Kansas City, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri
National WWI Museum and Memorial
"KC", "KCMO", the "City of Fountains", "Paris of the Plains", and the "Heart of America"
|Coordinates: 39°05′59″N 94°34′42″W / 39.09972°N 94.57833°W|
|GNIS feature ID||748198|
Kansas City, Missouri (KC or KCMO) is the largest city in Missouri by population and area. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 508,090 in 2020, making it the 36th most-populous city in the United States. It is the central city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, which straddles the Missouri–Kansas state line and has a population of 2,392,035. Most of the city lies within Jackson County, with portions spilling into Clay, Cass, and Platte counties. Kansas City was founded in the 1830s as a port on the Missouri River at its confluence with the Kansas River from the west. On June 1, 1850, the town of Kansas was incorporated; shortly after came the establishment of the Kansas Territory. Confusion between the two ensued, and the name Kansas City was assigned to distinguish them soon after.
Sitting on Missouri's western boundary with Kansas, with Downtown near the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, the city encompasses about 319.03 square miles (826.3 km2), making it the 23rd largest city by total area in the United States. It serves as one of the two county seats of Jackson County, along with the major satellite city of Independence. Other major suburbs include the Missouri cities of Blue Springs and Lee's Summit and the Kansas cities of Overland Park, Olathe, Lenexa, and Kansas City, Kansas.
The city is composed of several neighborhoods, including the
Kansas City, Missouri, was incorporated as a town on June 1, 1850, and as a city on March 28, 1853. The
The Antioch Christian Church, Dr. James Compton House, and Woodneath are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Exploration and settlement
In past centuries, the area's tribal inhabitants include the
To clear his name, he wrote Exact Description of Louisiana, of Its Harbors, Lands and Rivers, and Names of the Indian Tribes That Occupy It, and the Commerce and Advantages to Be Derived Therefrom for the Establishment of a Colony in 1713 and The Route to Be Taken to Ascend the Missouri River in 1714. In the documents, he describes the junction of the "Grande Riv[ière] des Cansez" and Missouri River, as the first adoption of those names. French cartographer Guillaume Delisle used the descriptions to make the area's first reasonably accurate map.
The Spanish took over the region in the
After the Louisiana Purchase (1803)
After the 1803
In 1831, Gabriel Prudhomme Sr., a Canadian trapper, purchased 257 acres of land fronting the Missouri River. He established a home for his wife, Josephine, and six children. He operated a ferry on the river.
In 1850, the landing area was incorporated as the Town of Kansas.
On February 22, 1853, the City of Kansas was created with a newly elected mayor. It had an area of 0.70 square miles (1.8 km2) and a population of 2,500. The boundary lines at that time extended from the middle of the Missouri River south to what is now Ninth Street, and from Bluff Street on the west to a point between Holmes Road and Charlotte Street on the east.
American Civil War
During the Civil War, the city and its immediate surroundings were the focus of intense military activity. Although the
After Civil War
After the Civil War, Kansas City grew rapidly. The selection of the city over
Kansas City, guided by landscape architect
The relocation of
Further spurring Kansas City's growth was the opening of the innovative
20th century streetcar system
The Kansas City streetcar system once had hundreds of miles of streetcars running through the city and was one of the largest systems in the country. In 1903 the 8th Street Tunnel was built as an underground streetcar system through the city. The last run of the streetcar was on June 23, 1957, but the tunnel still exists.
At the start of the 20th century,
Pendergast may bear comparison to various big-city bosses, but his open alliance with hardened criminals, his cynical subversion of the democratic process, his monarchistic style of living, his increasingly insatiable gambling habit, his grasping for a business empire, and his promotion of Kansas City as a wide-open town with every kind of vice imaginable, combined with his professed compassion for the poor and very real role as city builder, made him bigger than life, difficult to characterize.
After World War II
Kansas City's suburban development began with a streetcar system in the early decades of the 20th century. The city's first suburbs were in the neighborhoods of Pendleton Heights and Quality Hill. After World War II, many relatively affluent residents left for suburbs in Johnson County, Kansas, and eastern Jackson County, Missouri. Many also went north of the Missouri River, where Kansas City had incorporated areas between the 1940s and 1970s.
Troost redlining and white flight
Troost Avenue was once the eastern edge of Kansas City, Missouri and a residential corridor nicknamed Millionaire Row. It is now widely seen as one of the city's most prominent racial and economic dividing lines due to urban decay, which was caused by white flight. During the civil rights era the city blocked people of color from moving to homes west of Troost Avenue, causing the areas east of Troost to have one of the worst murder rates in the country. This led to the dominating economic success of neighboring Johnson County.
In 1950, African Americans represented 12.2% of Kansas City's population.
In 1940, the city had about 400,000 residents; by 2000, it had about 440,000. From 1940 to 1960, the city more than doubled its physical size, while increasing its population by only about 75,000. By 1970, the city covered approximately 316 square miles (820 km2), more than five times its size in 1940.
Hyatt Regency walkway collapse
The Hyatt Regency walkway collapse was a major disaster that occurred on July 17, 1981, killing 114 people and injuring more than 200 others during a tea dance in the 45-story Hyatt Regency hotel in Crown Center. It is the deadliest structural collapse in US history other than the September 11 attacks. In 2015 a memorial called the Skywalk Memorial Plaza was built for the families of the victims of the disaster, across the street from the hotel which is now a Sheraton.
Downtown Kansas City re-development
In the 21st century, the Kansas City area has undergone extensive redevelopment, with more than $6 billion in improvements to the downtown area on the Missouri side. One of the main goals is to attract convention and tourist dollars, office workers, and residents to downtown KCMO. Among the projects include the redevelopment of the
From 2007 to 2017, downtown residential population in Kansas City quadrupled and continues to grow. The area has grown from almost 4,000 residents in the early 2000s to nearly 30,000 as of 2017[update]. Kansas City's downtown ranks as the sixth-fastest-growing downtown in America with the population expected to grow by more than 40% by 2022. Conversions of office buildings such as the Power & Light Building and the Commerce Bank Tower into residential and hotel space has helped to fulfill the demand. New apartment complexes like One, Two, and Three Lights, River Market West, and 503 Main have begun to reshape Kansas City's skyline. Strong demand has led to occupancy rates in the upper 90%.
The residential population of downtown has boomed, and the office population has dropped significantly from the early 2000s to the mid-2010s. Top employers like AMC moved their operations to modern office buildings in the suburbs. High office vacancy plagued downtown, leading to the neglect of many office buildings. By the mid-2010s, many office buildings were converted to residential uses and the Class A vacancy rate plunged to 12% in 2017. Swiss Re, Virgin Mobile, AutoAlert, and others have begun to move operations to downtown Kansas City from the suburbs and expensive coastal cities.
The area has seen additional development through various transportation projects, including improvements to the
In July 2005, the Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) launched Kansas City's first bus rapid transit line, the Metro Area Express (MAX), which links the River Market, Downtown, Union Station, Crown Center and the Country Club Plaza. The KCATA continues to expand MAX with additional routes on Prospect Avenue, Troost Avenue, and Independence Avenue.
In 2013, construction began on a two-mile streetcar line in downtown Kansas City (funded by a $102 million ballot initiative that was passed in 2012) that runs between the River Market and Union Station, it began operation in May 2016. In 2017, voters approved the formation of a TDD to expand the streetcar line south 3.5 miles from Union Station to UMKC's Volker Campus. Additionally in 2017, the KC Port Authority began engineering studies for a Port Authority funded streetcar expansion north to Berkley Riverfront Park. Citywide, voter support for rail projects continues to grow with numerous light rail projects in the works.
In 2016, Jackson County, Missouri, acquired unused rail lines as part of a long-term commuter rail plan. For the time being, the line is being converted to a trail while county officials negotiate with railroads for access to tracks in Downtown Kansas City.
On November 7, 2017, Kansas City, Missouri, voters overwhelmingly approved a new single terminal at Kansas City International Airport by a 75% to 25% margin. The new single terminal will replace the three existing "Clover Leafs" at KCI Airport and is expected to open in March 2023.
The city has an area of 319.03 square miles (826.28 km2), of which, 314.95 square miles (815.72 km2) is land and 4.08 square miles (10.57 km2) is water. Bluffs overlook the rivers and river bottom areas. Kansas City proper is bowl-shaped and is surrounded to the north and south by glacier-carved limestone and bedrock cliffs. Kansas City is at the confluence between the Dakota and Minnesota ice lobes during the maximum late Independence glaciation of the Pleistocene epoch. The Kansas and Missouri rivers cut wide valleys into the terrain when the glaciers melted and drained. A partially filled spillway valley crosses the central city. This valley is an eastward continuation of the Turkey Creek Valley. It is the closest major city to the geographic center of the contiguous United States, or "Lower 48".
Kansas City, Missouri, comprises more than 240 neighborhoods, some with histories as independent cities or as the sites of major events.
Kansas City hosts more than 200 working fountains, especially on the Country Club Plaza. Designs range from French-inspired traditional to modern. Highlights include the Black Marble H&R Block fountain in front of Union Station, which features synchronized water jets; the Nichols Bronze Horses at the corner of Main and J.C. Nichols Parkway at the entrance to the Plaza Shopping District; and the fountain at Hallmark Cards World Headquarters in Crown Center.
Since its inception in 1857, City Market has been one of the largest and most enduring public farmers' markets in the American Midwest, linking growers and small businesses to the community. More than 30 full-time merchants operate year-round and offer specialty foods, fresh meats and seafood, restaurants and cafes, floral, home accessories and more. The City Market is also home to the Arabia Steamboat Museum, which houses artifacts from a steamboat that sank near Kansas City in 1856.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Kansas City lies in the Midwestern United States, near the geographic center of the country, at the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. The city either lies in the humid continental zone when using the 0°C isotherm, or in the humid subtropical zone when using the -3°C isotherm. Additionally, the city experiences roughly 104 air frosts on average per annum.[unreliable source?] The city is part of USDA plant hardiness zones 5b and 6a. In the center of North America, far removed from a significant body of water, there is significant potential for extreme hot and cold swings throughout the year. The warmest month is July, with a 24-hour average temperature of 81.0 °F (27.2 °C). The summer months are hot and humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico, and high temperatures surpass 100 °F (38 °C) on 5.6 days of the year, and 90 °F (32 °C) on 47 days. The coldest month of the year is January, with an average temperature of 31.0 °F (−0.6 °C). Winters are cold, with 22 days where the high temperature is at or below 32 °F (0 °C) and 2.5 nights with a low at or below 0 °F (−18 °C). The official record highest temperature is 113 °F (45 °C), set on August 14, 1936, at Downtown Airport, while the official record lowest is −23 °F (−31 °C), set on December 22 and 23, 1989. Normal seasonal snowfall is 13.4 inches (34 cm) at Downtown Airport and 18.8 in (48 cm) at Kansas City International Airport. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 31 to April 4, while for measurable (0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall, it is November 27 to March 16 as measured at Kansas City International Airport. Precipitation, both in frequency and total accumulation, shows a marked uptick in late spring and summer.
Kansas City is located in "
|Climate data for Kansas City, Missouri (Downtown Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1934–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||76
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||62.9
|Average high °F (°C)||39.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||31.0
|Average low °F (°C)||22.2
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||2.7
|Record low °F (°C)||−14
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.02
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||3.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||4.6||4.8||6.8||9.3||11.0||9.5||7.9||7.8||7.6||7.0||5.2||4.6||86.1|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||2.2||1.6||0.4||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||0.1||1.9||6.4|
|Climate data for Kansas City Int'l, Missouri (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1888–present)[b]|
|Record high °F (°C)||75
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||62.0
|Average high °F (°C)||38.4
|Daily mean °F (°C)||29.0
|Average low °F (°C)||19.5
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||−1.5
|Record low °F (°C)||−20
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.16
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||4.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||6.8||6.7||9.5||11.3||12.1||10.2||9.0||8.4||8.3||8.1||6.8||6.5||103.7|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||4.4||3.1||1.7||0.4||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||1.0||3.0||13.8|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||16.5
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||183.7||174.3||223.9||257.8||285.0||305.5||329.3||293.9||240.5||213.6||155.3||147.1||2,809.9|
|Percent possible sunshine||61||58||60||65||64||68||74||69||64||62||52||50||63|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point, and sun 1972–1990)|
|Climate data for Kansas City, Missouri|
|Average ultraviolet index||2||3||5||7||8||9||10||9||7||4||3||2||6|
|Source: Weather Atlas |
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Kansas City has the second largest
The Historic Kansas City boundary is roughly 58 square miles (150 km2) and has a population density of about 5,000 people per sq. mi. It runs from the Missouri River to the north, 79th Street to the south, the Blue River to the east, and State Line Road to the west. During the 1960s and 1970s, Kansas City annexed large amounts of land, which are largely undeveloped to this day.
Between the 2000 and 2010 Census counts, the urban core of Kansas City continued to drop significantly in population. The areas of Greater Downtown in the center city, and sections near I-435 and I-470 in the south, and Highway 152 in the north are the only areas of Kansas City, Missouri, to have seen an increase in population, with the Northland seeing the greatest population growth. Even so, the population of Kansas City as a whole from 2000 to 2010 increased by 4.1%.
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||10.7%||10.0%||3.9%||2.7%[c]||N/A|
|Two or more races||6.3%||3.2%||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|American Indian and Alaska Natives||0.4%||0.5%||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||0.3%||0.2%||N/A||N/A||N/A|
As of February 2022, there were an estimated 3,000 homeless people in Kansas City. In spring 2022, more than 700 people were living unsheltered in Kansas City.
The federal government is the largest employer in the Kansas City metro area, with more than 146 agencies. Kansas City is one of ten regional office cities for the US government.
One of the largest US drug manufacturing plants is the
Agriculture companies include Dairy Farmers of America, the largest dairy co-op in the United States. The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and The National Association of Basketball Coaches are based in Kansas City.
The Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank opened a new building in 2008 near Union Station. Missouri is the only state to have two of the 12 Federal Reserve Bank headquarters, with the second in St. Louis. Kansas City's effort to get the bank was helped by former mayor James A. Reed, who as senator, broke a tie to pass the Federal Reserve Act.
The national headquarters for the Veterans of Foreign Wars is headquartered just south of Downtown.
Three international law firms, Lathrop & Gage, Stinson Leonard Street, and Shook, Hardy & Bacon are based in the city.
As of 2022[update], there were reportedly an estimated 3,000 homeless people in Kansas City, addressed by the Zero KC initiative.
The following companies are headquartered in Kansas City, Missouri:
- American Century Investments
- Andrews McMeel Universal
- Applebee's (former)
- Barkley Inc.
- Black & Veatch's Global Water Business
- Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Kansas City
- Boulevard Brewing Company
- Burns & McDonnell
- Children International
- Commerce Bancshares
- Copaken, White & Blitt
- Evergy, formerly Great Plains Energy
- Garney Holding Company
- Hallmark Cards
- H&R Block
- Hostess Brands
- J.E. Dunn Construction Group
- JHS Pedals
- Kansas City Southern Railway
- Lockton Companies
- MANICA Architecture
- Novastar Financial
- Russell Stover Candies
- Smith Electric Vehicles
- UMB Financial Corporation
- Veterans of Foreign Wars
- Walton Construction
According to the city's Fiscal Year 2014–15 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten principal employers are as follows:
|Rank||Employer||Employees||Percentage of Total Employment|
|1.||Public School System||30,172||2.92%|
|5.||HCA Midwest Health System||9,753||0.94%|
|6.||Saint Luke's Health System||7,550||0.73%|
|7.||Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics||6,305||0.61%|
The University of Kansas Hospital
|10.||Hallmark Cards, Inc.||4,600||0.45%|
Abbreviations and nicknames
Kansas City, Missouri is abbreviated as KCMO and the
There were only two theaters in Kansas City when David Austin Latchaw, originally from rural
Theater troupes in the 1870s toured the state, performing in cities or small towns forming along the railroad lines. Rail transport had enhanced the theater troupe tour market, by allowing full costumes, props, and sets. As theater grew in popularity after the mid-1880s, that number increased and by 1912, ten new theaters had been built in Kansas City. By the 1920s, Kansas City was the center of the
The Kansas City Ballet, founded in 1957 by Tatiana Dokoudovska, is a ballet troupe comprising 25 professional dancers and apprentices. Between 1986 and 2000, it combined with Dance St. Louis to form the State Ballet of Missouri, although it remained in Kansas City. From 1980 to 1995, the Ballet was run by dancer and choreographer Todd Bolender. Today, the Ballet offers an annual repertory split into three seasons, performing classical to contemporary ballets. The Ballet also performs at the Kauffman Center. Kansas City is home to The Kansas City Chorale, a professional 24-voice chorus conducted by Charles Bruffy. The chorus performs an annual concert series and a concert in Phoenix each year with their sister choir, the Phoenix Chorale. The Chorale has made nine recordings (three with the Phoenix Chorale).
Kansas City jazz in the 1930s marked the transition from big bands to the bebop influence of the 1940s. The 1979 documentary
Live music venues are throughout the city, with the highest concentration in the Westport entertainment district centered on Broadway and Westport Road near
In 2018, UNESCO named Kansas City a City of Music, as the only one in the United States. The designation is based on the city's rich musical heritage, and its $7 million budget for improving the 18th and Vine Jazz District in 2016.
In 2021, the US Census Bureau estimated 253,040 people of Irish descent in the metro, with 123,934 in Jackson, Clay, and Platte Counties. The Irish were the first large immigrant group to settle in Kansas City following the lead of Fr. Bernard Donnelly (c. 1800–1880) and founded its first newspaper. The Irish community includes bands, dancers, Irish stores, newspapers, and the Kansas City Irish Center at Drexel Hall in Midtown. The first book detailing Irish history in Kansas City is Missouri Irish: Irish Settlers on the American Frontier, published in 1984. The Kansas City Irish Fest is held over Labor Day weekend in Crown Center and Washington Park.
Missouri voters approved riverboat
Kansas City is famous for its
The Kansas City Strip cut of steak is similar to the New York Strip cut, and is sometimes referred to just as a strip steak. Along with Texas, Memphis, North, and South Carolina, Kansas City is lauded as a "world capital of barbecue". More than 90 barbecue restaurants operate in the metropolitan area. The American Royal each fall hosts what it claims is the world's biggest barbecue contest.
Classic Kansas City-style barbecue was an inner-city phenomenon that evolved from the pit of
Kansas City has several
Points of interest
|Country Club Plaza District||A district developed in 1922 featuring Spanish-styled architecture and upscale shops and restaurants. Two universities have locations near the district (University of Missouri-Kansas City and the Kansas City Art Institute). The Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art are also around the district.|
18th & Vine District
|Cradle of distinctive Kansas City styled jazz. Home of the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, American Jazz Museum, and the future home of the MLB Urban Youth Academy. The district contains several jazz clubs and venues, such as the Gem Theater and the Blue Room.|
|Crossroads Arts District||Home to several restaurants, art galleries, and hotels. First Friday is a popular monthly event in the district. Pop-up galleries, food trucks, venue deals, and music events are planned for First Fridays. Union Station and the Kauffman Center are within the district. Union Station has exhibits that change frequently, including at Science City.|
|Westport District||Originally a separate town before being annexed by Kansas City, the district contains several restaurants, shops, and nightlife options. Along with the Power and Light District, it serves as one of the city's main entertainment areas. The
University of Kansas Hospitalis close to the district, just across State Line Road.
|Power and Light District||A new shopping and entertainment district within the Central Business District. It was developed by the Cordish Companies. The T-Mobile Center is within the district and is a major anchor development for the area. The Midland Theater, a popular concert venue, is also in the district.|
Berkley Riverfront Park
|Kansas City's original neighborhood on the Missouri River. The district contains one of the country's largest and longest lasting
Berkley Riverfront Park, which is operated by Port KC.
|Crown Center||A district developed by Hallmark. The district is a short walk from the National World War I Museum and Memorial (Liberty Memorial).|
|West Bottoms||The West Bottoms originated primarily as stockyards and for industrial uses, but is slowly being revitalized with apartments and shops. It has
|Kansas City, North||Several attractions are north of the Missouri River. Zona Rosa is a mixed-used development with shopping, dining, and events. The Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport features the Aviation History Museum. Worlds of Fun and Oceans of Fun are major amusement parks of the midwest.|
|Swope Park||Swope Park has an area of 1,805 acres, a larger total space than Central Park, with several attractions. The Kansas City Zoo, encompassing 200 acres, features more than 1,000 animals and was ranked as one of the top 60 zoos in the United States. Starlight Theatre is the second largest outdoor musical theatre venue in the U.S. Sporting Kansas City practice at the soccer complex.|
The proportion of Kansas City area residents with a known religious affiliation is 50.75%. The most common religious denominations in the area are:
- None/No affiliation 49.25%
- Baptists 10.4%
- Other Christian 10.3%
- Methodist 6.0%
- Pentecostal 2.7%
- Latter-day Saint 2.5%
- Lutheran 2.3%
- Presbyterian 1.7%
- Judaism 0.4%
- Eastern religions 0.4%
- Islam 0.4%
In 1911, Elias Disney moved his family from Marceline to Kansas City. They lived in a new home at 3028 Bellefontaine with a garage he built, in which Walt Disney made his first animation. In 1919, Walt returned from France where he had served as a Red Cross Ambulance Driver in World War I. He started the first animation company in Kansas City, Laugh-O-Gram Studio, in which he designed the character Mickey Mouse. When the company went bankrupt, Walt Disney moved to Hollywood and started The Walt Disney Company on October 16, 1923.
Professional sports teams in Kansas City include the Kansas City Chiefs in the National Football League (NFL), the Kansas City Royals in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Sporting Kansas City in Major League Soccer (MLS).
The following table lists the professional teams in the Kansas City metropolitan area:
The Chiefs, now a member of the NFL's American Football Conference, started play in 1960 as the Dallas Texans of the American Football League before moving to Kansas City in 1963. The Chiefs lost Super Bowl I to the Green Bay Packers by a score of 35–10. In 1969, the team became the last AFL champion and won Super Bowl IV. In 2020, it won Super Bowl LIV, in 2021 it lost Super Bowl LV, and in 2023, it won Super Bowl LVII.
The Athletics baseball franchise played in the city from 1955, after moving from Philadelphia, to 1967, when the team relocated to Oakland, California. The city's current Major League Baseball franchise, the Royals, started play in 1969, and are the only major league sports franchise in Kansas City that has not relocated or changed its name. The Royals were the first American League expansion team to reach the playoffs (in 1976) to reach the World Series (in 1980) and to win the World Series (in 1985). The Royals returned to the World Series in 2014 and won in 2015.
The Kansas City Wiz became a charter member of Major League Soccer in 1996. It was renamed the Kansas City Wizards in 1997. In 2011, the team was renamed Sporting Kansas City and moved to its new stadium Children's Mercy Park in Kansas City, Kansas. It won the MLS Cup twice, the Supporters' Shield once, and the US Open Cup four times.
FC Kansas City played from 2013 to 2017 in the National Women's Soccer League; the team's home games were held at Swope Soccer Village. They won the NWSL in 2014 and 2015. The team folded after the 2017 season and its assets were transferred to Utah Royals FC. After the 2020 season, the Utah Royals folded and its assets were transferred to a new Kansas City team, now known as the Kansas City Current. The Current moved to Children's Mercy Park after spending their first season at Legends Field, where they were known as KC NWSL. On October 6, 2022, the team's ownership broke ground on an 11,500-seat soccer-specific stadium on the Berkley Riverfront Park, which broke ground on October 6, 2022, with a goal to open by March 2024.
Kansas City was selected on June 16, 2022, as one of the eleven US host cities for the 2026 FIFA World Cup.
In college athletics, Kansas City has been the home of the Big 12 College Basketball Tournaments. The
The city has one NCAA Division I program, the Kansas City Roos, representing the University of Missouri–Kansas City (UMKC). The program, historically known as the UMKC Kangaroos, adopted its current branding after the 2018–19 school year.
In addition to serving as the home stadium of the Chiefs, Arrowhead Stadium serves as the venue for various intercollegiate football games. It has hosted the Big 12 Championship Game five times. On the last weekend in October, the MIAA Fall Classic rivalry game between Northwest Missouri State University and Pittsburg State University took place at the stadium.
Kansas City is represented on the
Kansas City briefly had four short-term major league baseball teams between 1884 and 1915: the
Kansas City was represented in the
In 1974, the National Hockey League placed an expansion team in Kansas City called the Kansas City Scouts. The team moved to Denver in 1976, then to New Jersey in 1982 where they have remained ever since as the New Jersey Devils.
Parks and boulevards
Kansas City has 132 miles (212 km) of boulevards and parkways, 214 urban parks, 49 ornamental fountains, 152 ball diamonds, 10 community centers, 105 tennis courts, 5 golf courses, 5 museums and attractions, 30 pools, and 47 park shelters.
Cliff Drive, in Kessler Park on the North Bluffs, is a designated State Scenic Byway. It extends 4.27 miles (6.87 km) from The Paseo and Independence Avenue through Indian Mound on Gladstone Boulevard at Belmont Boulevard, with many historical points and architectural landmarks.
Ward Parkway, on the west side of the city near State Line Road, is lined by many of the city's largest and most elaborate homes.
A program went underway to replace many of the fast-growing
Civil Engineering Landmark
In 1974, the Kansas City Park and Boulevard System was recognized by the
Law and government
Kansas City is home to the largest
The mayor is the head of the
Kansas City holds city elections in every fourth odd numbered year. The last citywide election was held in May 2019. The officials took office in August 2019 and will hold the position until 2023.
Pendergast was the most prominent leader during the machine politics days. The most nationally prominent Democrat associated with the machine was
The Mayor, City Council, and City Manager are listed below:
|Mayor (presides over Council)||Quinton Lucas|
|Councilman, District 1 At-large||Kevin O'Neill|
|Councilwoman, District 1||Heather Hall|
|Councilwoman, District 2 At-large||Teresa Loar|
|Councilman, District 2||Dan Fowler|
|Councilman, District 3 At-large||Brandon Ellington|
|Councilwoman, District 3||Melissa Robinson|
|Councilwoman, District 4 At-large||Katheryn Shields|
|Councilman, District 4||Eric Bunch|
|Councilman, District 5 At-large||Lee Barnes, Jr.|
|Councilwoman, District 5||Ryana Parks-Shaw|
|Councilwoman, District 6 At-large||Andrea Bough|
|Councilman, District 6||Kevin McManus|
|City Manager||Brian Platt|
|Mayor Pro-Tem||Kevin McManus|
National political conventions
Kansas City hosted the 1900 Democratic National Convention, the 1928 Republican National Convention and the 1976 Republican National Convention. The urban core of Kansas City consistently votes Democratic in presidential elections; however, on the state and local level Republicans often find success, especially in the Northland and other suburban areas of Kansas City.
Kansas City is represented by three members of the United States House of Representatives:
- Missouri's 4th congressional district – the Cass County portion of Kansas City; represented by Mark Alford (Republican)
- Missouri's 5th congressional district – all of Kansas City proper in Jackson County, Independence, and portions of Clay County; represented by Emanuel Cleaver (Democrat)
- Missouri's 6th congressional district – Portions of Kansas City proper in Clay County and Platte County; represented by Sam Graves (Republican)
Some of the earliest organized violence in Kansas City erupted during the
In the early 20th century under Pendergast, Kansas City became the country's "most wide open town". Though this gave rise to
As of November 2012[update], Kansas City
Colleges and universities
Many universities, colleges, and seminaries are in the Kansas City metropolitan area, including:
- University of Missouri–Kansas City − one of four schools in the University of Missouri System − serving more than 15,000 students
- Jesuituniversity founded in 1910
- Kansas City Art Institute − four-year college of fine arts and design founded in 1885
- Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences− medical and graduate school founded in 1916
- Avila University − Catholic university of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet
- Park University − private institution established in 1875; Park University Graduate School is downtown
- Baker University − multiple branches of the School of Professional and Graduate Studies
- William Jewell College − private liberal arts institution founded in 1849
- Metropolitan Community College (Kansas City)− a two-year college with multiple campuses in the city and suburbs
- Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary − Southern Baptist Convention
- Nazarene Theological Seminary − Church of the Nazarene
- Calvary University
- Saint Paul School of Theology − Methodist
Primary and secondary schools
The city is not served by one unified school district, but 15 separate districts due to the historical unwillingness of suburban voters to merge their existing school districts with the Kansas City district as the city expanded its limits in the 1950s and 1960s.
School outcomes vary between and even within districts, with a some high schools being nationally ranked,
The following public school districts serve Kansas City:
In the Jackson County portion of the city:
- Kansas City Public Schools
- Blue Springs R-4 School District
- Center School District
- Fort Osage R-1 School District
- Grandview C-4 School District
- Hickman Mills C-1 School District
- Independence School District
- Lees Summit R-7 School District
- Raytown C-2 School District
In the Cass County portion:
In the Clay County portion:
In the Platte County portion:
- Park Hill School District
- Platte County R-3 School District
Libraries and archives
- Linda Hall Library − internationally recognized independent library of science, engineering and technology, housing over one million volumes.
- Mid-Continent Public Library − largest public library system in Missouri, and among the largest collections in America.
- Kansas City Public Library − oldest library system in Kansas City.
- University of Missouri-Kansas City Libraries− four collections: Leon E. Bloch Law Library and Miller Nichols Library, both on Volker Campus; and Health Sciences Library and Dental Library, both on Hospital Hill in Kansas City.
- Rockhurst University Greenlease Library
- The Black Archives of Mid-America− research center of the African American experience in the central Midwest.
- National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Central Plains Region − one of 18 national records facilities, holding millions of archival records and microfilms for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska in a new facility adjacent to Union Station, which was opened to the general public in 2008.
The Kansas City Star is the area's primary newspaper. William Rockhill Nelson and his partner, Samuel Morss, first published the evening paper on September 18, 1880. The Star competed with the morning Kansas City Times before acquiring that publication in 1901. The "Times" name was discontinued in March 1990, when the morning paper was renamed the "Star".
Weekly newspapers include The Call
Publications include Ingram's Magazine and a local society journal, the Independent.
The city is served by two major faith-oriented newspapers: The Kansas City Metro Voice, serving the Christian community, and the Kansas City Jewish Chronicle, serving the Jewish community. It is the headquarters of the National Catholic Reporter, an independent Catholic newspaper.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2022))
The Kansas City media market (ranked 32nd by Arbitron and 31st by Nielsen) includes 10 television stations, 30 FM and 21 AM radio stations. Kansas City broadcasting jobs have been a stepping stone for national television and radio personalities, notably Walter Cronkite and Mancow Muller.
WDAF radio (now at 106.5 FM; original 610 AM frequency now occupied by
The major broadcast television networks have affiliates in the Kansas City market (covering 32 counties in northwestern Missouri, with the exception of counties in the far northwestern part of the state that are within the adjacent
Kansas City has been a locale for film and television productions. Between 1931 and 1982 Kansas City was home to the Calvin Company, a large film production company that specialized in promotional shorts for corporations and in educational films for schools and the government. Calvin was an important venue for Kansas City arts, training local filmmakers who went on to Hollywood careers and also employing local actors, most of whom earned their main income in fields such as radio and television announcing. Kansas City native Robert Altman directed movies at the Calvin Company, which led him to shoot his first feature film, The Delinquents, in Kansas City using many local players.
The 1983 television movie
Today, Kansas City is home to an active independent film community. The Independent Filmmaker's Coalition is an organization dedicated to expanding and improving independent filmmaking in Kansas City. The city launched the KC Film Office in October 2014 with the goal of better marketing the city for prospective television shows and movies to be filmed there. The City Council passed several film tax incentives in February 2016 to take effect in May 2016; the KC Film Office is coordinating its efforts with the State of Missouri to reinstate film incentives on a statewide level. Kansas City was named as a top city to live and work in as a movie maker in 2020.
Originally, Kansas City was the launching point for travelers on the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails. Later, with the construction of the Hannibal Bridge across the Missouri River, it became the junction of 11 trunk railroads. More rail tonnage passes through the city than through any other U.S. city. Trans World Airlines (TWA) located its headquarters in the city, and had ambitious plans to turn the city into an air hub.
Missouri and Kansas were the first states to start building interstates with
Kansas City has a confluence of major U.S. interstate highways: I-29, I-35, I-49, I-70, I-435, I-470, I-635, and I-670.
Kansas City includes these US highways:
Missouri state highways
Missouri highways in Kansas City include these: Route 1, Route 9, Route 12, Route 45, Route 78, Route 92, Route 150, Route 152, Route 210, Route 269, Route 283, Route 291, and Missouri Route 350.
Other routes include the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway and the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail.
Kansas City International Airport (airport code MCI) was built to TWA's specifications to make a world hub. Its original passenger-friendly design placed each of its gates 100 feet (30 m) from the street. Following the
Like most American cities, Kansas City's mass transit system was originally rail-based. From 1870 to 1957, Kansas City's streetcar system was among the top in the country, with over 300 miles (480 km) of track at its peak. The rapid sprawl in the following years led this private system to be shut down.
Amtrak currently operates two routes via Kansas City, the Southwest Chief to Chicago or Los Angeles, and the Missouri River Runner to St. Louis
On December 28, 1965, the Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) was formed via a bi-state compact created by the Missouri and Kansas legislatures. The compact gave the KCATA responsibility for planning, construction, owning and operating passenger transportation systems and facilities within the seven-county area.
RideKC Bus and MAX
In July 2005, the KCATA launched Kansas City's first
The Prospect MAX line launched in 2019 and Mayor Quinton Lucas announced the service would be fare-free indefinitely.
On December 12, 2012, a ballot initiative to construct a $102 million, 2-mile (3200 m) modern
In 2015, the KCATA, Unified Government Transit, Johnson County Transit, and IndeBus began merging from individual metro services into one coordinated transit service for the metropolitan area, called RideKC. The buses and other transit options are branded as RideKC Bus, RideKC MAX, RideKC Streetcar, and RideKC Bridj. RideKC Bridj is a micro transit service partnership between Ford Bridj and KCATA that began on March 7, 2016, much like a
A 2015 study by Walk Score ranked Kansas City as the 42nd most walkable out of the 50 largest U.S. cities. As a whole, the city has a score of 34 out of 100. However, several of the more densely populated neighborhoods have much higher scores: Westport has a score of 91, the Downtown Loop has a score of 85, the Crossroads scored 85, and the Plaza scored 83. Those ratings range from "A Walker's Paradise" to "Very Walkable". In April 2017, voters approved an $800 million general obligation bond, part of which is designated for sidewalk repairs and creating complete-streets.
According to the American Community Survey, 81.6 percent of working Kansas City residents commuted to work by driving alone, 7.9 percent carpooled, 2.7 percent used public transportation, and 1.7 percent walked to work. About 1.5 percent commuted by other means, including taxi, bicycle, or motorcycle. About 4.6 percent of working Kansas City residents worked at home.
In 2015, 11.4 percent of Kansas City households were without a car, which was virtually unchanged in 2016 (11.3 percent). The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Kansas City averaged 1.58 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.
Kansas City has 15 sister cities:
|Freetown||Western Area||Sierra Leone||1974|
|Xi'an||Shaanxi||People's Republic of China||1989|
|Port Harcourt||Rivers State||Nigeria||1993|
|San Nicolás de los Garza||Nuevo León||Mexico||1997|
|Yan'an||Shaanxi||People's Republic of China||2017|
Current or former long-time residents include cartoonists Walt Disney, Friz Freleng, and Ub Iwerks; musicians Count Basie and Tech N9ne; actor Don Cheadle; politicians Emanuel Cleaver and Tom Pendergast; and reporter Walter Cronkite.
- Kansas City Police Officers Association
- List of people from Kansas City, Missouri
- Sites of interest of Kansas City
- USS Kansas City, 3 ships
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