Star.[162]

Weekly newspapers include The Call (which is focused toward Kansas City's African-American community), the

Kansas City Business Journal, The Pitch
, Ink, and the bilingual publications Dos Mundos and KC Hispanic News.

Publications include Ingram's Magazine and a local society journal, the Independent.

The city is served by two major faith-oriented newspapers: The Kansas City Metro Voice, serving the Christian community, and the Kansas City Jewish Chronicle, serving the Jewish community. It is the headquarters of the National Catholic Reporter, an independent Catholic newspaper.

Broadcast media

Landmark KCTV Tower on West 31st on Union Hill

The Kansas City media market (ranked 32nd by Arbitron[163] and 31st by Nielsen[164]) includes 10 television stations, 30 FM and 21 AM radio stations. Kansas City broadcasting jobs have been a stepping stone for national television and radio personalities, notably Walter Cronkite and Mancow Muller.

WDAF radio (now at 106.5 FM; original 610 AM frequency now occupied by

WHB (then at 710 AM, now at 810 AM) and KMBC radio (980 AM, now KMBZ), Cook Paint and Varnish Company and the Midland Broadcasting Company, signed on WHB-TV/KMBC-TV
as a time-share arrangement on VHF channel 9 in 1953; KMBC-TV took over channel 9 full-time in June 1954, after Cook Paint and Varnish purchased Midland Broadcasting's stations.

The major broadcast television networks have affiliates in the Kansas City market (covering 32 counties in northwestern Missouri, with the exception of counties in the far northwestern part of the state that are within the adjacent

Saint Joseph market, and northeastern Kansas); including WDAF-TV 4 (Fox),[165] KCTV 5 (CBS),[166] KMBC-TV 9 (ABC), KCPT 19 (PBS), KCWE 29 (The CW), KSHB-TV 41 (NBC) and KSMO-TV 62 (MyNetworkTV). Other television stations in the market include Saint Joseph-based KTAJ-TV 16 (TBN), Kansas City, Kansas-based TV25.tv (consisting of three locally owned stations throughout northeast Kansas, led by KCKS-LD 25, affiliated with several digital multicast networks), Lawrence, Kansas-based KMCI-TV 38 (independent), Spanish-language station KUKC-LD 20 (Univision), Spanish-language station KGKC-LD 39 (Telemundo), and KPXE-TV 50 (Ion Television
). The Kansas City television stations also serve as alternates for the nearby Saint Joseph television market.

Film community

Kansas City has been a locale for film and television productions. Between 1931 and 1982 Kansas City was home to the Calvin Company, a large film production company that specialized in promotional shorts for corporations and in educational films for schools and the government. Calvin was an important venue for Kansas City arts, training local filmmakers who went on to Hollywood careers and also employing local actors, most of whom earned their main income in fields such as radio and television announcing. Kansas City native Robert Altman directed movies at the Calvin Company, which led him to shoot his first feature film, The Delinquents, in Kansas City using many local players.

The 1983 television movie

Mr. & Mrs. Bridge, Kansas City, Paper Moon, In Cold Blood, Ninth Street, and Sometimes They Come Back (in and around nearby Liberty, Missouri). More recently, a scene in the controversial film Brüno
was filmed in downtown Kansas City's historic Hotel Phillips.

Today, Kansas City is home to an active independent film community. The Independent Filmmaker's Coalition is an organization dedicated to expanding and improving independent filmmaking in Kansas City. The city launched the KC Film Office in October 2014 with the goal of better marketing the city for prospective television shows and movies to be filmed there. The City Council passed several film tax incentives in February 2016 to take effect in May 2016; the KC Film Office is coordinating its efforts with the State of Missouri to reinstate film incentives on a statewide level.[167] Kansas City was named as a top city to live and work in as a movie maker in 2020.[168]

Transportation

Originally, Kansas City was the launching point for travelers on the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails. Later, with the construction of the Hannibal Bridge across the Missouri River, it became the junction of 11 trunk railroads. More rail tonnage passes through the city than through any other U.S. city. Trans World Airlines (TWA) located its headquarters in the city, and had ambitious plans to turn the city into an air hub.

Highways

Kansas City is a major meeting place for several of the nation's busiest highways.

Missouri and Kansas were the first states to start building interstates with

Cincinnati, Ohio is the longest.) The Kansas City metro area has more limited-access highway lane-miles per capita than any other large US metro area, over 27% more than the second-place Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, over 50% more than the average American metropolitan area. From 2013 to 2017 the average commuting time was 21.8 minutes.[169] The Sierra Club blames the extensive freeway network for excessive sprawl and the decline of central Kansas City.[170] On the other hand, the relatively uncongested road network contributes significantly to Kansas City's position as one of America's largest logistics hubs.[171]

Interstate highways

Kansas City has a confluence of major U.S. interstate highways: I-29, I-35, I-49, I-70, I-435, I-470, I-635, and I-670.

US highways

Kansas City includes these US highways:

US 69, US 71, and US 169
.

Missouri state highways

State routes are Route 1, Route 9, Route 12, Route 45, Route 78, Route 92, Route 150, Route 152, Route 210, Route 269, Route 283, Route 291, and Route 350. Missouri supplemental routes are Route AA, Route D, Route K, Route V, and Route W.[172]

Other routes

Other routes include the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway and the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail.

Airports

Kansas City International Airport

Kansas City International Airport (airport code MCI) was built to TWA's specifications to make a world hub.[173] Its original passenger-friendly design placed each of its gates 100 feet (30 m) from the street. Following the

Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, it is a single, advanced technology terminal with 39 gates, eventually planned to entirely replace remaining Terminals B and C.[175]

Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport (airport code MKC) was TWA's original headquarters and houses the Airline History Museum. It is still used for general aviation and airshows.

Public transportation

Like most American cities, Kansas City's mass transit system was originally rail-based. From 1870 to 1957, Kansas City's streetcar system was among the top in the country, with over 300 miles (480 km) of track at its peak. The rapid sprawl in the following years led this private system to be shut down.

Amtrak currently operates two routes via Kansas City, the Southwest Chief to Chicago or Los Angeles, and the Missouri River Runner to St. Louis.

KCATA RideKC

On December 28, 1965, the Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) was formed via a bi-state compact created by the Missouri and Kansas legislatures. The compact gave the KCATA responsibility for planning, construction, owning and operating passenger transportation systems and facilities within the seven-county area.

RideKC Bus and MAX

A newly branded RideKC Bus

In July 2005, the KCATA launched Kansas City's first

GPS tracking of buses, available at every station), and stoplights automatically change in their favor if buses are behind schedule. In 2010, a second MAX line was added on Troost Avenue.[177] The city is planning another MAX line down Prospect Avenue.[178]

The Prospect MAX line launched in 2019 and Mayor Quinton Lucas announced the service would be fare-free indefinitely.[179]

RideKC Streetcar

KC Streetcar departing the Library stop, heading north to the River Market

On December 12, 2012, a ballot initiative to construct a $102 million, 2-mile (3.2 km), modern

Berkley Riverfront Park
.

RideKC Bridj

In 2015, the KCATA, Unified Government Transit, Johnson County Transit, and IndeBus began merging from individual metro services into one coordinated transit service for the metropolitan area, called RideKC. The buses and other transit options are branded as RideKC Bus, RideKC MAX, RideKC Streetcar, and RideKC Bridj. RideKC Bridj is a micro transit service partnership between Ford Bridj and KCATA that began on March 7, 2016, much like a

taxicab service and with a mobile app. The merger and full coordination is expected to be complete by 2019.[183]

Intercity transit

Intercity bus services to Kansas City are provided by Greyhound Lines and Jefferson Lines at the Kansas City Bus Station. Amtrak also serves the city at Union Station via the Southwest Chief and Missouri River Runner.

Walkability

A 2015 study by Walk Score ranked Kansas City as the 42nd most walkable out of the 50 largest U.S. cities.[184] As a whole, the city has a score of 34 out of 100. However, several of the more densely populated neighborhoods have much higher scores: Westport has a score of 91, the Downtown Loop has a score of 85, the Crossroads scored 85, and the Plaza scored 83.[185] Those ratings range from "A Walker's Paradise" to "Very Walkable". In April 2017, voters approved an $800 million general obligation bond, part of which is designated for sidewalk repairs and creating complete-streets.

Modal characteristics

According to the American Community Survey, 81.6 percent of working Kansas City residents commuted to work by driving alone, 7.9 percent carpooled, 2.7 percent used public transportation, and 1.7 percent walked to work. About 1.5 percent commuted by other means, including taxi, bicycle, or motorcycle. About 4.6 percent of working Kansas City residents worked at home.[186]

In 2015, 11.4 percent of Kansas City households were without a car, which was virtually unchanged in 2016 (11.3 percent). The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Kansas City averaged 1.58 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.[187]

Sister cities

Kansas City has 15 sister cities:[188]

City Subdivision Country Date
Seville  Andalusia  Spain 1967
Kurashiki[189][190]
 Okayama Prefecture  Japan 1972
Morelia  Michoacán  Mexico 1973
Freetown Western Area  Sierra Leone 1974
Tainan Taiwan 1978
Xi'an Shaanxi  People's Republic of China 1989
Guadalajara[191]  Jalisco  Mexico 1991
Hannover
 Lower Saxony  Germany 1993
Port Harcourt Rivers State  Nigeria 1993
Arusha Arusha Region  Tanzania 1995
San Nicolás de los Garza  Nuevo León  Mexico 1997
Ramla  Israel 1998
Metz  Moselle  France 2004
Yan'an Shaanxi  People's Republic of China 2017
Kabul Kabul Province[192]  Afghanistan 2018

Notable people

Current or former long-time residents include cartoonists Walt Disney,[193] Friz Freleng, and Ub Iwerks; musicians Count Basie and Tech N9ne; actors Don Cheadle and Chris Cooper; politicians Emanuel Cleaver and Tom Pendergast; and reporter Walter Cronkite.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official records for Kansas City kept at downtown/Weather Bureau Office from July 1888 to December 1933; Downtown Airport from January 1934 to September 1972; and Kansas City Int'l since October 1972. For more information see ThreadEx.
  3. ^ From 15% sample

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